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Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1944.

Painter, decorative artist. Landscapes. Stage sets.

Duan Zhenzhong graduated from the Central Academy of Arts and Crafts in 1964. He is currently chief set designer of the Beijing Film Studio. In 1989, he won the Coq d’Or for best set design....


Oscar P. Fitzgerald

Technique for imitating Asian Lacquer. Once Dutch and Portuguese traders imported lacquer ware from the Far East after 1700, Europeans became fascinated by this technique. Originating in ancient China, it spread to Japan where it is still practiced in the 21st century. The process involved the application of up to a hundred coats of lacquer produced from the sap of the ...


Phylis Floyd

French term used to describe a range of European borrowings from Japanese art. It was coined in 1872 by the French critic, collector and printmaker Philippe Burty ‘to designate a new field of study—artistic, historic and ethnographic’, encompassing decorative objects with Japanese designs (similar to 18th-century ...


Hungarian architect and interior designer, active in Germany and Palestine. After studying music in Budapest, he studied architecture at the Technische Hochschule, Karlsruhe, where he obtained his Diploma of Architecture in 1899. In 1900 he settled in Berlin, where he worked first as an interior designer for private clients. Later he specialized in designing theatres and cinemas. In contrast with reform movements, he advocated the strict separation of the stage from the auditorium (the realm of illusion from that of reality), and the traditional arrangement of the auditorium with balconies and intimate boxes. His first major work was the Hebbeltheater (...


Japanese, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1861, in Tokyo; died 1939.

Painter, watercolourist, lacquerer.

Tama Kiyohara started by studying Japanese painting but switched to Western painting, studying with Vincenzo Ragusa, whom she later married. She left for Italy, where she worked with Lo Forte. She settled in Palermo and only returned to Japan in later years. She exhibited in both Rome and Palermo, won the Grand Prize at the New York International Exhibition and exhibited at the Venice Biennale. She mainly painted flowers and fruit....


Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Kaifeng (Henan Province).

Painter, decorative artist. Birds, flowers.

Song Tao graduated from Kaifeng art academy in 1965 and went on to work as a painter and decorator in the Kaifeng arts and crafts studio.

Peintres traditionnels de la République populaire de Chine...


Monique Riccardi-Cubitt

French term used to describe artefacts made in Turkey, or in France by Turkish craftsmen, and by derivation the influence on French design of elements from the Byzantine Empire, the Saljuq Islamic period and the Ottoman Empire. Specific motifs, borrowed from the original Turkish carpets, included arabesques or stylized flowers and vegetal scrolls and decorative animal forms—also included within the generic term ‘grotesques’—from the Renaissance onwards. From the Middle Ages inventories and accounts record objects ...



Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1772; died 21 or 22 January 1845, in Tokyo.

Lacquerer, maki-e craftsman.

Hara Yoyusai was a celebrated maki-e craftsman (application of gold and silver decoration to a lacquer base).