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Gisela Hossmann

[Johannes] (Siegfried)

(b Berlin, April 6, 1888; d Minusio, nr Locarno, Feb 1, 1976).

American painter, film maker, theorist and writer of German birth. He studied at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in Berlin and at the Akademie in Weimar from 1908 to 1909. Until c. 1910 he produced academic figure drawings, individual genre scenes and book illustrations (e.g. for Boccaccio’s Decameron). His early paintings showed the influence of Symbolism and of Jugendstil. Between 1911 and 1914 he came under the influence of Cézanne and also of Expressionism. At this time his paintings were flat in character, but with a fluid, dynamic and expressive drawing style, strongly outlined forms and powerful brushstrokes, as in Kurfürstendamm (1911; Locarno, Pin. Casa Rusca).

From 1914 until 1916 Richter’s work was influenced by Cubism, and he realized his idea of the visualization of rhythmical movements, proportion and order. His aim was the ‘free orchestration of forms …as music has orchestrated time …with sound’. Following the example of Picasso and Braque, Richter chose musical subjects for his paintings, such as ...

Article

Uruguayan, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active between 1924 and 1932 in France.

Born 25 July 1874, in Montevideo; died 8 August 1949, in Montevideo.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist. Toys.

Constructivism.

Groups: Cercle et Carré, Atelier Torres García.

Torres García's father was Catalan and his mother Uruguayan. They moved to Barcelona when he was seven. He studied at the Escuela Oficial de Bellas Artes in Barcelona ('La Llotja') and at the Academia Baixas. He copied works by Degas and Steinlen. At the same time he decorated the rooms of the Diputación and the library of the city hall, and executed commissions in different churches. He executed these works in a style of Puvis de Chavannes. Little remains today of these paintings, except those of the central library of the Diputación in Madrid. In 1903, Torres García assisted Antoni Gaudi with the execution of stained glass windows for the cathedral of Palma, Majorca and later with the windows for the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona. After a difficult period Torres García went to Paris, hoping to come into as close contact as possible with contemporary art movements. He also spent time in Brussels, Florence and Rome. After his arrival in 1910, he was first influenced by the Futurists. His works most clearly in this style are dated 1917-1918, and are devoted to themes mixed together on the canvas: ...