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Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Activec.1456.

Painter, writer.

Antonello di Nicola da Teramo painted a Last Judgement at S Giovanni in Teramo.

Article

German, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1435; died 1504.

Painter, miniaturist, illuminator, writer, printer. Religious subjects.

School of Alsace.

Hans Baemler's name appears for the first time in 1453. He established himself in Augsburg as a printer. His name appears on two miniatures, a Crucifixion...

Article

Flemish, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1525, in Antwerp; died c. 1598.

Painter, engraver, poet. Genre scenes, village scenes, local scenes (kermesses).

Antwerp School, Flemish School.

A member of the guild of St Luke in 1540, Pieter Balten became the dean of the guild in 1569. As an artist he was much influenced by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. Indeed, a large composition by Pieter Balten now in the museum in Amsterdam, ...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active in Florence and Treviso during the first half of the 14th century.

Born 1264, in Barberino di Val d'Elsa; died 1348, in Florence.

Poet, draughtsman.

Sutton, Kay: ‘The lost 'Officiolum' of Francesco da Barberino rediscovered’ in The Burlington Magazine, n° 1224, vol. CXLVII, periodical, March 2005....

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Active in Troyes from 1480 to 1486.

Writer, miniaturist, binder.

Article

Persian School, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active in Herat from 1468 to 1506, then in Tabriz.

Born between 1450 and 1460; died, in 1536 according to some sources, in 1537 according to others.

Miniaturist, writer.

Bahzad became the first truly famous Persian miniature painter and is the first known painter to have signed his work. The Louvre has a painting by him in grisaille, dated circa ...

Article

Stephen Murray

(b New York, Jan 13, 1927; d New York, Nov 26, 1973).

American scholar of Gothic architecture. He majored in classics at Yale University and served in the US Army in Europe (1945–6), where he encountered the great monuments of Gothic architecture. He completed his doctoral degree at Yale, also studying medieval architecture and archaeology at the Ecole des Chartes and the Institut d’Art et Archéologie in Paris, and engaging in excavations at Bourges Cathedral (1950–52). His doctoral dissertation on Bourges was directed by Sumner McKnight Crosby.

Branner taught for a year at Yale (1952) before accepting a teaching position at the University of Kansas (1954). Between 1957 and his death he taught in the Department of Art History and Archaeology at Columbia University, New York, with a brief spell at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. As a teacher, Robert Branner energized the study of medieval art in a vital and lasting way.

Although he is remembered principally as a most prolific scholar of Gothic architecture, Branner’s considerable list of publications includes topics in medieval manuscript production, architectural drawing, painting, luxury arts, and monumental sculpture. Each of Branner’s three great books on Gothic architecture brought a different approach. ...

Article

British, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1418, in Wells; died 1490.

Miniaturist, writer.

Article

Luc Verpoest

(b Feluy, Jan 10, 1849; d Ghent, Jan 11, 1920).

Belgian architect and writer. He trained as a civil engineer under Adolphe Pauli at the Ecole Spéciale de Génie Civil of the State University of Ghent. As a student he came into contact with the Belgian Gothic Revival movement centred on Jean-Baptiste Bethune and the St Luke School in Ghent, founded by Bethune in 1862. From 1874 Cloquet worked with the publishers Desclée. His early architectural work was similar to that of Bethune, Joris Helleputte and the first generation of St Luke architects. His most important projects were built around the turn of the century: the University Institutes (1896–1905), Ghent, and the Central Post Office (1897–1908), Ghent, the latter with Etienne Mortier (1857–1934), a pupil of Helleputte. In them Cloquet adopted a more eclectic though still predominantly medieval style, also introducing Renaissance motifs. Between 1904 and 1911 he designed a redevelopment plan for the historic centre of Ghent, between the early 14th-century belfry and the 15th-century church of St Michael, known as the Kuip, which was realized before the Ghent World Fair of ...

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 14 August 1502, in Aelst, or 4 July 1507 according to other sources; died 1550, in Brussels.

Painter, sculptor, architect, draughtsman, writer. Designs for tapestries.

Brussels School.

A pupil of Barent van Orley in Brussels from 1517 to 1521, he went to Italy in about 1521 and became a Master of the Antwerp Guild in 1527. He had two sons, Pieter and Michel, and when widowed, two illegitimate sons, Pauweel and Antoon. He later married the miniaturist Maria Verhulst, by whom he had three children, Pauwel, Katelyne and Maria - this latter married Pieter Bruegel the Elder. He travelled to Constantinople in 1533 to make cartoons of tapestries for the Sultan, but since the representation of human beings and animals was forbidden by Islam the journey came to nothing. It has been suggested that he went to discover the secrets of making oriental carpets, but he returned with studies of type, costumes and a book, ...

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1522 or 1519, in Amsterdam; died 29 October 1590, in Gouda.

Draughtsman, engraver, writer.

Haarlem School.

After visiting Spain and Portugal, Dirk Coornhert married Neeltze Simons; he left his place at court and settled in Haarlem as an engraver. A theological student until the age of 30, he became a notary in 1561, Secretary of the Council of Haarlem in 1564 and Secretary of the Netherland Estates in 1572. He had to flee to Xanthe to escape the persecution of the Protestants. Coornhert lived in Haarlem from 1577 to 1587, and then in Gouda. He was a friend of Frans Floris, Heemskerk and Bruegel....

Article

Douglass Shand-Tucci

(b Hampton Falls, NH, Dec 16, 1863; d Boston, Sept 22, 1942).

American architect and writer. Cram was the leading Gothic Revival architect in North America in the first half of the 20th century, at the head of an informal school known as the Boston Gothicists, who transformed American church design.

In 1881 Cram was apprenticed to the firm of Rotch & Tilden in Boston. His letters on artistic subjects to the Boston Transcript led to his appointment as the journal’s art critic by the mid-1880s. In 1886 he began his first European tour. In 1888 he founded the firm of Cram & Wentworth with Charles Wentworth (1861–97). With the arrival of Bertram Goodhue, the firm became Cram, Wentworth & Goodhue in 1892, and in 1899 Cram, Goodhue & Ferguson, with Frank Ferguson (1861–1926) having joined the office as business and engineering partner following the death of Wentworth.

Cram was strongly influenced both by the philosophies of John Ruskin...

Article

German, 15th century, male.

Born in Constance; died 1471, in Constance.

Writer, miniaturist (?).

A writer, he may have illustrated his own books.

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Writer, miniaturist.

Gilles Deschamps worked for the duke of Burgundy in around 1427.

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Active in Tours.

Illuminator, writer.

Two of this artist's manuscripts The Apple Tree of Suffering, and The Hours of the Cross, are in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. He worked for King Louis XI and King Charles VIII.

Article

Dutch, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born 28 October 1466, in Rotterdam; died 12 July 1536, in Basel.

Theologian, painter.

Erasmus, humanist and brilliant scholar, was the illegitimate son of the daughter of a doctor from Gudda. His father, Gerard, left Gouda to escape family problems taking refuge in Rome, where he took holy orders. At the age of nine, the boy Erasmus began his studies in Deventer. Orphaned at 17, he became a canon at the monastery of Stein near Gudda. It was at this time that he began to paint. There was once in Delft a crucifix that bore the following inscription in his own hand: ...

Article

German, 15th century, male.

Active in Augsburg.

Writer, miniaturist (?).

Johannes Erlinger is thought to have illustrated a number of chronicles.

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born in Reggio; died c. 1495, in Ferrara.

Miniaturist, writer.

Evangelista illustrated rituals for Ferrara Cathedral in collaboration with Jacobo Filippo d'Argenta. He worked for the Marchese Borso d'Este.

Article

(b ?Andernach; fl 1590s; d before 1598).

German carpenter and copyist. He made a craftsman’s copybook (Cologne, Hist. Archv, Hs. Wfo. 276*) that reproduced important verbal and graphic evidence on particular design techniques of Late Gothic master masons in Germany. He included a few biographical details, such as variant spellings of his name and the fact that he was known in his home town of Andernach as Jacob Keul. On one page of architectural drawings he wrote, ‘Drawn in Vienna in the year 1593’, and on another, ‘Drawn in Breslau in Silesia in 1593’. By 1596 he had returned to Andernach and inscribed one of his drawings accordingly. The Andernach archives have revealed that he was the son of Jacob Keul, who may also have been a carpenter. In 1596 the younger Jacob Keul was paid from the accounts of the Watch and Artillery Master for working with several other carpenters at the ‘stone lodge on the Rhine’ (Koblenz, Landeshauptarchv, MS. 612. III. H. 4, fasc. 5, p. 215). In ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Illuminator, writer, binder.

Florentine School.

Agnolo Ferrini was a priest and chaplain at Capraia, near Empoli (Arno valley), in the 15th century. The archives in Florence record that he bound a large number of Florentine manuscripts and incunabula, painting and decorating the bindings himself....