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M. J. C. Otten

(bapt Amsterdam, Sept 10, 1645; bur Haarlem, June 15, 1708).

Dutch etcher, draughtsman, painter, sculptor, medallist and writer. He is best known for his political caricatures of Louis XIV of France and for his prints glorifying William III, Stadholder of the Netherlands and King of England. De Hooghe is an important representative of the late Dutch Baroque. His style is characterized by strong contrasts of lights and darks and an expressive composition. In his prints he combined contemporary personalities with allegorical figures. His prints are numerous, but few of his drawings survive and his paintings are rarer still. De Hooghe’s first commission for an etching probably came from Constantijn Huygens the elder, secretary to William III; this was Zeestraet (1667; Hollstein, no. 287). In 1668 de Hooghe was in Paris, where he produced some book illustrations, but he returned to Amsterdam, where from 1670 to 1691 he illustrated the annual newsheet Hollandsche Mercurius. He regularly produced such political prints as ...


Alexander Kader

(b Florence, March 6, 1671; d Florence, 1744).

Italian sculptor, architect, medallist and writer. He was a pupil of Giovanni Battista Foggini in Florence and, like many of his contemporaries, studied at the Tuscan Accademia Granducale in Rome. His earliest surviving works are bronze medals: Giulio Benedetto Lorenzini (1701) and Lorenzo Bellini (c. 1704). None of his work in marble seems to have survived from his early years in Florence and Rome. In 1708 he left Florence for Vienna, where he is said to have been sculptor and architect to Emperor Joseph I until the latter’s death in 1712. He then returned to Florence. After Foggini’s death in 1725 Ticciati began to receive many important commissions. His marble tomb of Anton Domenico Gabbiani (1726; Florence, S Felice) follows the style established by Foggini, as does his life-size marble statue of Geometry for the tomb of Galileo Galilei (erected 1737) in Santa Croce, Florence. Ticciati’s main commission of the 1730s was the marble high altar (erected ...