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Article

G. Gaeta Bertelà

(b Lyon, April 22, 1827; d Florence, Sept 21, 1888).

French collector. His father Jean-Baptiste Carrand (1792–1871) was a collector of medieval and Renaissance decorative objects (Byzantine and Gothic ivories, Renaissance maiolica, enamelwork, arms, bronzes and coins) and a connoisseur of manuscripts and documents, first in Lyon and then in Paris, where Louis worked in partnership with him. Their most prestigious purchases were some early medieval and Gothic ivory pieces and the famous flabellum (9th century, court of Charles the Bald) from the Benedictine abbey of Tournus in Burgundy. In 1867 they exhibited ivories, bronzes, arms, wood-carvings and secular gold items in the Exposition Universelle, Paris. After his father’s death Louis continued to enlarge the collection. In particular he added early medieval and Renaissance textiles. In 1880 he moved to Nice and in 1881 to Pisa, where he remained until 1886, continuing to buy artefacts not only from French and Italian sales but also from England, Germany, Greece and Turkey. In ...

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Active in Leiden or in Utrecht.

Painter, collector.

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born at the beginning of the 16th century, in Antwerp.

Engraver, art dealer.

Antwerp School.

An Artus Loemans was a member of the Antwerp guild in 1618. An Arthur Loemans, an engraver, was a pupil of Jan Collaert in 1622...

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Active in Amsterdamc.1580.

Engraver, art dealer.

Works known by this engraver include a Nativity, Adoration of the Magi and Virgin and Child Holding a Flower.

Article

Walter Geis

(b Andernach, April 15, 1823; d Cologne, Sept 13, 1888).

German sculptor, writer, designer, collector, dealer and furniture-restorer. From 1846 to 1871 he made gothicizing sculptures for Cologne Cathedral: for example figures of evangelists, martyrs and angels and figured reliefs (limestone; south transept, portals and buttresses). He also produced sculpture in period styles for castles, public buildings and private houses, for example 36 limestone statues of German emperors (1882–7; Aachen, Rathaus). The balanced form of his blocklike standing figures shows the influence of classical sculpture, and their generally pensive expression may be traced to the influence of the Lukasbrüder (see Nazarenes). With the help of costumes, Mohr adapted sculpted figures to the style of architecture, but in general his work after 1860 is characterized by massiveness, broad surfaces and an expression of pathos.

Mohr’s later work suggests an admiration for Michelangelo and for the monumental sculpture of Mohr’s contemporaries Ernst Rietschel and Johannes Schilling. The sculptures Mohr made between ...

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born probably in Antwerp.

Engraver, art dealer.

Onulph Panvinus produced Elogiae et Imagines Ont. Max. ad. viv. delin. 1568, a suite of 27 portraits engraved from his own drawings. It is probable that he travelled in Italy; Zani refers to an 'Onofine Pavinus' active as a drawer and engraver in Verona around about the same period. This must surely be construed as a reference to Onulph Panvinus....

Article

Flemish, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1500, in Geele.

Painter, engraver, art dealer.

Antwerp School.

Marten van Geele Peeters was a member of the Antwerp guild from 1525 to 1565.

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Painter, poet, collector.

A glass painter by this name is on record as having being active in Herzogenbuch in 1520.

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1560, in Antwerp; died c. 1607, in Antwerp.

Painter, art dealer.

Antwerp School.

In 1585 David Ryckaert I appears on the guild list as a paint mixer and canvas stretcher, so he must have worked for other painters. He married Catharina Rem in 1585 and his three sons, David, Martin and Paul, were also his pupils. It is thought that he was especially employed in painting figures into the paintings of his colleagues. Among his works is ...

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Active in Ghent.

Died between 3 February 1543 and 9 January 1544.

Painter, art dealer.

Josse Sammeling was the father of Jan Sammeling. There were two Ghent painters of this name, one a master in 1476, the other in 1481...

Article

French, 15th century, female.

Patroness of the arts.

Louise de Savoie was the daughter of Philippe II, Duke of Savoy, the wife of Charles, Duke of Angoulême, and the mother of François I and Marguerite d'Alençon. She was one of the earliest supporters of the developing Renaissance in France. In seeking actively to extend the library of Cognac, which she had inherited, she often employed the copyist Jean Michel and the illuminator Robinet Testar. Among the manuscripts that date from this period are the following: ...

Article

R. Windsor Liscombe

(b Norwich, Aug 31, 1778; d Cambridge, Aug 31, 1839).

English architect, writer and collector . A ‘profound knowledge of the principles both of Grecian and Gothic architecture’ generated the career of Wilkins, who was also remembered as ‘a most amiable and honourable man’. He promoted the archaeological Greek Revival in Britain and a Tudor Gothic style. More intellectual than imaginative, his architecture was distinguished by a deft and disciplined manipulation of select historical motifs, a refined sense of scale and intelligent planning, outmoded by the time of his death. Besides his architecture and extensive antiquarian writings, Wilkins assembled an eclectic art collection and owned, or had a financial interest in, several theatres in East Anglia.

The theatres and Wilkins’s architectural bent were inherited from his father, a Norwich architect also called William Wilkins (1751–1815), who assisted Humphry Repton from 1785 to 1796 and established a successful domestic practice, mainly in the Gothick style. His eldest son was educated at Norwich School, then at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, from which he graduated Sixth Wrangler in ...