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Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 10 May 1866, in St Petersburg; died 28 December 1924, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits, nudes, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes. Stage sets, stage costumes, posters.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Mir Iskusstva (World of Art) group...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 29 March 1808, in Paris; died 20 October 1892, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, lithographer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, interiors with figures, architectural views, costume studies.

Jules David studied under Duval-Lecamus and featured in the Paris Salon from 1834 to 1885....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1871, in Berlin; died 15 April 1925, in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland).

Draughtsman, architect, decorative artist, designer, illustrator, author. Furniture, jewellery, lamps, art objects.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

In Munich, August Endell studied philosophy, art history, aesthetics and psychology, notably a course run by Theodor Lipp on the psychological effect of the perception of lines and forms. There, in ...

Article

Elizabeth Ashman Rowe

Illuminated 14th-century deluxe Icelandic manuscript (420×290 mm, 202 fols; Reykjavík, Árni Magnússon Institute, GKS 1005 fol.) of King Sverrir’s Saga. It was compiled by the priests Jón Þórðarson and Magnús Þórhallsson for Jón Hákonarson (1350–before 1416), a wealthy landowner in northern Iceland who collected sagas of the kings of Norway. A note on folio 4r dates Jón Þórðarson’s contribution to 1387, and Magnús Þórhallsson’s annals at the end of the manuscript indicate the book was completed in 1394 or 1395. Magnús illuminated the whole manuscript and was the scribe of King Sverrir’s Saga (composed in part by Abbot Karl Jónsson of Þingeyrar, Iceland, c. 1185). The saga contains eight initials decorated in a style combining Gothic curved and draped human figures with Romanesque grotesques and acanthus motifs. Five initials depict Sverrir (with crown, orb and weapons), his opponent Sigurðr, and their soldiers. One initial is foliate, and two depict hybrid monsters. The taunting grotesque (fol. 156...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1862, in Birmingham; died 4 June 1928.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, worker in precious metals, designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits. Jewellery.

Arts and Crafts.

Arthur Joseph Gaskin studied at the Birmingham School of Art, where he later taught. He was a member of the Arts and Crafts movement founded by William Morris, whose aim was to revitalise the decorative arts. From 1899, together with his wife Georgina Cave France, he created gold and silver jewellery, sometimes decorated with enamel. In 1902, he replaced R. Catterson Smith as director of the Birmingham School of Jewellery. He exhibited paintings at the Royal Academy in London in 1889 and 1890 and jewellery at the 1900 Paris Exposition Universelle....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1773, in Caen; died after 1824.

Engraver (burin), illustrator, reproductions engraver. Genre scenes, costume studies.

George Gatine belongs to the category of minor artists whose efforts focused on the role of the 'painter of manners' and the absurdities of their era. Gatine drew or engraved costumes and genre scenes. He was one of the iconographers of the dandies and the whims of fashion. He is interesting from a documentary viewpoint and his works are highly sought after....

Article

Avis Berman

(b Roxbury, MA, Sept 14, 1867; d New York, NY, Dec 23, 1944).

American illustrator. Gibson’s graphic creation, the “Gibson Girl,” became a symbol of upper-middle-class American womanhood from 1890 to 1914. The Gibson Girl’s appearance and dress were widely imitated and her popularity helped shape social attitudes at a time when women’s roles were undergoing dramatic changes.

Growing up in Massachusetts and New York City, Gibson entered the Art Students League at 16, studying there for two years. In 1885 he left school to make a living as an illustrator. Gibson drew in pen-and-ink, his medium for the rest of his career, but his early sketches were stiff and labored. In 1886 he sold his first drawing for $4 to Life, a weekly humor magazine. Emulating the draftsmanship of the British cartoonists John Leech, Charles Keene, George Du Maurier and Phil(ip William) May, Gibson developed a freer and more economical style. He successfully sold arch scenes of politics and society to Life...

Article

Simon Houfe

(b Blackheath, July 21, 1817; d Blackheath, Oct 5, 1897).

English illustrator and painter. While articled to his father’s estate agency for two years, he spent his time sketching City of London costumes and liveries and regimental uniforms. This meticulous historical knowledge helped when he became a full-time artist in 1836, exhibiting oils at the Royal Society of British Artists and the British Institution, both in London. From 1842 he was the first artist to contribute historical scenes to the Illustrated London News, making a total of 30,000 illustrations in 40 years. Gilbert found ample employment in book illustration, his classical draughtsmanship being ideal for such publications as Howard Staunton’s Shakespeare (1856–60). He began to paint in watercolour in 1851, developing mastery as a colourist and in working on a large scale; he was elected to the Old Water Colour Society in 1854 and was its President in 1871. He became an ARA in 1872 and an RA in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1827, in Épineuil (Yonne); died 1892, in St-Mandé (Val-de-Marne).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Figures, scenes with figures. Stage costumes.

Employed on the railway at Lyons, Grévin started on the Journal Amusant and on the Petit Journal pour Rire...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1923 in France.

Born 23 November 1861, in Moscow; died 11 September 1939, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, decorative artist, architect. Scenes with figures, rural landscapes, urban landscapes, harbour scenes, still lifes, flowers.

Stage sets, stage costumes...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 12 January 1800, in Paris; died 19 December 1890, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, decorative designer, illustrator. History painting, battles, portraits, genre scenes, hunting scenes (hunting with hounds), costume studies.

Eugène Lami studied under Gros, Horace Vernet, and at the École des Beaux-Arts. He exhibited at the Salon from 1824 until 1878. He was awarded a second-class medal in 1875, became a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1837 and was made an officer in 1862. His early work was as a lithographer. He is considered to have possessed the acuity of Raffet, with less force of expression but more elegance....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 November 1853, in Paris; died 7 October 1940, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, stage set designer. Historical subjects, figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes, costume studies. Fans.

Maurice Leloir was the son of Jean-Baptiste Auguste Leloir and the watercolourist Héloïse Colin, and the brother of Alexandre Louis Leloir. He was taught by his grandfather, Alexandre Colin, his parents and his elder brother....

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 November 1865, in Schaerbeek (Brussels); died 15 July 1916, in Ukkel.

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman, engraver, designer, lithographer, illustrator, poster artist, potter. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers, seascapes, boats, animals...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 May 1860, in Schönnbrunn, Troppau (now Czech Republic); died 7 June 1923, in Leipzig.

Draughtsman, illustrator. Costume studies.

Arthur Lewin settled in Leipzig in 1874. He illustrated humorous publications, including the works of Edwin Bormann.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 27 January 1755, in Abbeville; died 6 April 1827, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver (etching), illustrator. Landscapes, costume studies. Vignettes.

Louis Morel d'Arleux studied under Doyen and Vien. He painted views of Italy and engraved illustrations for books, ornaments and costume designs....

Article

Czech, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 24 August 1860, in Ivancice; died 14 July 1939, in Prague.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, poster artist. Historical subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, costume studies. Murals, stage costumes and sets, coats of arms, designs (jewels/postage stamps/banknotes/furniture)...

Article

Néstor  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 February 1887, in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria; died 6 February 1938, in Las Palmas.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, scenographer. Figure compositions, scenes with figures, figures, nudes, portraits, animals. Murals, stage sets, stage costumes, theatre decoration.

Symbolism.

From a very early age Néstor showed signs of being gifted in drawing and painting and in this he was encouraged by his mother. From ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 7 September 1802, in Couëron (Loire-Atlantique); died 1857, in Pierrefitte-sur-Seine.

Draughtsman, painter, illustrator, palaeontologist, ethnologist, zoologist. Landscapes, figures, scenes with figures, costume studies, natural history (animals/botanical subjects). Maps.

The father of Orbigny-Dessalines, Charles-Marie d'Orbigny was a surgeon in the navy and also a naturalist who initiated Jean-Jacques Audubon into ornithology between ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 29 May 1863, in Salduero, near Soria (Castilla y León); died 1940.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, illustrator. Figures, portraits, scenes with figures, genre scenes, interiors with figures, landscapes with figures, still-lifes, costume studies. Frescoes.

Maximino Peña y Muñoz grew up in Buenos Aires and La Plata in Argentina. After his family returned to Spain in ...