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Article

S. J. Vernoit

[Abū’l-Qāsim]

(fl c. 1816).

Persian painter. His only known work is a long composition depicting the Qajar monarch Fath ‛Ali Shah (reg 1797–1834) entertained by female musicians and dancers. The only surviving fragments of it are a painting of the shah (London, B. W. Robinson priv. col.) and three paintings of the entertainers (Tehran, Nigaristan Mus., ex-Amery priv. col.). The paintings of a woman playing a drum and of a woman playing a stringed instrument are signed raqam-i kamtarīn Abū’l-Qāsim (‘painted by the most humble Abu’l-Qasim’) and dated 1816, but the third painting showing a woman dancing is half-length and damaged. All the fragments share the same continuous architectural background and scale (a little less than life-size). Robinson has suggested that this mural might be the one described in the mid-19th century by the traveller Robert Binning, who reported that the house he occupied in Shiraz contained a painting of Fath ‛Ali Shah seated in state attended by ten women. The composition extended around three sides of the room and the figures were almost life-size. This identification suggests that Abu’l-Qasim might have been a native of Shiraz....

Article

Marit Lange and Thea Miller

(b Holmestrand, Jan 21, 1845; d Oslo, March 25, 1932).

Norwegian painter . In the 1860s and early 1870s she took lessons in drawing and painting in Christiania (now Oslo) and also travelled extensively in Europe with her sister Agathe, a composer and pianist. She copied works in major museums and took occasional art lessons; she later considered this experience to have been of fundamental importance to her artistic development. Little Red Riding Hood (1872; Oslo, N.G.) is impressive in technique, and the early portrait of her sister, Agathe Backer-Grøndahl (1874; Holmestrand, Komm.), shows a refined colour scheme. At the age of nearly 30 Backer decided to train professionally as a painter and in 1874 went to Munich. She was never attached to a particular institution, but the influence of her friend the artist Eilif Peterssen was crucial to her development. In Munich she made a thorough study of perspective, which formed a secure basis for her later work. The work she did while in Munich reflects a study of the Old Masters in museums and is characterized by a preference for the historical subjects typical of the Munich school, as well as by an interest in the psychological portrait (e.g. ...

Article

Hungarian, 19th century, male.

Active in Budapestc.1834.

Painter, musician.

Franz Kaergling produced landscapes as well as historical and religious paintings. He was the son and pupil of Johann Tobias Kaergling.

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Active also active in Algeria.

Born 5 July 1817, in Narbonne; died 24 October 1887, in Mustapha, Algeria.

Painter, writer, musician. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Orientalism.

Lazerges studied under François Bouchot and David d'Angers. He first visited Algeria in 1842 and moved there around 1861. He was the father of Jean Baptiste Paul Lazerges. Jean Raymond Hippolyte Lazerges exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1840 to 1887 with, among other works, ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 January 1869, in Paris; died April 1934, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, landscapes. Wall decorations, frescoes, designs for tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

René Piot did wall decorations and theatre design had a certain vogue in the first years of the 20th century. After being part of the Nabis Group at the Académie Julian, he joined Gustave Moreau's studio in 1890, where he met Matisse and Braque. He was an Officer of the Légion d'Honneur....

Article

Polish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1732 (1730 ?), in Warsaw; died 23 August 1817, in Warsaw.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Historical subjects, portraits. Church decoration, murals, stage sets.

Jan Plersch studied in Augsburg with Goetz and then went to Vienna where he worked at the academy of fine arts. Plersch is known for his portraits of Polish kings and he also decorated Lazienki Palace in Warsaw with pilasters and painted three of its ceilings. He is known for his painting of ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1920 in the USA and from 1923 in India.

Born 27 September 1874, in St Petersburg, Russia; died 1947, in Naggar, India.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver (wood), illustrator. Historical subjects, religious subjects, military subjects, figures, landscapes, village views, architectural views, boats...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 2 November 1817, in Toulouse; died 20 March 1873, in Orléans.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman, musician. Religious subjects, portraits. Busts, statuettes.

Orléans: Portrait of Meyerbeer (plaster bust); Christ (plaster statuette)

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1869, in Hanau; died April 1949.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, watercolourist, pastellist. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stage costumes.

Franz Stassen was a pupil of the School of Drawing of Hanau under the direction of C. Fr. Hausmanns and of the private studio of Georg Cornicelius, then of the Hochschule für Bildende Kunst of Berlin. He wanted first to live in Munich but settled in Berlin where he made friends with Fidus and with other artists such as Franz Ebers and Melchior Lechter. He composed and exhibited his series of watercolours ...

Article

Serb, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1832, in Novi Sad; died 22 May 1926, in Belgrade.

Painter, musician. Historical subjects, portraits, local scenes.

Stefan Todorovic studied at the Vienna and Munich academies. He painted religious frescoes, icons, portraits and Serbian popular figures.