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Article

Ai Xuan  

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born in Nanjing.

Painter. Flowers, animals.

Ai Xuan specialised in flowers and birds and was a member of the academy of painting during the reign of Emperor Shenzong (1068-1085).

Beijing (NM): Aubergines and Cabbages (signed work)

Article

Aimi  

Japanese, 9th – 10th century, male.

Active in Kyoto 9th-10th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Aimi was the son and pupil of Kose no Kanaoka, the founder of the Kose school, and a member of the imperial bureau of painting. Like his father he painted mainly Buddhist subjects as well as imaginary scenes....

Article

Arihisa  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures.

Kose no Arihisa was the third son of Kose no Ariyuku and held important positions at court. His works include the portrait of two Mandarins and an image of Benzaiten, Goddess of Fortune. He worked at the temple of Kyoogokokuji in Kyoto between ...

Article

Ariie  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Activec.1321-1324.

Painter.

According to Brinkley, Ariie lived in Genko and was the son of Kose Mitsuyasu of Kyoto. His works include two handscrolls Gyogi-engi (Story of the Korean priest Gyogi) and Jizo-engi (Miracle of the Bodhisattva Jizo), as well as sixteen hanging scrolls of ...

Article

Ariyasu  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Active in Kyotoc.1326-1334.

Painter.

Kose School.

Ariyasu was the second son of Kose no Mitsuyasu.

Article

Korean, 6th century, male.

Active in Japan from 597.

Painter.

Prince Asa was the son of the King of Paekche (Kudara in Japanese) and went to Japan in 597 during the reign of Empress Suiko. A portrait in Chinese style was formerly attributed to him. It represents Prince Shotoku (who lived from 573 to 622) and his two sons (Princes Eguri and Yamashiro). The source of the attribution is the biography of Prince Shokotu compiled by the monk Kenshin of the Horyu temple. However, the figures portrayed in the painting show similarities with the Chommmoryujo byobu (Screen with Beauty beneath a Tree) in the Shoso-in, Nara, and the murals in the tomb of the Tang Crown Prince Yide (706). The portrait of Prince Shokotu in fact dates from the 8th century and its attribution to Prince Asa is simply legend. The painting was in the Horyuji Yamato temple and belongs to the Imperial Family....

Article

Chinese, 14th century, male.

Active in Sichuan Provincec.1356.

Painter. Landscapes, flowers, animals.

Bencheng was a priest. Among his known works is Cabbage, Sparrows and Insects, preserved in Japan and signed and dated 1356.

Article

Chinese, 15th century, male.

Active during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).

Painter. Flowers, fruit, birds.

Bian Chushan was the second son of the painter Bian Wenjin.

Article

Chinese, 8th – 9th century, male.

Active at the court of Chang’anc.785-802.

Painter.

Bian Luan was a painter of the Tang dynasty and the most important bird painter of his generation. All that remains of his work is one signed album leaf, Dove on a Branch...

Article

Chinese, 15th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 15th century.

Born in Shaxian (Fujian).

Painter.

Bian Wenjin was a painter at the court of two successive emperors at the beginning of the 15th century: Yongle (1403-1424) and Xuande (1426-1435). His work is a good illustration of the weaknesses of court painting during the Ming dynasty (...

Article

Bian Wu  

Chinese, 14th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 14th century.

Born in Beijing.

Painter. Animals, flowers.

Bian Wu painted many birds, bamboos, and rocks.

Berlin: Birds on a Branch above a Rocky Promontory (painting in the shape of a fan, signed...

Article

Chinese, 12th – 13th century, male.

Painter. Figures.

Song dynasty.

Bo Liangyu was a member of the academy of painting during the reign of Emperor Ningzong (1195-1225). He devoted himself to painting Taoist and Buddhist figures.

Article

Chinese, 14th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 14th century, during the Yuan dynasty.

Painter.

Bo Ziting was a Buddhist painter from Jiading (Jiangsu) who painted rocks and flowers.

Article

Bokkei  

Japanese, 15th century, male.

Active in the middle of the 15th century.

Died 1473.

Painter.

Bokkei was inspired by the work of Shubun (active 1425-1450) but developed a powerful style of his own under the spiritual influence of the Zen monk Ikkyu Sojun. His own successor Jasoku would found the Soga School, which is characterised by very sharp pen strokes....

Article

Bokusho  

Japanese, 15th century, male.

Born 1394; died 1469.

Painter.

Bokusho was a Zen priest and a contemporary of Sesshu. He lived in the Nanzenji temple in Kyoto and painted the ‘Bodhidharma’ of Jisho-in Temple, Kyoto, which is now registered as a National Treasure. He belonged to the ink painting school of the Muromachi period....

Article

Chinese, 14th century, male.

Activec.1308during the Yuan dynasty.

Painter.

Boyan Buhua was a Mongol noble who distinguished himself as a soldier. He painted dragons and landscapes.

Article

Bunsei  

Japanese, 15th century, male.

Active in the middle of the 15th century.

Painter.

Bunsei was a Zen priest who lived in the Daitokuji temple in Kyoto. He belonged to the ink painting school of the Muromachi period.

Article

Chinese, 13th – 14th century, male.

Active during the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368).

Painter.

Tokyo (National Mus.): Arhat Seated on a Rock (ink and light colours on silk)

Article

Chinese, 14th century, female.

Activec.1379.

Born in Qiantang (Zhejiang).

Painter.

Cao Miaoqing specialised in painting flowers but was also a poetess and calligrapher. She lived in Hangzhou during the reign of Emperor Hongwu (1368-1399).

Article

Chinese, 13th – 14th century, male.

Born 1271, in Huating (Jiangsu); died 1355.

Painter. Landscapes.

Yuan dynasty.

Cao Zhibai was a teacher at a government college during the reign of the Mongol emperor Kublai Khan (1264-1295). He then withdrew in order to devote himself to his Taoist studies and painting. He was a landscape artist and modelled his work on Guo Xi and Li Cheng....