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Article

Buson  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born 1716, in the village of Kema, near Osaka; died 1783.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist. Landscapes, animals. Screens.

Nanga School.

Buson was one of the creators of the Nanga (literati) School. It was only at the beginning of the 17th century that the ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963, in Jinan.

Painter, draughtsman. Figures, genre scenes. Wall decorations.

Cai Yushui graduated from Shandong Art Academy in 1985 and had his first solo exhibition in that city in 1988. In 1994 he won his first prize at an official show, the ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1944.

Painter, decorative artist. Landscapes. Stage sets.

Duan Zhenzhong graduated from the Central Academy of Arts and Crafts in 1964. He is currently chief set designer of the Beijing Film Studio. In 1989, he won the Coq d’Or for best set design....

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 26 December 1900, in Chengdu (Sichuan).

Painter, lacquerer. Landscapes.

Fang Yong was taught traditional Chinese painting from an early age. He continued to paint in this style after moving to France in 1919, but also taught himself to paint in a western style, while retaining certain Chinese elements through his lacquer work. He rarely exhibited. In ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1953.

Born 5 September 1925, in Japan; died 1 March 1982, in Paris.

Painter, decorative artist.

Paul Fujino first studied in Japan. Arriving in France in 1935, he attended the Académie Julian and the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts, where he worked under Souverbie, between ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in Paris from 1913, naturalised in 1955.

Born 27 November 1886, in Edogama, near Tokyo, baptised in 1959; died 29 January 1968, in Zurich.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), fresco artist, print artist (including lithography/etching/aquatint), illustrator, decorative artist...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist, installation artist, performance artist. Multimedia.

Hibino Katsuhito graduated from the design division of the fine arts department of Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music in 1982. He takes part in group exhibitions. He took part in the Sixth Sydney Biennial, and exhibited his work in a one-man show at Hajuku, Japan, in ...

Article

Oscar P. Fitzgerald

Technique for imitating Asian Lacquer. Once Dutch and Portuguese traders imported lacquer ware from the Far East after 1700, Europeans became fascinated by this technique. Originating in ancient China, it spread to Japan where it is still practiced in the 21st century. The process involved the application of up to a hundred coats of lacquer produced from the sap of the Rhus vernicifera tree, native to China, Malaya, and Japan. Despite attempts to discover the secret, Europeans could not duplicate the process. Since the sap quickly congeals it did not travel well and was toxic like poison ivy.

In 1688 A Treatise of Japanning and Varnishing by John Stalker and George Parker explained how to imitate the process by applying shellac dissolved in alcohol over a gessoed surface (see Stalker and Parker). Black was the most common color but red, white, blue, green, yellow, olive brown, and imitation tortoise shell (black streaked with vermillion) were also known. After designs were drawn on the surface, a mixture of red clay or sawdust, whiting, and gum arabic was daubed into the outlines and the raised images were sculpted with engraving tools and then colored with metal dust. A variation called ...

Article

Phylis Floyd

French term used to describe a range of European borrowings from Japanese art. It was coined in 1872 by the French critic, collector and printmaker Philippe Burty ‘to designate a new field of study—artistic, historic and ethnographic’, encompassing decorative objects with Japanese designs (similar to 18th-century Chinoiserie), paintings of scenes set in Japan, and Western paintings, prints and decorative arts influenced by Japanese aesthetics. Scholars in the 20th century have distinguished japonaiserie, the depiction of Japanese subjects or objects in a Western style, from Japonisme, the more profound influence of Japanese aesthetics on Western art.

There has been wide debate over who was the first artist in the West to discover Japanese art and over the date of this discovery. According to Bénédite, Félix Bracquemond first came under the influence of Japanese art after seeing the first volume of Katsushika Hokusai’s Hokusai manga (‘Hokusai’s ten thousand sketches’, 1814) at the printshop of ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Nagasaki (Fukuoka Prefecture).

Painter, engraver, decorative artist.

Kikuhata studied at the Fukuoka Prefectural Graduate School from 1950 to 1953. From an early, highly decorative, geometric abs­traction, he moved to hyperrealism. In 1964 he decorated the interior of Kanagawa Pre­fecture’s power station. In ...

Article

Japanese, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1861, in Tokyo; died 1939.

Painter, watercolourist, lacquerer.

Tama Kiyohara started by studying Japanese painting but switched to Western painting, studying with Vincenzo Ragusa, whom she later married. She left for Italy, where she worked with Lo Forte. She settled in Palermo and only returned to Japan in later years. She exhibited in both Rome and Palermo, won the Grand Prize at the New York International Exhibition and exhibited at the Venice Biennale. She mainly painted flowers and fruit....

Article

Koetsu  

Japanese, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active in Kyoto.

Born 1558; died 1637.

Painter, potter, draughtsman, calligrapher, decorative artist. Portraits, flowers.

Koetsu, a great calligrapher, painter, potter, decorator and patron of the arts, played a major role in the cultured world of Kyoto in the early 17th century. At this period, the city’s great merchants, grown wealthy from trade with China, were active in the cultural life of the city, giving themselves over to the tea ceremony, flower arranging, poetry and calligraphy. Koetsu was born into this potent environment to a celebrated family of sword polishers and appraisers who enjoyed the trust of the Ashikaga governors. He received a scrupulous education and followed in his father’s footsteps, while cultivating the art of calligraphy. With Konoe Nobutada and Shokado Shojo, he is reckoned as one of the Three Brushes of the early century. His art signals a return to the elegant calligraphy of the Heian period (794-...

Article

Korin  

Japanese, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1658, in Kyoto; died 1716.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Figures, portraits, flowers, animals. Screens.

Rimpa School.

Korin, a celebrated painter, may be regarded as the true successor of the genius of Sotatsu (fl. c. 1630), and the artist who carried it into the 18th century. His life is well known from the archives, notebooks, correspondence and collections of sketches which he bequeathed to his heirs. Born into a family of rich Kyoto clothiers who owned the important Karigane-ya shop, he spent a happy youth in cultured surroundings. His father, Ogata Soken (...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1905, in Jiangsu Province.

Painter, decorative artist.

Lei Guiyuan graduated from the national art academy in Beijing in 1926 and went to study in France in 1929. On his return he was appointed professor at the art academy in Hangzhou (Zhejiang Province), and later went on to become head of the art department at the University of Sichuan....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1967.

Born 25 July 1942, in Tyohashi (Aichi Prefecture).

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, watercolourist, lithographer, decorative artist. Landscapes, portraits, nudes. Posters.

After graduating from Musashino Art Univer­sity in Tokyo, where he studied from 1963, Morio Matsui went to Paris in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Kaifeng (Henan Province).

Painter, decorative artist. Birds, flowers.

Song Tao graduated from Kaifeng art academy in 1965 and went on to work as a painter and decorator in the Kaifeng arts and crafts studio.

Peintres traditionnels de la République populaire de Chine...

Article

Sotatsu  

Japanese, 17th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 17th century.

Died possibly in 1643.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Military subjects, figures, landscapes, animals. Screens.

Rimpa School.

Little is known of Sotatsu’s life and career: even the dates of his birth and death are unknown. He seems to have been born into a great merchant family, one grown rich from the cloth trade with China and the manufacture of brocade, and even though his family name is still unknown we do know that he used the so-called shop name ( ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, female.

Born 1932, in Osaka.

Painter, draughtswoman, installation artist, performance artist. Wall decorations.

Neo-Dadaism.

Groups: Zero, Gutai.

After graduating from art college in Kyoto, Atsuko Tanaka went on to study under the direction of Jiro Yoshihara. Already a member of the Zero...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 5 May 1895, in Tokyo.

Painter, decorative artist.

Tono Yasuhiko exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants, Salon d’Automne, and Salon des Artistes Japonais in Paris.

Article

Japanese, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1636; died 1713.

Painter. Horses. Screens, decorative schemes.

Kano School.

Kano Tsunenobu was the son and disciple of Kano Naonobu (1607-1650), and succeeded his father as head of the Kobiki-cho line of the Kano school in Edo (now Tokyo). In ...