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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 3 August 1955, in Bristol (Pennsylvania).

Painter, sculptor, video artist, installation artist.

Lisa Adams studied at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, in 1976; Scripps College, Claremont, California, obtaining a BA in 1977; and Claremont Graduate University, receiving an MFA in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Troyes.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, video artist.

Hélène Agofroy lives and works in Paris. The origins of Hélène Agofroy's sculptures can be found in the paintings of the Quattrocento. She is interested in the positioning of objects in Italian frescoes and paintings. She studies their multiple perspectival effects, then incorporates them into her sculpture. From common elements, such as wood, plaster and resin, Agofroy builds light, open worked sculptures of complex geometric design. They invoke overturned hulls, light cradles, or, as in ...

Article

Sofia Hernández Chong Cuy

American installation artists, active also in Puerto Rico. Jennifer Allora (b Philadelphia, Mar 20, 1974) graduated with a bachelor’s degree in art from the University of Richmond, Virginia (1996), and Guillermo Calzadilla (b Havana, Cuba, Jan 10, 1971) graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Escuela de Artes Plastica in San Juan, Puerto Rico (1996). Allora and Calzadilla met in Italy in 1995 during a study abroad program in Florence. They then lived together in San Juan for a year before moving to New York City where they started working collaboratively while each participated in different residency and study programs. In 1998–1999, Allora participated in the year-long Whitney Independent Study Program, while Calzadilla participated in the P.S.1 Contemporary Arts Center National Studio Program.

Allora & Calzadilla’s first important international exhibition was the XXIV Bienal de São Paulo in 1998 curated by Paulo Herkenhoff, which investigated the idea of cultural cannibalism known in Brazilian literature as ...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Mexico.

Born 1959, in Antwerp.

Painter, draughtsman, video artist, photographer, installation artist.

Francis Alÿs is of Belgian origin but has lived in Mexico since 1986. He trained as an architect at the Instituto Universitario di Architettura in Venice....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born January 1957, in Montpellier.

Painter, draughtsman, photographer, film maker.

Amarger met the group Letters and Signs in 1981. Since then he has participated in the groups activities, especially, according to him, in the domains of film and theatre.

His sculptural works occupy the domain of letters and the hypergraphic, meaning that of new signs having no previous meaning. Most often his graphic compositions in mixed media contain photographic materials....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1955, in Caen.

Painter, draughtsman, installation artist. Posters.

As well as being a painter and an installation and video artist, Jean-Luc André is also a theoretician and a member of the experimental music group Déficit des Années Antérieures (DDAA). He also teaches at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Bourges. He has initiated a series of movements, among them the Front de Brouillage International in ...

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1954, in Athens.

Draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, video artist. Multimedia.

Michalis Arfaras first studied painting at the school of fine arts in Athens between 1972 and 1974. He continued his studies at the college of fine arts in Brunswick in Germany where he specialised in engraving and produced book illustrations and comic strips. He now lives and works in Hildesheim where he teaches graphic art at the university....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in California.

Born 1940, in Cleator Moor (West Cumbria).

Painter, ceramicist, print artist, film maker, photographer. Textiles.

Conrad Atkinson graduated from Carlisle College of Art (1961), Liverpool College of Art (1962) and the Royal Academy Schools in London (...

Article

Ulrike Gaisbauer

(b Pressburg, Aug 28, 1940).

Austrian painter, writer, film maker and musician. While still at school he wrote short novels and songs, drew comic strips, composed pieces for ocarina and piano and was three times Austrian junior national yachting champion. From 1957 to 1963 he was a student at the Hochschule für Angewandte Kunst in Vienna. His sensual pictures, which express a totally egocentric personality, sparkle with lively imagination. They incorporate the idea of metamorphosis as a consistent leitmotif and are therefore always undergoing a process of transformation. The idea of beauty, as part of a wide-ranging aesthetic view of the world, often forms the core of his artistic statements and is the basis of his numerous actions.

Attersee’s invented words and objects, for example Food-ball or Prosthesis-alphabet, are the result of an intellectual exploration of ordinary objects in everyday reality, as well as of current linguistic patterns. From 1967 to 1968 he produced his ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 6 November 1963, in Argenteuil.

Painter, installation artist, video artist.

Stéphane Belzère studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1984 to 1989. From 1991 to 1993, he lived in Berlin, and he works in both Paris and Berlin....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Los Angeles since 1997.

Born 1964, in Grenoble.

Painter, video artist. Designs for stained glass.

Carole Benzaken was a student in Paris at the École des Arts Appliqués, and then studied under Kermarrec and Cueco at the École des Beaux-Arts. She won a prize for painting at the École des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century.

Born 1960.

Draughtsman, photographer, video artist.

Since 1991, Alain Bernardini has made photographs, drawings and videos in public parks, focusing on walkers, gardeners and park maintenance facilities.

Since 1992, he has shown his work in several group exhibitions, including; 1996, Collections from France...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963, in Neuilly-sur-Seine.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, installation artist, video installation artist.

Bismuth lives and works in London.

Having analysed ciphers for a long time (forenames, dialects, logos), he took up the phenomena of sound, image and text in the 1990s, taking his inspiration from the cinema. With ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1960.

Installation artist, painter. Multimedia.

Blaussyld presents installations made up of video recorder, table, mirror, speakers, texts and photocopies. He took part in 1994 in the exhibition Port of Call, Stopover, Stopoff ( Escale, Stopover, Tussenstop) at the Musée d'Art Moderne in Villeneuve d'Ascq. He has shown his works in solo exhibitions, including in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 26 May 1943, in Long Eaton (Derbyshire); died 14 October 2005, in London.

Painter, printmaker, draughtsman, photographer, film maker. Artists’ books.

Artist Placement Group.

Ian Breakwell studied at the Derby College of Art (1961-1965). After graduation, he moved to Smithfields in London. In the 1970s he was a member of the Artist Placement Group (APG) and was posted to the Department for Health and Social Security where he produced a film, ...

Article

[BHQFU]

Established in 2009, New York (New York), United States.

Art collective.

The Bruce High Quality Foundation is an anonymous artist collective that creates installations, videos, paintings, sculptures, performances, and exhibitions. The founding members keep their identities anonymous but are known to be a group of male artists who met while obtaining their undergraduate degrees at the Cooper Union in the late 1990s. The foundation is known for its tongue-in-cheek works, which use canonical art works as the basis for humorous, prank-style images and performances: in The Gate, Not the Idea of the Thing But the Thing Itself on New York’s Waterways (2005), the collective, in a tiny boat adorned by a replica of one of Christo and Jean-Claude’s Gates, chases after Robert Smithson’s Floating Island to Travel around Manhattan Island (1970).

In 2009, the collective established the Bruce High Quality Foundation University (BHQFU), an experimental art school that offers free art classes, lectures, and workshops. The artist-taught classes offered have ranged ‘from Painting Critique’ and ‘Sex-Ed’ to ‘Humor and the Abject’ and ‘Poetic Image for the People’. The BHQFU also offers a summer residency program. The school is frequently involved in actions to protest the high cost of art education in the United States....

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Kapellen.

Painter, draughtsman, photographer, video artist.

Conceptual Art.

Bruyninckx trained at the Institut de St Luc in Brussels. He takes basic elements from nature, a blade of grass, for example, and produces multiple representations in drawings, paintings, photographs, video and other media....

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Japan and the USA.

Born 8 December 1957, in Quanzhou City (Fujian Province).

Painter, draughtsman, mixed media, video artist, installation artist, performance artist.

Cai Guo-Qiang trained in stage design at the Shanghai drama institute from 1981 to 1985...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Sweden from 1974.

Born 1948, in Montevideo.

Painter, installation artist.

Between 1978 and 1981, Carlos Capelan studied at the Grafikskolan Forum in Malmö. He has been awarded numerous bursaries in Sweden, by the Pratt Institute of New York in ...