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Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1965, in São Paulo.

Sculptor, engraver, draughtswoman.

Elisa Bracher lives and works in São Paulo.Bracher is interested in ephemeral phenomena which she addresses in the form of liminal drawings, engravings and sculptures. At the Capc-Musée d'Art Contemporain in Bordeaux she installed metal carvings along the walls; these black and white, horizontal and vertical geometric forms of varying thickness talk to each other acquiring density and marking out a barely perceptible path....

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 16 February 1946, in São Paulo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver.

Carmela Gross began her training in the fine arts in 1969 at the Fundação Armando Álvarez Penteado in São Paulo and completed her studies at university, obtaining a doctorate in ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Montevideo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Figures, genre scenes, interiors.

The son of Basque immigrant parents, Ignacio de Iturria studied design and painting. He married in 1977 and moved to Spain, living in Barcelona in 1982. He returned to live in Montevideo from 1979 to 1982 and permanently in 1984....

Article

Jorge Luján-Muñoz

(b Guatemala City, Nov 26, 1944).

Guatemalan draughtsman, painter, sculptor, and printmaker. After studying at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas in Guatemala City from 1960 to 1964, he attended the Escuela de Arquitectura of the Universidad de San Carlos in Guatemala and in 1976 trained in graphic design at the Universidad Autónoma in Mexico City. He came to prominence as a draughtsman, concentrating on the harsh social and political situation in Guatemala, and published collections of images such as El cantar del tecolote (Guatemala City, 1970), Sobre la libertad, el dictador y sus perros fieles (Mexico City, 1976), and Música para embrujaditos (Guatemala City, 1986).

Ramírez Amaya also produced paintings, sculptures, and prints, in which he combined social criticism with an expressive and ironic depiction of misfortune in strange and often grotesque creatures. In general his work exudes existential anguish and demonstrates a desire for improving the quality of life. His painting ...

Article

Mexican, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Italy from 1980.

Born 1954, in San Cristóbal (Chiapas).

Painter, engraver, sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist.

Raymundo Sesma studied painting and silkscreen printing at the Casa de la Cultura in Aguascalientes and xylography in Guadalupe. He also studied painting and design at the university of the Americas in Puebla and in ...

Article

Teresa del Conde

revised by Deborah Caplow

(b Juchitán, Oaxaca, Jul 17, 1940).

Mexican painter, sculptor, textile designer, printmaker, and collector. He grew up in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, an area that was rich in legends, rites, and beliefs springing from a strong Zapotec tradition predating the Spanish conquest of Mexico. He began to draw and paint at a very early age, studying first in Oaxaca, where he produced linocuts in the graphic workshop run by Arturo García Bustos (1926–2017). In 1957 he moved to Mexico City to attend the Escuela de Diseño y Artesanía of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. After holding his first solo shows of gouaches and prints in 1959 in Fort Worth, Texas, and Mexico City, he moved in 1960 to Paris, where until 1963 he studied printmaking under Stanley William Hayter. While continuing to work within Western traditions, he became interested in the art of Asian cultures and in ancient Mexican art, especially in those forms that were not officially sanctioned....

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1964, in Rio de Janeiro.

Painter, sculptor, installation artist, mixed media, engraver.

Adriana Varejão was educated at the Escola de Artes Visuais do Parque Lage in Rio de Janeiro from 1981 to 1985. Her paintings are made up of signs and symbols evoking Brazil's history and culture. Influences from other places, particularly Asia, are also introduced into her work. Her 'sculpture-paintings', which are somewhat reminiscent of the decorative tiles of Brazil, are peeled away to reveal oozing and blood-streaked viscera, in reference to the holy martyrs that decorate the Baroque churches of Brazil as well as the colonial heritage of the country. She also creates enigmatic installations, for example she covered six glass bottles with dark paint and placed in each of them texts on different topics like cannibalism. Adriana Varejão is active in Rio de Janeiro, where she lives and she is well known in South America....

Article

Patricia Hills

(b Roxbury, MA, Apr 14, 1922; d Brookline, MA, Jan 22, 2015).

American sculptor, painter, printmaker, and teacher. Raised in Roxbury, a suburb of Boston, Wilson was the second of five children of Reginald and Violet Wilson, immigrants from British Guiana (now the Republic of Guyana). He attended the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston with a full scholarship and received a diploma with highest honors in 1945; a BS degree in art education followed in 1947 from Tufts University. With a fellowship from the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, he spent 1947–1949 in Paris, where he studied with Fernand Léger. Returning to Boston he taught briefly at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, married Julie Kowitch, and moved to Mexico City with a John Hay Whitney Fellowship. There he became friends with Elizabeth Catlett and her husband Francesco Mora, both active in the graphic workshop organized by leftist artists, the Taller de Gráfica Popular, where he worked. In Mexico he learned the techniques of true fresco, which had been popularized by Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros, and painted the mural ...