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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 26 March 1954, in New York.

Painter. Figures, landscapes.

Elizabeth Abrams studied at Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts from 1971 to 1975 and from 1975 to 1976 at the Pratt Institute of Design in New York. Overlapping with this, she studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 3 August 1955, in Bristol (Pennsylvania).

Painter, sculptor, video artist, installation artist.

Lisa Adams studied at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, in 1976; Scripps College, Claremont, California, obtaining a BA in 1977; and Claremont Graduate University, receiving an MFA in ...

Article

Andrew Weiner

(b Beirut, 1925).

Lebanese painter and writer active in the USA. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, Adnan was educated in Lebanon before going on to study philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and the University of California, Berkeley. For many years she taught aesthetics at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA; she also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities. During the 1970s Adnan regularly contributed editorials, essays, and cultural criticism to the Beirut-based publications Al-Safa and L’Orient-Le Jour. In 1978 she published the novel Sitt Marie Rose, which won considerable acclaim for its critical portrayal of cultural and social politics during the early years of the Lebanese Civil War. Adnan published numerous books of poetry, originating in her opposition to the American war in Vietnam and proceeding to encompass topics as diverse as the landscape of Northern California and the geopolitics of the Middle East. Her poetry served as the basis for numerous works of theater and contemporary classical music....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 12 November 1948, in Kankakee (Illinois).

Painter (mixed media). Scenes with figures, figures.

Born into a family of Sicilian immigrants, Nicholas Africano was raised in Kankakee, a small town south of Chicago. He studied art and literature at Illinois State University, graduating in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in New York.

Sculptor, painter, installation artist. Murals.

Ricci Albenda studied at the Rhode Island School of Design, including courses in architecture, receiving a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1988. His interest in architecture (as well as in graphic design and physics) figures prominently in his installation art, in which he creates environments which challenge the viewer's spatial perceptions. He uses such materials as fibreglass, wallboard, aluminium and acrylic paint. In his exhibition ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1968, in Buffalo (New York State).

Painter, graphic artist.

Laylah Ali studied at Williams College, obtaining degrees in studio art and English literature. She also studied with the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. She received a master's degree in fine art from Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri, in ...

Article

Nizan Shaked

(b Buffalo, NY, May 9, 1968).

American painter and draftsman. She studied English and Studio Art at Williams College, Williamstown, MA, graduating with a BA in 1991. Shortly thereafter, she attended the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program, New York, and completed her MFA in 1994 at Washington University, St Louis. Ali became known for her painting series Greenheads, in which round-headed characters perform choreographed activities against flat, light-blue backgrounds. These cartoon-styled allegories of American history and culture examine the sublimated or overt aggression inherent in activities such as team sports, ceremonies, military training, court marshaling and lynching. Referencing folk art or hieroglyphs, Untitled (Greenheads) (gouache on paper, 1998) depicts a sequence of disputes between uniformed characters and injured figures in athletic apparel. As with most of Ali’s oeuvre, the gestures and expressions of the figures communicate a sense of violent intensity, while the exact nature of the interaction remains enigmatic. Addressing the power dynamics of race, religion and gender, her scenarios respond to personal experience as well as local or world events, yet do not serve to represent them directly. Correspondingly, the single figures that appear in her later drawings and paintings display what initially seem to be specific ethnic tributes or dress codes, subsequently revealed to be invented and constructed by Ali. As it remains up to the viewer to interpret who these characters are or what may distinguish them as individuals, the perspective and biases of the viewer become part of the artwork’s meaning. The young, green-faced character in ...

Article

Sofia Hernández Chong Cuy

American installation artists, active also in Puerto Rico. Jennifer Allora (b Philadelphia, Mar 20, 1974) graduated with a bachelor’s degree in art from the University of Richmond, Virginia (1996), and Guillermo Calzadilla (b Havana, Cuba, Jan 10, 1971) graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Escuela de Artes Plastica in San Juan, Puerto Rico (1996). Allora and Calzadilla met in Italy in 1995 during a study abroad program in Florence. They then lived together in San Juan for a year before moving to New York City where they started working collaboratively while each participated in different residency and study programs. In 1998–1999, Allora participated in the year-long Whitney Independent Study Program, while Calzadilla participated in the P.S.1 Contemporary Arts Center National Studio Program.

Allora & Calzadilla’s first important international exhibition was the XXIV Bienal de São Paulo in 1998 curated by Paulo Herkenhoff, which investigated the idea of cultural cannibalism known in Brazilian literature as ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1981.

Born 22 August 1954, in Oakland (California).

Painter.

Mark Alsterlind studied at the University of Santa Clara before joining the Californian College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland where he obtained a MFA in 1980...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in St Charles (Illinois).

Painter.

Gregory Amenoff settled in New York. In 1994 he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts from the Massachusetts College of Fine Art in Boston. The same year he was appointed Professor of Art at Columbia University. In ...

Article

Chika Okeke-Agulu

(b Cairo, May 22, 1963).

American painter, sculptor, fibre and installation artist of Egyptian birth. Amer, one of the few young artists of African origin to gain prominence in the late 1990s international art scene, studied painting in France at the Villa Arson EPIAR, Nice (MFA, 1989), and the Institut des Hautes Etudes en Art Plastique, Paris (1991). She subsequently moved to New York. She is best known for her canvases in which paint and embroidery are combined to explore themes of love, desire, sexuality, and women’s identity in a patriarchal world. Amer’s use of Embroidery, historically regarded as a genteel female craft, to create images of women fulfilling their sexual desires without inhibition, recalls the provocations and strategies of 1970s Western feminist art. However, her work also reflects her alarm at the incremental curbing of women’s social and political freedoms in her native Egypt following the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, especially after the regime of Gamal Abdel Nasser ended in ...

Article

Native American (Choctaw), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1959, in Phoenix.

Beadworker, painter, fashion designer, glass artist , performance artist.

Marcus Amerman is a distinguished Choctaw artist who works in a number of media and in performance (as a figure called ‘Buffalo Man’) but is best known for creating his own approach to the Native American tradition of beadworking. Amerman has a BA in Fine Art from Whitman College in Walla Walla, Washington, and also studied at the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe and the Anthropology Film Center. He lives and works north of Santa Fe. Amerman uses a highly mimetic style in his beadwork to recreate, and hence reclaim, Indian images from history, as in his beaded version of the famous D.F. Barry photograph, ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 September 1951, in Rochester (New York).

Painter, draughtsman.

David Amico studied at California State University, Fullerton, obtaining a BA in 1974, and at Hunter College, New York in 1975. He has taught at Claremont Graduate School, at University of California, and at Idyllwild Arts. In the late 1970s and early 1980s Amico was particularly prominent among Los Angeles artists, making his large studio space on Broadway in Los Angeles available for shows and performances by other artists. Amico's work explores man's role in an inhospitable world and echoes the northern romantic tradition of painting. His hallmark, the letter C, can be found in a variety of styles in his work, and he appropriates elements of past historical traditions, assimilating and reworking them with his own additions. He received a Pollack-Krasner Foundation Award in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1955, in New York.

Painter.

Angie Anakis settled in Paris. She studied at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Her paintings and drawings contain allusions to ethnological themes and themes from African and Oriental mythology. The style of rock paintings and tribal art, as well as a fragmented depiction, is also seen in her work. Her principal themes are bereavement and resurrection, combined with the human body, living organisms and the carnal. Her style also carries religious meaning but, although the Cross and Calvary feature in her drawings, this does not make her art specifically Christian. The paintings dating from ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1954, in Syracuse (New York).

Painter (mixed media).

Doug Anderson has taken part in several group exhibitions, including shows at the Karl Bornstein Gallery, Santa Monica, California, in 1989; the Galerie Arteunido in Barcelona; the Stux Gallery in New York; in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1955.

Painter. Flowers, figures, landscapes.

Joe Andoe studied at the University of Oklahoma, Norman, receiving an MFA in 1981. He moved to New York City in the 1980s. In 1993 he became Honorary Chair of the College of Fine Art at University of Oklahoma....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1981, naturalised French.

Born 30 January 1955, in Los Angeles, of Armenian parentage.

Painter.

Symbolism.

Arès Antoyan is the son of the painter Kero Antoyan. He studied at the California Institute of the Arts. Foremost a painter of women, Antoyan chooses sex symbols as his models. In a sensual, dreamlike context that mirrors life and death, he dresses, or rather undresses, them and depicts them scantily clad and striking poses designed to stimulate a reaction in the viewer. In ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1956, in Humbolt (Tennessee).

Installation artist, painter, sculptor.

L.C. Armstrong lives and works in Brooklyn, New York.

1996, Pittura Immedia, Neue Galerie/Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz

2000, Twisted: Urban and Visionary Landscapes in Contemporary Painting, Van Abbe Museum, Eindhoven

2002, Life is Beautiful...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 10 April 1946, in Dayton (Ohio).

Sculptor, painter.

Charles Arnoldi studied at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles in 1968. He has travelled in Europe and Japan, and lives in Venice, California. He works in bronze, acrylic and canvas, often creating mural sculptures of painted branches organised as a great patchwork....