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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1938, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter, installation artist, environmental artist.

Conceptual Art.

BMPT Group.

Daniel Buren was a pupil in Paris at the École des Art Appliqués, then the École des Beaux-Arts, where he was a fellow student of Parmentier, Viallat and Kermarrec. In the 1960s he travelled very widely. Daniel Buren seldom takes part in group exhibitions, though there have been a few exceptions, such as the Paris Biennale des Jeunes of ...

Article

Mary M. Tinti

(b Houston, TX, 1951).

American sculptor, installation and conceptual artist. His multimedia works investigate the pathology of contemporary culture. Mel Chin was born and raised in Houston, Texas to parents of Chinese birth and received his BA in 1975 from the Peabody College in Nashville, Tennessee. The works in Chin’s oeuvre are diverse in both medium and subject, but a consistent undercurrent of social, political, and environmental responsibility runs throughout. Whether a sculpture, film, video game, installation, public project or earthwork, Chin’s artworks consistently targeted a broad spectrum of pressing cultural and ecological interests and spread their message in subtle, if not viral ways.

In the 1980s, Chin produced a number of sculptures that set the stage for his ever-evocative artistic journey. The Extraction of Plenty from What Remains: 1823 (1988–9) is a frequently referenced piece from this period. It is a symbolic encapsulation of the effects of the Monroe Doctrine, referencing the complicated dealings between the US (represented by truncated replicas of White House columns) and Central America (represented by a cornucopia of mahogany branches, woven banana-tree fiber, and a surface layer of hardened blood, mud, and coffee grinds). From the 1990s, however, Chin moved away from strictly gallery-based installations and began creating works that directly engaged contemporary culture in a variety of physical and theoretical landscapes....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1938, in Budapest, Hungary.

Draughtswoman (ink).

Conceptual Art, Environmental Art.

Agnes Denes started out as a painter, but abandoned this in 1968 in favour of what she described as a 'new visual, personal language'. She is one of the originators of Conceptual art, and a pioneer of environmental art, dealing with ecological, cultural and social issues in her work. In her images, geometric structures rigorously elaborated in ink on graph paper, she conceives reality as a structure incapable of being seized in its totality. She delivers a theoretical, mathematical and scientific reflection, a concept 'that dictates the method of representation' inspired by universal history. She has written several theoretical essays....

Article

(b Budapest, 1931).

American conceptual and environmental artist of Hungarian birth. She was educated in Sweden and the USA. In much of her work she presented analytical propositions in visual form, seeking to re-evaluate existing knowledge, and her work came to be seen as a process of investigation, incorporating both philosophy and science but also using elements of myth. In her book Map Projections she relinquished accepted forms of knowledge of the planet earth and sought new possibilities, presenting them in the form of drawings. Thus, for example, ‘longitude and latitude lines were unravelled, points of intersection cut, continents allowed to drift, gravity tampered with [and] earth mass altered.’ The element of game-playing in this was important, as was the belief in the possibility of changing our understanding of the world. Denes felt it was important to ‘accept the possibility that there may be no language to describe ultimate reality, beyond the language of visions’ (e.g. ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 9 May 1941, in Weert.

Painter, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Dibbets attended Jan Gregoor's painting classes in Eindhoven between 1961 and 1963. He was a student at St Martin's School of Art in London in 1967, then lived in Amsterdam. From ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Geneva.

Intervention artist, mixed media.

Conceptual Art.

Gérard Ducimetierre stages interventions and events, making observations on what he calls the planetary environment. He will launch an event simultaneously in different places around the world; these are ephemeral moments with no real importance, intended as an examination of the behaviour of a neutral object (such as a piece of paper) which is discarded at the same time in several towns around the globe. Alternatively, he will look at an object from a different angle, for example by planting a tree upside down....

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Active also in the USA.

Born 1941, in Amsterdam; died 17 August 2014.

Environmental artist, assemblage artist, painter (mixed media).

Conceptual Art.

Van Elk attended the applied arts institute in Amsterdam from 1959 to 1961. He also studied history of art at the Immaculate Heart College in Los Angeles ...

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 15 July 1937, in Velké-Hradné.

Assemblage artist, environmental artist, happenings artist.

Conceptual Art.

Stano Filko studied at the higher college of fine art in Bratislava. He began exhibiting in his country, Italy and France.

Filko attracted attention with complex assemblages of religious images and erotic photographs ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in London.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor, photographer. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

After studying in London at St Martin's from 1966 to 1968, Hamish Fulton went on to study photography in 1969. Fulton is interested in landscape and has much in common with Land Art, although his approach is quite different. Unlike Richard Long - with whom he travelled in South America - Fulton does not intervene on site. He builds his work around the physical impression that a space leaves on the body when walking, first in timeless photographs with brief captions and then, from ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Glasgow.

Video installation artist, environmental artist, video artist, performance artist, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Gordon studied at the Glasgow School of Art from 1984 to 1988 and at the Slade School in London from 1988 to 1990...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Bydgoszcz.

Painter, sculptor, environmental artist.

Neo-Constructivism, Op Art, Conceptual Art.

From 1953 to 1959, Zbigniew Gostomsky studied painting at the fine art academy in Warsaw, where he became a professor. He was also an actor and worked at Kantor's theatre ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1965.

Born 12 August 1936, in Cologne.

Environmental artist, installation artist, photomontage artist.

Conceptual Art, Art Sociologique (Sociological Art), Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Hans Haacke studied at different art schools, notably the school of fine art in Kassel, after which a bursary enabled him to travel to France and the USA, where he settled in ...

Article

Margaret Barlow

(b Gallipolis, OH, July 29, 1950).

American installation and conceptual artist. Her studies included general art courses at Duke University, Durham, NC (1968–70), and then painting, printmaking, and drawing at the University of Chicago before completing her BFA at Ohio University, Athens (1972). In 1974 she took summer courses at the Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, entering its MFA programme in 1975 and beginning her first work with language, installation, and public art. Holzer moved to New York in 1977. Her first public works, Truisms (1977–9), appeared in the form of anonymous broadsheets pasted on buildings, walls, and fences in and around Manhattan. Commercially printed in cool, bold italics, numerous one-line statements such as ‘Abuse of power comes as no surprise’ and ‘There is a fine line between information and propaganda’, were meant to be provocative and elicit public debate. Thereafter Holzer used language and the mechanics of late 20th-century communications as an assault on established notions of where art should be shown, with what intention and for whom (e.g. ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in Provincetown (Massachussets), USA.

Born 1930, in London.

Sculptor, collage artist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Peter Hutchinson exhibited in Geneva in 1994. His works of Land Art are recorded in photographs. He also produces imaginary landscapes based on photo-montages and found objects, accompanied by texts....

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Wielopole; died 1990, in Cracow.

Happenings artist, environmental artist, collage artist, painter (gouache), draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Cracow Group.

Tadeusz Kantor lived and worked in Cracow. He received his first artistic training at the academy of fine arts in Cracow until 1939. In 1947, in association with artists who had taken part in the underground theatre activities he had organised during the German occupation of Poland, he founded the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 31 January 1945, in Toledo (Ohio).

Installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Joseph Kosuth studied at the Toledo Museum School of Design from 1955 to 1962, the Cleveland Art Institute (Painting Department) from 1963 to 1964, and the New York School of Visual Arts ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Lutsk.

Painter, assemblage artist, installation artist, environmental artist, happenings artist.

Conceptual Art.

Edward Krasinsky started as a painter, then he developed a concept of the maximum decline of form while at the same time expanding its range. He combined a form of minimalism with the tendency to create action and prolong it in space and in real situations. He devoted himself to spatial compositions, the majority of which were made with flexible metal bars, pipes and cylinders. The distribution of these elements, the emphasis of light on their contact points, and the joints and intervals help to set the linear limits to the immediate space by piercing it with dynamic vectors while giving it a luminous quality intended as one of the creative elements. He started in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Glasgow and New York.

Born 28 April 1964, in Airdie, near Glasgow.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Conceptual art.

Jim Lambie studied in the Environmental Art department at the Glasgow School of Art (1990-1994). He was nominated for the Turner Prize in ...

Article

Alfred Pacquement

International art form that developed particularly from the late 1960s and early 1970s. It was part of a revolt against painting and sculpture and the anti-formalist current of the late 1960s that included Conceptual art and Arte Povera. A number of mainly British and North American artists turned their attention to working directly with nature, notably Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Walter De Maria, Michael Heizer, Dennis Oppenheim, Robert Smithson, and Richard Long. They created immense sculptures on the same scale as landscape itself, or exhibited written and photographic accounts of their excursions. With few exceptions, their works (also known as Earthworks) are almost inaccessible, situated far from human settlements in deserts or abandoned areas. Their lifespan was brief: little by little they were destroyed by the elements and often by erosion, so that for posterity they exist only in the form of preparatory drawings, photographs, or films. The works themselves were seen by only a small number of people and sometimes by only the artist....