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Lewis Kachur

(b Argenteuil-sur-Seine, Seine-et-Oise, May 13, 1882; d Paris, Aug 31, 1963).

French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. His most important contribution to the history of art was his role in the development of what became known as Cubism. In this Braque’s work is intertwined with that of his collaborator Pablo Picasso, especially from 1908 to 1912. For a long time it was impossible to distinguish their respective contributions to Cubism, for example in the development of Collage, while Picasso’s fame and notoriety overshadowed the quiet life of Braque.

His family moved in 1890 to Le Havre, where his father had a painting and decorating business. In 1897 Braque entered the municipal art school, where he met and became friendly with Othon Friesz and Raoul Dufy. He joined them in Paris at the turn of the century and, after a year of army service, settled in Montmartre in 1902. He began to visit the Musée du Louvre, where he encountered van Gogh’s work, and that October he began to study at the Académie Humbert, where his fellow students included Francis Picabia and Marie Laurencin. The following year he studied briefly with ...

Article

Swiss, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active since 1978 active in Germany.

Born 1951, in Lucerne.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), performance artist. Figures, nudes.

Body Art, New Fauves.

Luciano Castelli lives and works in Berlin. He appeared on the international art scene at the beginning of the 1980s, at the same time as German Neo-Expressionism and Italian Transavanguardia. He soon emerged as the key figure among what critics called the New Fauves. He practises a form of art in which performance, painting and concert are combined and complement each other. In ...

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1954, in Krno.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist.

New Fauves.

Mülheimer Freedom Group.

In 1968 Jiri Georg Dokoupil fled the former Czechoslovakia and went to live first in Vienna and later in the former West Germany. From 1976 to 1978 he attended various art schools in Cologne, Frankfurt and the Cooper Union in New York where he had gone with the particular intention of meeting Hans Haacke and Joseph Kosuth. In 1984 he was made course director at the academy of art in Düsseldorf....

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Wilhelmshaven.

Painter (mixed media).

New Fauves.

From 1969 to 1972, Fetting trained as a carpenter while simultaneously, completing his professional training in stage design at the Landesbühne (country theatre) in Wilhelmshaven. He went to Berlin and studied under Hans Jaenisch at the art academy until 1978. In 1977, with three other contributors, he had co-founded the Galerie am Moritzplatz, near the Berlin wall that divided East and West Germany. In 1978 Fetting obtained a German Exchange Grant (DAAD) to stay in New York. When he returned, he collaborated on many group paintings, and from 1976 to 1981 produced several films....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Augsburg.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, sculptor, photographer. Figures, nudes, landscapes. Stage costumes and sets.

New Fauves.

Hacker attended the art academy in Munich before settling in Berlin. In 1974, he was guest professor at the school of fine art in Hamburg. After producing works ascribable to kinetic art, Hacker became interested in the problems of creative activity, and displayed them in exhibitions alongside objects based on popular art. In ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1907, in Vienna.

Painter, installation artist.

Kinetic Art.

Paul Konrad Hoenich felt that his fauvist paintings did not succeed in representing light as he wished, and so embarked on the creation of works in which there would be movement deriving from the known course of the sun and the chance variations of the wind. He based his procedures on observations made at the Mount Carmel observatory near Haifa. He built a special installation for collecting rays of light which he called ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 14 June 1945, in Blekede; died 28 May 2007.

Painter, sculptor, installation artist. Scenes with figures.

Fluxus, New Fauves.

Jörg Immendorf studied at the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf, at first on the theatre design course under the direction of Teo Otto and then in the studio of Joseph Beuys. He taught at the art academies in Stockholm in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1945, in Donaueschingen.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media. History painting, interiors with figures, architectural views, landscapes, animals, flowers.

New Fauves.

Anselm Kiefer began studying literature, law and art at the University of Freiburg in Germany, then travelled in Italy, Switzerland and France. He was a pupil of Joseph Beuys at the Staatliche Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf at the beginning of the 1970s. He lived and worked at Hornbach/Odenwald, then in the 1980s he settled in France at Barjac in the Ardèche. Kiefer made his debut with conceptual performances, then created environments characterised by a taste for the splendours of antiquity, casting a slightly disillusioned glance in the direction of western culture as, for instance, when he fills a container with peas and slabs of lead to suggest a population census. What is memorable about these installations is the spectacular element: lead books weighing 675 lbs (300 kilos) collected together in a library of a hundred or so books, a cataclysmic atmosphere, which cannot leave the spectator unmoved; a rocket pointing skywards, broken glass and lumps of earth containing teeth brought together in ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 1 September 1938, in Copenhagen.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, performance artist, environmental artist. Landscapes.

Neo-Impressionism.

Fluxus, Nouveaux Fauves.

Per Kirkeby took a doctorate in geology and has participated in several scientific expeditions to Greenland, central America, central Asia and Ireland. In the 1960s, he was a member of the experimental art school in Copenhagen, which was close to the Fluxus group, and, in ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Dinklage.

Painter, watercolourist, collage artist. Scenes with figures, urban landscapes.

New Fauves.

Helmut Middendorf studied at the Hochschule der Kunst in Berlin from 1971 to 1979, where his teacher was K. H. Hödicke. He worked with Salomé, Luciano Castelli, Rainer Fetting and Bernd Zimmer in Kreuzberg (Berlin), under the collective label of ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1954, in Krefeld.

Painter (mixed media).

New Fauves.

Albert Oehlen studied at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in Hamburg, and lives and works there and in Spain. His output is enormous and very diverse, numerous modern or contemporary influences jostling with borrowings. He is not reluctant to cause controversy. In 1985, in the ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 13 February 1941, in Oels (now Olesnica), Poland; died 10 June 2010, in Cologne, Germany.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, photographer.

New Fauves, Citationism.

Sigmar Polke, the son of a blacksmith, arrived with his family in Thuringia in East Germany in 1945. In 1953 he moved to Düsseldorf in West Germany. In 1959 he studied glass painting in Düsseldorf, then between 1961 and 1967 he studied at the city’s academy of fine arts under the direction of Otto Goetz and Gerhard Hoehme. From 1970 to 1971 he lectured at the academy of fine arts in Hamburg, where he became a full member of the staff in 1977. He won, in 1966, the German Youth Prize, along with Klaus Geldmacher and Dieter Krieg; in 1975, the painting prize at the São Paulo Biennale; in 1982, the Grohmann Prize, awarded by the city of Berlin; in 1984, the Kurt Schwitters Prize, awarded by the city of Hanover; in 1986, the Lion d’Or Prize at the Venice Biennale; in 1995, the Carnegie Prize; and in 2002, the painting prize at the 14th Imperial Praemium, awarded by the Japanese artistic association. He lived and worked in Cologne....