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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features. Figures, landscapes. Statues.

Art Deco.

François Brochet was the son of the painter and playwright Henri Brochet, and was taught dance, theatre and puppeteering at home. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 December 1886, in Saintes; died 1986.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, decorative designer, sculptor, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, nudes, portraits, still-lifes, landscapes, animals. Designs for stained glass.

Japonisme, Art Deco.

School of Bordeaux.

René Buthaud worked first of all in Bordeaux under François Quinsac and then, ...

Article

Anne Winter-Jensen

[Jules, John]

(b Lancy, May 20, 1877; d Paris, June 7, 1947).

French sculptor, metalworker, painter and designer, of Swiss birth. He trained as a sculptor from 1891 to 1896 at the Ecole des Arts Industriels in Geneva and in 1897 was awarded a scholarship by the city of Geneva that enabled him to continue his studies in Paris, where Jean Dampt, a sculptor from Burgundy, introduced him to the idea of producing designs for interior decoration and furnishing. Dunand worked on the winged horses on the bridge of Alexandre III in Paris (in situ), while simultaneously continuing his research into the use of metal in the decorative arts. His first pieces of dinanderie (decorative brassware) were exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts of 1904 in Paris. In 1906 he gave up sculpture in order to devote his time to making dinanderie and later to lacquering. His first vases (e.g. ‘Wisteria’ vase, gilt brass with cloisonné enamels, ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 20 March 1877, in Lancy (Geneva); died 7 June 1942.

Painter (lacquer), decorative designer, coppersmith, sculptor.

Art Deco.

Jules John Dunand trained at the École des Arts Industriels in Geneva, along with the wood engraver François Louis Schmied, who would be his friend and collaborator for the rest of his life. Together, they went to work in Paris in 1897. Dunand was one of the artists employed to make groups of winged horses for the Pont Alexandre III, in readiness for the opening of the Exposition Universelle of 1900. He also managed to find time for his own work, and began exhibiting some quite conventional sculptures at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts....

Article

Erté  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1910 in France.

Born 1892, in St Petersburg; died 21 April 1990, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, stylist, decorative designer. Stage costumes and sets, designs for jewellery, furniture.

Art Deco.

The son of an admiral in the Imperial navy, Erté was a pupil of Ilya Repin in St Petersburg. He went to Paris at the age of eighteen, apparently attended the Académie Julian and was admitted to the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Jean-Paul Laurens' workshop. He began his career in 1913 with the couturier Paul Poiret. From that year onwards, he designed stage costumes for Mata-Hari, Mistinguett and Gaby Deslys and in 1914 he worked for the journals ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 15 March 1874, in Benrath, near Düsseldorf; died 1956, in Bad Dosen-Salmünster.

Painter, sculptor. Animals. Designs (decorative arts).

Jugendstil, Art Deco.

Leven worked in Düsseldorf and Bremen and taught at the Hanau Academy from 1910. He had a studio in Paris....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Troyes; died 1960, in Troyes.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, sculptor. Scenes with figures, landscapes.

Art Deco.

Maurice Marinot entered the studio of Fernand Cormon at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1901, but was soon excluded. Influenced by the Nabis, he aligned himself with the Fauves and ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 16 May 1872, in Münster; died 5 April 1943, in Baierbrunn (Upper Bavaria), in Munich according to other sources.

Architect, painter, draughtsman, illustrator, engraver, sculptor, interior designer, graphic designer. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes, portraits. Stage sets, designs (furniture).

Jugendstil, Art Deco...

Article

Wojciech Włodarczyk

[Pol. Rytm; Stowarzyszenie Artystów Plastyków Rytm: Rhythm Association of Plastic Artists]

Polish group of artists that flourished between 1922 and 1932, although Rhythm exhibitions continued to be held after the group’s disbandment (11 held up to 1932 by the group itself). Members included the painters Wacław Borowski (1885–1950s), Eugeniusz Zak (1884–1926), Tadeusz Pruszkowski (1888–1942), Zofia Stryjeńska and Romuald Kamil Witkowski (1876–1950), the graphic artists Tadeusz Gronowski (b 1894) and Władysław Skoczylas (1883–1934) and the sculptors Henryk Kuna (1885–1945) and Edward Wittig. The Rhythm group had no clearly defined programme. It emerged after the disbanding of Revolt (Bunt) and the Formists, before the advent of colourism and the avant-garde groups, with the aim of organizing exhibitions of a high standard. The Rhythm artists favoured classicism and appreciated stylized drawing, rhythmic compositions and decorative effects. They represented the Polish Art Deco style, and they achieved their greatest success at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris in ...