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Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958, in Baotu, Inner Mongolia.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

Socialist Realism.

Liu Guoxing comes from Inner Mongolia. He graduated in 1986 from the People’s Liberation Army art academy. He is also an art publisher in China.

Hong Kong, 30 April 1996...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Sichuan.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

Socialist Realism.

Luo Zhongli received a diploma from the Sichuan academy of fine arts in 1981, where he taught oil painting before leaving for Europe. From 1984 to 1986, he attended the royal academy of fine arts in Antwerp. Arguably his best known work in the West is ...

Article

Sergey Kuznetsov

(b Kutaisi, May 29, 1876; d Tbilisi, March 10, 1951).

Georgian sculptor. He was born into a family of artists: his father was a wood-carver, his brother Vasily a painter. From 1895 he studied at the Odessa school of drawing and first tried his hand at sculpture in 1896. The sculptor Georgy Gabashvili gave him encouragement, and shortly afterwards Nikoladze went to Paris, where he studied under Antonin Mercié, among others. In 1904 he was again in Paris where he switched from working in plaster to sculpting in stone and marble under the guidance of Emile-Antoine Bourdelle and Charles Despiau. The bronze Unemployed (1906; Sydney, priv. col.) was influenced by Rodin’s Burghers of Calais (1895; Calais, outside Hôtel de Ville). Nikoladze returned to Tbilisi a staunch supporter of Neo-classicism. Widespread recognition came as a result of his bronze monument to the poet I. Chavchavadze, Grieving Motherland (1910–12; Tbilisi, Mtatsminda Hill, pantheon of Georgian public figures), which portrays the figure of a woman under an ancient portal. The work is impressionistically vibrant yet precise and solid. Following this success, he was commissioned to represent numerous Georgian personages, past and present, including ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in Baku; died after 1960.

Painter.

An uncritical follower of the retrograde doctrine of Socialist Realism, mixing Populism and popular education, Tair Salakhov depicted the inhabitants of Azerbaijan and oil-well workers of the Caspian Sea; he also painted portraits in a more personal style. He was one of the official artists recognised by the Soviet government and represented Russian art at the Venice Biennale (...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1954, in Beijing.

Painter. Figure compositions, landscapes, animals.

Shao Fei was introduced to painting by her mother, Shao Jingkun, a trained artist of the Socialist Realism school. In 1970, she enlisted in the army and put her artistic gifts at the service of propaganda, designing posters. In ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in the second half of the 20th century.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

Socialist Realism.

Su Junliang was one of the peasant painters of Huxian. He was a member of the Wuman Brigade in Tawang People’s Commune. He probably should not be identified with Sun Junliang....

Article

M. N. Sokolov

( Nikolayevich )

(b Skobelev [now Fergana], Aug 19, 1886; d Tashkent, Dec 17, 1957).

Russian painter and draughtsman, active in Uzbekistan. He trained at the St Petersburg Academy of Arts (1908–10) under Vladimir Makovsky and at the Kiev Art School (1912–16) under Fyodor Krichevsky (1879–1947), then moved to Tashkent. Characteristic of Volkov’s early work are Art Nouveau features, as in Persian Woman (Moscow, Mus. Orient. A.). The influence of Cubism is combined with the ornamental flatness of Central Asian art in the Eastern Primitive series (1918–20; Moscow, Mus. Orient. A. and artist’s family’s col.). His monumental generalization of form and powerful colour harmonies, at times transformed into semi-abstract, futuristic rhythms, as in Caravan I (1922–3; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.), attained a special symbolic significance in the Pomegranate Teahouse (1924; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.), the artist’s best-known work. In Volkov’s hands scenes of rural labour typical of Socialist Realism (e.g. Girls with Cotton, 1932; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.) achieve a dignity comparable to that of the Mexican muralists. In later years Volkov’s work became more intimate, while retaining its power of expression and freshness of colour, as in ...

Article

Armenian, 20th century, male.

Born 1918, in Kars; died 1992, in Erevan.

Painter.

Socialist Realism.

Hovhannes Zardarian graduated from the Repin Institute in 1941. In 1956 he was named Honoured Artist of Armenia, in 1958 he became a correspondent member of Academy of Arts of the USSR, in ...