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Filipino, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Bohol, Philippines.

Sculptor. Figures, historical subjects, religious subjects, allegory, myths.

Napoleon Veloso Abueva graduated in 1953 from the University of the Philippines College of Fine Arts (UPCFA), where he was mentored by the first National Artist for Sculpture, Guillermo Tolentino. He received another scholarship from the Fulbright/Smith–Mundt Foundation and in ...

Article

Hilary Pyle

Irish painter and printmaker . He studied architecture at Bolton Street Technical School, Dublin, from 1961 to 1964. While acting as assistant to Michael Farrell in 1967, he was introduced to hard-edge abstraction and decided to learn to paint. His natural inclination was towards figurative art, initially in his use of the figure as a silhouette in the ...

Article

Iranian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1976, in Tehran, Iran.

Painter. Abstraction.

Ali Banisadr grew up in Iran during the early years of the Islamic Revolution and Iran-Iraq war. During this time, he drew the sounds he heard from tanks, guns, bombs, and vibrations. Referring to these drawings as ‘monsters’ that gave a visual reading to the sounds, Banisadr later recognized his sound drawings as a manifestation of synaesthesia, the ability for one sense to stimulate other bodily senses. Forced to flee his homeland at age 12, the artist relocated with his family to Turkey and then to San Francisco, California, in ...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 7 October 1930, in Riga, Latvia; died 11 February 2002, in Riga.

Painter, graphicist, draughtsman, and academician. Landscape, genre, still-life, human figure, and abstract subjects.

Boriss Bērziņš’s artistic training began in childhood when the electrician’s son was exposed to Russian Orthodox icons. He copied reproductions of famous paintings and took lessons from watercolourist Jānis Skučs. He studied at Riga’s Janis Rozentāls Art High School ...

Article

Latvian, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 6 September 1943, in Riga, Reichskommissariat Ostland (now Latvia).

Painter, scenographer, poster designer, graphicist, and book illustrator. Literary, allegorical and historical subjects; abstractions and symbolic representations; installations, performance, and soundworks.

Ilmārs Blumbergs spent his childhood in Siberian exile, then studied in the Department of Stage Design at Riga’s Secondary School of Applied Arts ...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 24 October 1943, in Vildogas parish, Riga district, Latvia.

Designer, sculptor. Environmental and kinetic sculpture, paintings, photomontage.

Valdis Celms played a crucial role in introducing kinetic and environmental art to Soviet-era Latvia, taking inspiration from both his Latvian predecessor, the constructivist Gustav Klucis, and his contemporaries in the Russian group Dvizhenie. After concluding studies at Riga’s Secondary School of Building (now Riga Construction College) in ...

Article

Filipino, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Sampaloc, Manila, Philippines; died 13 April 2013.

Painter, conceptual artist.

Roberto Chabet studied architecture at the University of Santo Tomas and graduated in 1961, the year he held his first solo exhibition, at the Luz Gallery. He achieved early critical success when he won first prize for his painting ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 July 1948, in Rives-sur-Fure (Isère).

Painter.

Jean-Pierre Durbiano was trained in the Ville de Paris studios. His painting exhibits various features familiar from the history of Abstract art. He has appeared in a number of collective exhibitions, especially in the Montmartre district. Since ...

Article

The term ‘expressionism’ refers in general to the deliberate distortion and exaggeration of forms for expressive effect in artworks. It may also be used with reference to particular historical or cultural iterations—as in (most commonly) German Expressionism, which refers to specific artists and practices of the early 20th century (...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 24 October 1962, in Riga, Latvian SSR (now Latvia).

Painter, graphic artist, multimedia artist. Allegorical subjects, abstraction and portraiture. Sculptural objects, conceptual installations.

Of the generation that came of age during Latvia’s transition from Soviet occupation to political independence, Kristaps Ģelzis distinguished himself as the most cerebral of that nation’s artists while, paradoxically, anchoring his work in intrinsic properties of base materials, the timelessness of simple forms, and labour-intensive craft. The son and younger brother of renowned architects, Ģelzis resolved to pursue another creative vocation, first studying violin while attending Riga’s 50th Secondary School, then taking preparatory classes for the Latvian Art Academy in lieu of attending the art high school. As a student in the academy’s department of graphic art ...

Article

Francis Summers

Scottish abstract artist. Johnston studied at Edinburgh School of Art from 1964 until 1969, when he completed his BA. He moved to London to study at the Royal College of Art, where he was awarded his MA in 1972. Resident in Edinburgh, he has exhibited extensively in America, especially New York. He formulated his method of working early in his career, concentrating on the simple format of wall based drawings with pencil. An early work, ...

Article

Francis Summers

American sculptor and painter active in Sweden. He studied at the State University of New York, Purchase, graduating in 1985. His work draws on his experience of working methods in the carpentry business. Unwilling to interfere with the material he chooses to work with, such as kitchen cabinets or unplastered walls, he reframes the work as a kind of pragmatic abstraction. His arrangements of modular furniture stripped of its original function, as in ...

Article

Anna Bentkowska

Polish painter. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (1965–71) under Stefan Gierowski. After a short period of abstract painting he began to create his ‘autobiographical paintings’, which he described as ‘subjected to perceived reality’ (1980 exh. cat.). At first Korolkiewicz painted rather naive, large-scale portraits of a little boy in childhood situations such as playing on a slide. He also depicted interiors and landscapes with photographic precision by means of transparencies. In ...

Article

Francis Summers

American painter. He studied at the School of Visual Arts, New York, from 1975 until 1977. He then went on to the California Institute of the Arts, Valencia. His early paintings were reminiscent of the work of Matisse, with saturated colour fields combined with schematically rendered images, such as his ...

Article

Peruvian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA since 1977.

Born 1947, in Peru.

Painter.

Ramiro Llona was originally a lyrical abstract artist but developed in the direction of a more ordered, figurative representation, which shows the influence of Matisse.

New York, 29 May 1985...

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1965, in Majorca.

Painter.

Ramis Sinev spent time in the USA during the 1990s. An abstract artist, he has built up contact in the USA with painters of a more naive style who incorporate a geometric dimension.

He has participated in group exhibitions (...

Article

Mexican, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1957.

Painter.

In Mexico, the work of Jorge Robelo, like that of many other abstract artists, has long been eclipsed by the celebrity enjoyed by the representational art of the post-revolutionary muralists.

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 27 April 1950.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman.

Didier Rochut graduated from the École Spéciale d'Architecture in Paris in 1977. In essence, he is an informal abstract artist, although he does not consistently repudiate realist elements in his work. His compositions, with their fields of colour, are reminiscent of those of Mark Rothko. Rochut exhibited his work at group and solo exhibitions. His solo shows have included: in ...

Article

American painter of Irish birth. He moved to England with his family in 1949. Scully studied at Croydon College of Art (1965–7), and then studied and taught at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne (1967–71), and in the USA at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Paris.

Painter (mixed media).

Groupe Supports-Surfaces, 1968-1971.

André Valensi's work has unmistakably been influenced by American abstract artists such as Pollock, whose 'all over' compositions drew exploratory work by the likes of Newman, Reinhardt or even Rothko. The movement gained currency in France in the 1970s. Valensi views his compositions as a function of their physical presence and, like the other members of Supports-Surfaces, regards the act of painting as the proper subject of the painting itself. In this vein, Valensi produced a major series of canvases for which he cut up another canvas, previously impregnated with paint, and juxtaposed pieces of it both face-up and face down on the same surface. In this recto/verso approach - where paintings are deconstructed only to be reconstructed - Valensi accords the highest priority to the paint itself. The painting is no longer a canvas screen or a covered surface but an act of penetration, with a dark brown base used as a point of departure for disparate blues, reds, yellows and violets....