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British, 20th century, male.

Born 19 August 1907, in Walberswick (Suffolk); died 24 September 1950, in Poros, Greece, as the result of an accident.

Painter (mixed media), filmmaker, theatre designer, photographer, poet.

English Surrealist Group.

Humphrey Jennings was a noted English filmmaker and photographer. He was active with the English Surrealists until ...

Article

New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Active from 1944 in the USA.

Born 1901, in Christchurch; died 1980, in New York.

Sculptor, filmmaker.

Kinetic Art.

7&5 Society, English Surrealist Group.

Len Lye travelled to Samoa in 1923, to study the aesthetic use of movement in Oceanian and Pacific art. He settled in London in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Antwerp; died 1993.

Collage artist, photomontage artist, writer, photographer, film maker.

Brussels Surrealist Group, Hainaut Surrealist Group.

Marcel Mariën was a self-taught artist who started out in 1934-1936 as an apprentice photographer. He went on to work as an apprentice stockbroker. In ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 December 1861; died 1938, in Orly.

Film maker, draughtsman.

Méliès made more than 4,000 films. As a draughtsman, his unusual drawings in a pre-Surrealist spirit were a precursor of animated cartoons.

Lefebvre, Thierry: ‘Méliès la tempête optique’ in ...

Article

Montage  

Tom Williams

Term that refers to the technique of organizing various images into a single composition in both film and visual art. It is also frequently applied to musical and literary works that emphasize fragmentation and paratactic construction. In film, the term typically refers to the organization of individual shots to create a larger structure or narrative. This technique was developed most systematically by the film makers of the 1920s Russian avant-garde such as Sergey Eisenstein (1898–1948), Lev Kuleshov (1899–1970), and Vsevolod Pudovkin (1893–1953). In visual art, the term refers to the juxtaposition of disparate images in Collage and particularly Photomontage. Although this use of montage has a number of historical precursors, it was developed primarily in the 1910s and 1920s by artists associated with Dada, Surrealism, and Russian Constructivism such as George Grosz, John Heartfield, Hannah Höch, and Aleksandr Rodchenko. During the period after World War II, the technique became an increasingly routine practice in both advertising and the fine arts. In the late 20th century it has been most associated with the work of such figures as ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1961.

Assemblage artist, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Françoise Quardon works by collating, modifying and personalising. She refers to her Surrealist installations as 'psycho objects' and to her exhibits as 'psycho bric-a-brac' which reveals her emotions and her occasionally troubled sense of self....