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Christina Lodder

(Vasil’yevich)

(b Nizhny Novgorod, 1861; d Leningrad [now St Petersburg], Oct 14, 1934).

Russian painter, patron, musician, writer and publisher. He pursued a highly original line of artistic thought and practice and developed an organic perception of the world, deriving his inspiration from nature rather than machines, unlike many of his Russian Constructivist contemporaries.

Matyushin trained initially as a musician at the Moscow Conservatory (1878–81) and played the violin in the Court orchestra in St Petersburg from 1881 to 1913. In 1889 he began to attend the School of the Society for the Encouragement of the Arts in St Petersburg, where he studied painting with Yan Tsionglinsky (d 1914). In Tsionglinsky’s studio he met the artist and writer Yelena Guro, whom he married. Later (1906–8) he studied with the World of Art (Mir Iskusstva) painters Léon Bakst and Mstislav Dobuzhinsky at the Zvantseva School of Art in St Petersburg.

In 1909 Matyushin briefly joined the circle around Nikolay Kul’bin and the following year he founded the ...

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Winston  

Diane Tepfer

American collectors. Lydia Winston [née Kahn] (b Detroit, MI, 13 Nov 1897; d New York, 14 Oct 1989), ceramicist and daughter of Albert Kahn, and her husband Harry Lewis Winston (d 1965) became the major collectors of Italian Futurist art outside Italy. Lydia Winston studied ceramics at the Cranbrook Academy of Art and for a short while designed ceramics for the Saarinen partnership. She began collecting in the late 1930s, supported enthusiastically by Harry Winston. In addition to the Futurists, she acquired (sometimes directly from the artists) major works by Léger (Seated Woman, 1912), Miró (the Brothers Fratellini, 1927), Brancusi (the Blonde Negress, 1933), Jackson Pollock (Moon Vessel, 1945) and Mondrian (Composition in Black and White with Blue Square, 1935), and a large body of work by Karel Appel and other Cobra artists. Several dealers and specialists guided her. Alfred Stieglitz instilled in her the concept of responsibility; she never sold or traded in art. Rose Fried, who ran the Pinacoteca Gallery in New York, first suggested in ...