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Article

Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Born 1888, in Kiev; died 1986 (or 1979).

Sculptor, print artist, illustrator.

Constructivism, Socialist Realism.

Iosif Chaikov studied in Paris, at the École des Arts Décoratifs, in 1912-1913 at the École des Beaux-Arts, and under the Russian sculptor Naum Aronson from ...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1868 or 1869, in Amsterdam; died 1938, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, fresco artist. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Symbolism, Constructivism.

Holst studied at the Hogeschool voor de Kunsten in Amsterdam from 1885 until 1890 and taught there ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1953, in Leningrad.

Book artist, printmaker (lithography), graphic artist.

Mikhail Karasik graduated with an art-graphics degree from the Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute. He is credited with pioneering the form of the artists’ book in Russia. Not only did he make them, he also encouraged his contemporaries to do so as well by curating numerous exhibitions and organising collective books, for example the ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1933 and naturalised from 1953.

Born 8 April 1910, in Lüneburg; died 19 October 1991, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator.

Constructivism.

Jean Leppien was born into an old Huguenot family that had settled in northern Germany and been active in commerce and as members of the clergy. He started to draw and paint in 1927 and enrolled as a student at the Bauhaus in Dessau two years later, where he studied under Albers, Klee and Kandinsky (whose writings he later translated into French at the request of Nina Kandinsky). 1931 and 1932 saw Leppien in Berlin, where he painted alongside Moholy-Nagy and studied photography with Lucia Moholy at the Johannes Itten school....

Article

John Milner

[Lisitsky, El’ ; Lisitsky, Lazar’ (Markovich )]

(b Pochinok, Smolensk province, Nov 23, 1890; d Moscow, Dec 30, 1941).

Russian draughtsman, architect, printmaker, painter, illustrator, designer, photographer, teacher, and theorist.

After attending school in Smolensk, he enrolled in 1909 at the Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, to study architecture and engineering. He also travelled extensively in Europe, however, and he made a tour of Italy to study art and architecture. He frequently made drawings of the architectural monuments he encountered on his travels. These early graphic works were executed in a restrained, decorative style reminiscent of Russian Art Nouveau book illustration. His drawings of Vitebsk and Smolensk (1910; Eindhoven, Stedel. Van Abbemus.), for example, show a professional interest in recording specific architectural structures and motifs, but they are simultaneously decorative graphic works in their own right and highly suitable for publication. This innate awareness of the importance of controlling the design of the page was to remain a feature of Lissitzky’s work throughout radical stylistic transformations. He also recorded buildings in Ravenna, Venice, and elsewhere in Italy in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1890 , in Polschinock, in the Smolensk region; died 1941 , in Schodnia, near Moscow.

Architect, painter, sculptor, draughtsman, graphic designer, typographer, poster artist, illustrator, lithographer, photomontage artist, photographer, writer, collage artist. Stage sets.

Constructivism, Suprematism.

Obshchestvo Khudoznikov 4 Iskusstva (Four Arts Society), Vkhutemas...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in St Petersburg; died 1956, in Moscow.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, graphic designer.

Constructivism.

Obshchestvo Khudoznikov 4 Iskusstva (Four Arts Society of Artists).

Petr Vassilievitch Mitouritch was a pupil at the military school of Pskov from 1899 to 1905, and at the institute of art in Kiev ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1893, in Schwann (Württemberg); died 1969, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator.

Constructivism, Socialist Realism.

Die Abstakten Group, Gruppe Progressiver Künstler (Progressive Art Group), ASSO Group (Association of Revolutionary Figuration Artists).

Oskar Nerlinger was one of Carl Jordan's pupils at the school of applied arts in Strasbourg and then ...