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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 August 1932, in Poyanne (Landes).

Sculptor, draughtsman. Monuments, jewels.

Neo-Constructivism.

Vincent Batbedat settled in Paris in 1950 and studied at the École Spéciale d'Architecture and then at the École des Beaux-Arts while attending the Académie Julian. In this period he concentrated on sculpture. In ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or masons’ lodges. The school re-established workshop training, as opposed to impractical academic studio education. Its contribution to the development of Functionalism in architecture was widely influential. It exemplified the contemporary desire to form unified academies incorporating art colleges, colleges of arts and crafts and schools of architecture, thus promoting a closer cooperation between the practice of ‘fine’ and ‘applied’ art and architecture. The origins of the school lay in attempts in the 19th and early 20th centuries to re-establish the bond between artistic creativity and manufacturing that had been broken by the Industrial Revolution. According to Walter Gropius in ...

Article

Hans Frei

(b Winterthur, Dec 22, 1908; d Zurich, Dec 9, 1994).

Swiss architect, sculptor, painter, industrial designer, graphic designer and writer. He attended silversmithing classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich from 1924 to 1927. Then, inspired by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925), Paris, by the works of Le Corbusier and by a competition entry (1927) for the Palace of the League of Nations, Geneva, by Hannes Meyer and Hans Wittwer (1894–1952), he decided to become an architect and enrolled in the Bauhaus, Dessau, in 1927. He studied there for two years as a pupil of Josef Albers, László Moholy-Nagy, Paul Klee and Vasily Kandinsky, mainly in the field of ‘free art’. In 1929 he returned to Zurich. After working on graphic designs for the few modern buildings being constructed, he built his first work, his own house and studio (1932–3) in Zurich-Höngg; although this adheres to the principles of the new architecture, it retains echoes of the traditional, for example in the gently sloping saddle roof....

Article

Georgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1973, naturalised in 1979.

Born 12 June 1942, in Tbilisi.

Sculptor.

Neo-Constructivism.

Mir group.

Garry Faïf first trained at the institute of architecture in Moscow, where he was especially interested in Suprematism and Constructivism. In 1966-1967 he founded the kineticist-constructive ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1890 , in Polschinock, in the Smolensk region; died 1941 , in Schodnia, near Moscow.

Architect, painter, sculptor, draughtsman, graphic designer, typographer, poster artist, illustrator, lithographer, photomontage artist, photographer, writer, collage artist. Stage sets.

Constructivism, Suprematism.

Obshchestvo Khudoznikov 4 Iskusstva (Four Arts Society), Vkhutemas...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1933 active in England.

Born 13 June 1899, in Budapest; died 1967, in London.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, sculptor. Architectural integration.

Constructivism.

MA Group, Artists' International Association.

Laszlo Peri was a mason in Budapest and studied architecture there. He spent time in Vienna and Paris in 1919, and Russia in 1920, before settling in 1921 in Berlin for 13 years. There he worked as an architect for the municipal council. When Hitler came to power in 1933, he moved to London, where he worked as a painter, graphic designer and architect, taking the name Peter Peri. From 1918 to 1920 he produced designs influenced by Central European Expressionism. From 1921 he was with his compatriot Moholy-Nagy in Berlin; he joined the Constructivist movement and was a co-signatory, with Erno Kallai, Moholy-Nagy and Kemeny, of a manifesto on Constructivism in the Berlin magazine ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Andijk.

Sculptor, sculptor of assemblages, painter. Architectural integration.

Neo-Constructivism.

Volten worked as a painter and lived in the north of Amsterdam in the industrial district. It was among the workers that he learned to forge, rivet and weld metal after which he launched into sculpture in ...