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Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Liège; died 1995.

Painter, collage artist, watercolourist, illustrator, decorative designer, designer.

Futurism, Constructivism.

Groupe 7 Arts.

Baugniet attended the art academy in Brussels where he studied under the Belgian Symbolist painter Jean Delville. He married the dancer and painter Akarova (Marguerite Acarin). His early paintings were figurative, and he was then influenced by French Cubism and international Constructivism. In 1922, Baugniet became a member of the Belgian group ...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 23 September 1955, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, illustrator. Landscapes, nudes.


Louis Chagnon taught history and geography from 1987 to 1995, before taking up painting full-time. He was awarded the Prix Artcolle at the 6th Salon de Collage Contemporain, in Paris in ...


Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Born 1888, in Kiev; died 1986 (or 1979).

Sculptor, print artist, illustrator.

Constructivism, Socialist Realism.

Iosif Chaikov studied in Paris, at the École des Arts Décoratifs, in 1912-1913 at the École des Beaux-Arts, and under the Russian sculptor Naum Aronson from ...


Aleca le Blanc

(b Grão Mogol, Minas Gerais State, April 25, 1944; d Montes Claros, Minas Gerais State, March 28, 1986). Brazilian painter. Colares worked in Rio de Janeiro during the country’s military dictatorship (1964–85), his work synthesizing the Constructivist sensibilities of Brazil’s Concrete artists of the 1950s with the rapidly expanding urban visual culture of Rio de Janeiro. Originally from a small rural town, Colares moved to Rio de Janeiro to study art in ...


Marco Livingstone

English painter, draughtsman and illustrator. After studying in London at St Martin’s School of Art (1968–72) and at the Royal College of Art (1972–5), Crowley began painting in a playful post-Cubist idiom. In works such as So and Sew (1980...


Christopher Green

Spanish painter, draughtsman, illustrator and writer, active in France. His artistic career was spent almost exclusively in France, where he was considered one of the leading Cubist painters from 1912 until his death. An artist valued for the depth and consistency of his approach rather than as an innovator, he is recognized for his independent and distinctive approach to Cubism and as one of its most influential later practitioners and theoreticians....


Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1868 or 1869, in Amsterdam; died 1938, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, fresco artist. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Symbolism, Constructivism.

Holst studied at the Hogeschool voor de Kunsten in Amsterdam from 1885 until 1890 and taught there ...


Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1953, in Leningrad.

Book artist, printmaker (lithography), graphic artist.

Mikhail Karasik graduated with an art-graphics degree from the Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute. He is credited with pioneering the form of the artists’ book in Russia. Not only did he make them, he also encouraged his contemporaries to do so as well by curating numerous exhibitions and organising collective books, for example the ...


Mark Haworth-Booth

American designer and painter, active in England. He studied painting first, at evening classes at the Mark Hopkins Institute, San Francisco (1910–12), at the Art Institute of Chicago, with lettering (1912), and in Paris at the Académie Moderne (1913–14). In ...


German, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1933 and naturalised from 1953.

Born 8 April 1910, in Lüneburg; died 19 October 1991, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator.


Jean Leppien was born into an old Huguenot family that had settled in northern Germany and been active in commerce and as members of the clergy. He started to draw and paint in 1927 and enrolled as a student at the Bauhaus in Dessau two years later, where he studied under Albers, Klee and Kandinsky (whose writings he later translated into French at the request of Nina Kandinsky). 1931 and 1932 saw Leppien in Berlin, where he painted alongside Moholy-Nagy and studied photography with Lucia Moholy at the Johannes Itten school....


John Milner

Russian draughtsman, architect, printmaker, painter, illustrator, designer, photographer, teacher, and theorist.

After attending school in Smolensk, he enrolled in 1909 at the Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, to study architecture and engineering. He also travelled extensively in Europe, however, and he made a tour of Italy to study art and architecture. He frequently made drawings of the architectural monuments he encountered on his travels. These early graphic works were executed in a restrained, decorative style reminiscent of Russian Art Nouveau book illustration. His drawings of Vitebsk and Smolensk (...


Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1890 , in Polschinock, in the Smolensk region; died 1941 , in Schodnia, near Moscow.

Architect, painter, sculptor, draughtsman, graphic designer, typographer, poster artist, illustrator, lithographer, photomontage artist, photographer, writer, collage artist. Stage sets.

Constructivism, Suprematism.

Obshchestvo Khudoznikov 4 Iskusstva (Four Arts Society), Vkhutemas...


Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in St Petersburg; died 1956, in Moscow.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, graphic designer.


Obshchestvo Khudoznikov 4 Iskusstva (Four Arts Society of Artists).

Petr Vassilievitch Mitouritch was a pupil at the military school of Pskov from 1899 to 1905, and at the institute of art in Kiev ...


German, 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1893, in Schwann (Württemberg); died 1969, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator.

Constructivism, Socialist Realism.

Die Abstakten Group, Gruppe Progressiver Künstler (Progressive Art Group), ASSO Group (Association of Revolutionary Figuration Artists).

Oskar Nerlinger was one of Carl Jordan's pupils at the school of applied arts in Strasbourg and then ...


Jan Rous

Czech painter and illustrator. Although he was resident in France from 1921, he remained in close contact with contemporary Czech art, especially Surrealism, and with Czech poetry. He participated in a number of exhibitions in Czechoslovakia (e.g. of the Devětsil Union of Artists, and the international exhibition ...


Russian, 20th century, female.

Born 1892, in Droskovo, Orlov; died 1966.

Painter (including gouache), graphic artist, illustrator.


Antonina Fiodorovna Sofronova studied at F.I. Rerberg's art school and I.I. Mashkov's studio in Moscow from 1910 to 1917. In 1914 she joined the Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds) group. In ...


Lithuanian, 20th century, female.

Born 5 November 1894, in Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania; died 20 May 1958, in Moscow.

Painter (including gouache), collage artist, photomontage artist, designer, graphic designer, illustrator, poet, writer and theorist. Figures, landscapes. Stage sets, artist's books.

Constructivism. Productivist group. VKhUTEMAS.

Varvara Stepanova studied at the Kazan School of Art in Moscow in ...


Polish, 20th century, female.

Active after 1937 in the USA.

Born 1895, in Warsaw; died 1950, in New York.

Sculptor, illustrator, poster artist.


Blok Group.

Teresa Zarnower was a militant communist who contributed to a number of avant-garde reviews. In 1923 she exhibited at the Der Sturm gallery in Berlin. In ...