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German, 20th century, male.

Active in Switzerland.

Born 1910, in Dessau.

Painter. Stage sets.

Having been a student on Oscar Schlemmer's theatrical course at the Bauhaus from 1927 to 1931, Roman Clemens settled in Zurich and followed his chosen profession in the city's theatres, painting stage sets....

Article

Vivian Endicott Barnett

[Vassily; Wassily] (Vasil’yevich)

(b Moscow, Dec 4, 1866; d Neuilly-sur-Seine, Dec 13, 1944).

Russian painter, printmaker, stage designer, decorative artist and theorist. A central figure in the development of 20th-century art and specifically in the transition from representational to abstract art, Kandinsky worked in a wide variety of media and was an important teacher and theoretician. He worked mainly outside Russia, but his Russian heritage continued to be an important factor in his development.

Kandinsky grew up in Odessa and from 1886 to 1893 studied economics, ethnography and law in Moscow, where he wrote a dissertation on the legality of labourers’ wages. He married his cousin Anya Shemyakina in 1892 (divorced 1911). In 1896 Kandinsky decided to become an artist and went to Munich. There he studied from 1896 to 1898 at the art school of Anton Ažbe, where he met Alexei Jawlensky and Marianne von Werefkin, and then in 1900 at the Akademie with Franz von Stuck. The following year he was a co-founder of the ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1907, in Leipzig; died 1964, in Berlin.

Painter, designer.

Neidenberger studied scenography at the school of applied arts in Leipzig, and learned mural painting and architectural decoration at the Bauhaus from 1929 to 1932. He was one of the many Bauhaus pupils who was attracted to a career in the applied arts. From ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1936.

Born 1904, in Basel; died 1979, in Locarno.

Painter. Landscapes. Stage sets.

Xanti Schawinsky trained as an architect before studying at the Bauhaus from 1924 to 1929, following various disciplines (painting, design, photography, graphics and, above all, theatre). He worked as a decorator/set designer in Magdeburg (1929-1933) and in Italy (1933-1936). At the urging of Josef Albers, Schawinsky emigrated to the USA in 1936 and taught painting at Black Mountain College in North Carolina while continuing to hone his own personal style and technique. From 1938 he devoted himself entirely to painting and from 1961 divided his time between the USA and Switzerland, where he painted mountain landscapes and completed his series entitled ...

Article

Karin von Maur

(b Stuttgart, Sept 4, 1888; d Baden-Baden, April 13, 1943).

German painter, sculptor, choreographer and stage designer. After the death of his parents he lived with his sister at Göppingen, and in Stuttgart from 1903 to 1905 he served an apprenticeship at a workshop specializing in marquetry while attending classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule. He continued his studies on a bursary from 1906 to 1911 at the Kunstakademie in Stuttgart under the plein-air landscape painters Christian Landenberger (1862–1927) and Friedrich von Keller (1840–1914). In 1911–12 he lived in Berlin, where he produced paintings such as Hunting Lodge, Grunewald (1911; Stuttgart, Staatsgal.) and Self-portrait (1912; Stuttgart, Staatsgal.) under the influence of Cubism. After returning to Stuttgart, Schlemmer studied under Adolf Hölzel, whose theory of pictorial methods made him a pioneer of abstract art and who gathered around him an international circle of students that included Willi Baumeister and the Swiss artists Otto Meyer-Amden and Johannes Itten, with whom Schlemmer became friends....