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Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Tuchow, Poland; died 18 June 1992.


After receiving a classical grounding in the arts, Mordecai Ardon left Poland and studied at the Bauhaus from 1920 to 1925, working under the direction of Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee. He went on to study at the Kunstakademie in Munich. He then taught at the art school opened in Berlin by Johannes Itten. When the Nazis came to power in 1933, Ardon sought refuge in Palestine where, in 1935, he was appointed to a teaching post at the Bezalel college of art in Jerusalem (of which he was to become the principal in 1940) and served as an adviser on the arts to the ministry of education and culture. As such, he played a determining role in the training of young Israeli artists....


[Bronstein, Max]

(b Tuchów, Poland, July 13, 1896; d Jerusalem, June 18, 1992).

Israeli painter of Polish birth. As a young boy he greatly admired El Greco, Goya and Rembrandt. From 1920 to 1925 he studied at the Bauhaus, Weimar, under Klee, Kandinsky, Johannes Itten and Lyonel Feininger and the following year studied painting techniques at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Munich under Max Doerner. During the 1920s he changed his name from Max Bronstein to Mordecai Ardon. He taught at the Kunstschule Itten in Berlin from 1929 to 1933, when Nazi persecution forced him to flee to Jerusalem. Though he had been an active Communist in Germany, in Jerusalem he soon found a great affinity with Jewish religion and culture. In 1935 he was made a professor at the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts in Jerusalem, and was its Director from 1940 to 1952.

Ardon’s early paintings show the influence of Expressionism, as in Seated Woman in a Straw Chair...


German, 20th century, male.

Born 1904, in Iserlohn (North Rhine-Westphalia); died 1971.


Wessel was briefly a pupil of Kandinsky at the Bauhaus in Weimar in 1924. He then undertook a journey lasting four years, to Turkey, Greece, Palestine and Egypt. From 1927 to 1931...