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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, painter, collage artist.

Minimal Art, Finish Fetish, Light and Space.

Peter Alexander studied at the University of Pennsylvania from 1957 to 1962, the Architectural Association of London from 1960 to 1962, and the University of California ...

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 17 July 1947, in Milan.

Painter, sculptor, theorist.

Arte Povera, Conceptual Art.

Adriano Altamira put forward his first critical observations on the phenomena of vision in 1967. Next he began to use minimalist structures, plaits and interlacings, like some of the methods used in France by the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Quincy (Massachusetts).

Sculptor, painter.

Minimal Art.

Carl Andre attended the Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts from 1951 to 1953, where he met Frank Stella. On a trip to Europe in 1954 he discovered Brancusi’s sculptures and megalithic monuments. He lives in New York....

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Copenhagen.

Painter.

Pop Art, Minimal Art.

Self-taught, Per Arnoldi was influenced by the imagery of Pop Art. Arnoldi presents objects from the circus such as sticks, hats and balls with a mixture of humour, irony and a calculated naivety. He seems to have veered towards Minimalist austerity in very large formats involving vast monochrome areas separated by verticals in bright colours. He first exhibited in Munich (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Washington DC; died 9 February 2013, in Albany (New York).

Sculptor, installation artist, painter, draughtsman.

Minimal Art.

Richard Artschwager had a German father and a Russian mother. He studied in New Mexico, then at Cornell University in New York. He fought in World War II in England, France, and finally in Vienna. He completed his scientific studies at Cornell University but immediately abandoned this route and entered the studio of Amédée Ozenfant, who had just emigrated to New York. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1936.

Painter.

Edward Avedesian painting has evolved over the years from abstract expressionism, minimalism and pop-abstraction, through colour field painting in the 1970s, and then to a form of bold figuration. He has exhibited his work in New York and Los Angeles, notably at the Mitchell Algus Gallery in New York in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 7 August 1929, in Seattle.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Jo Baer is interested in 'primary structures', reducing her compositions to a minimum; her style in the 1960s can be qualified as Hard Edge. A simple line of colour running parallel to the edge of the canvas, underlined by a black stripe, highlights the centre of the composition, which remains monochrome. The form and format have to match the tonality, whether glossy or matte, bright or pale. In the mid-1970s, Baer left New York for Europe and in doing so abandoned abstraction in favour of a representational style that she qualified as "radical figuration"....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Cologne.

Sculptor, painter (wash).

Minimal Art.

Bandau was made Professor of Sculpture at the academy of fine arts in Münster in 1988.

He exhibited laminated metallic plaques and other 'primary forms' at an exhibition in 1991 at the Maison de la Métallurgie in Liège. A group of his wash-drawings was exhibited at the Appel and Troschke Gallery in Frankfurt am Main in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1931, in New Haven (Connecticut).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Darby Bannard studied at Princeton University before devoting himself to painting. He was a close friend of Stella in the 1960s and may have suggested to him the principle of the shaped canvas....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1941, in Long Beach (California).

Painter (mixed media).

Minimal Art, Conceptual Art, New Image.

Jennifer Bartlett grew up in Long Beach, and the ocean has always been a constant in her work. Her early work is midway between Minimalist and Conceptualist. Starting with a pattern of small dots screenprinted onto a series of identical steel plaques, she painted dotted lines in enamel, the number of dots in each line being calculated on the basis of a strict mathematical scheme. The concept of series was already prominent in this early phase. In the series entitled ...

Article

Ewa Mikina

(b Zawory, nr Gdańsk, June 15, 1934).

Polish painter, sculptor and stage designer. He studied at the Higher School of Plastic Arts in Poznań between 1952 and 1958. His abstract work has a certain affinity with hard-edge painting and Minimalism. In his early paintings the circular or oval shape of the canvas restates the shape of the form painted on it and thereby becomes its real analogue (as in Double Circles and Circle Compositions, 1962–5). At about the same time he produced sculptures made from thin wire. In the paintings after 1965 the actual space becomes a part of the composition and begins to supplant painted, illusory forms; and the ‘empty’ space starts to play an increasingly important role (e.g. Structural Painting with Hole, 1965).

At the end of the 1960s Berdyszak produced the series of double and triple Integral Paintings, in which the initial formal composition is subjected to multiplication and modification. The sculptures from this period are loosely assembled groups of simple, geometrical elements that allow the viewer to rearrange them. Between ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Niagara Falls; died 30 December 2014, in Accord (New York).

Painter.

Jake Berthot studied at the Pratt Institute of Design and the New School for Social Research, New York, from 1960 to 1962. Close to the American Minimalist movement, his painting features 'coloured fields'. It is not systematic, but is concerned with working the paint itself, something he has in common with Rothko....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in New York.

Painter, sculptor.

James Biederman was a sculptor at Yale University in the 1970s. He produced Minimalist paintings in the 1980s and then turned to a form of gritty, smudged abstraction that might be considered Abstract Landscapism. He has said that to reach the essence of sculpture, his body must always be moving and readjusting. Sculpture has its own world (simultaneously hiding and revealing fictitious space) and excludes him from that world. He feels both drawn into its kingdom and repulsed by his protuberances and tentacles....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 September 1933, in Déols (Indre).

Engraver, draughtsman, painter.

Minimal Art.

At the age of 14 Bonargent began an apprenticeship in painting and decorating and then started work. He was interested in art and attended evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts in Châteauroux from ...

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1949, in Saragossa.

Painter (gouache), engraver.

Minimal Art.

In 1972, José Broto settled in Barcelona and remained there for 13 years until moving to Paris in 1985. He was awarded first prize at the Salon de Montrouge in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Switzerland.

Born 24 March 1940, in Menzonio.

Sculptor, painter.

Minimal Art.

Camesi was a self-taught painter and sculptor. After 1958, he lived in Geneva and took up painting. His first attempts at sculpture were in 1965, using first wood and cardboard, then metal and plexiglas. Two features in particular characterise Camesi's work. The first is the way the material is used for what it is, metal or plexiglas, and in its raw state, as it comes from the factory. The second, in the artistic, creative stage, is the repetition of a single element, which is multiplied and developed geometrically into spatial structures. His sculptures, close to Conceptual Art in some of their aims, also tend to highlight and mark out space, in a kind of 'Space Art'. His use of arrow signs is an example. They define what he calls 'conditioning points', conditioning the viewer in terms of what he or she should observe and what should provoke reflection. These arrows can be real and precisely positioned or they may simply be painted, for example, on to a photograph. For Camesi, space is a structured and vital substance, proportional to human beings, and he therefore treats it as having real existence....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in the USA.

Born in Paris.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Jean Cartier lives in New York City and has exhibited in the USA since 1956. His work has been greatly influenced by trends in American art. Cartier shows large coloured Plexiglas compositions where both the substrate and the colour are subject to infinite permutations and modulations. This approach, essentially minimalist, was highly common among the US avant-garde in the early 1970s when there was a concerted attempt to redefine both analytically and intuitively the vocabulary, syntax and overall function of painting....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Sheffield.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Alan Charlton studied at the Sheffield School of Arts from 1965 to 1966 and at the Camberwell School of Art and the Royal Academy in London from 1966 to 1972. He lives in London and began exhibiting in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 12 December 1951, in Jonzac.

Painter, sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Philippe Compagnon lives and works in Paris. He has featured at a number of group exhibitions: in 1986 at the Salon de la Jeune Sculpture in Paris; in 1987 and ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Windham Center (Connecticut).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Between 1955 and 1959, Alan Cote studied at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School. From 1961 to 1964 he received a bursary that enabled him to study in Europe. He took part in group exhibitions in New York in ...