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Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active from 1955 also active in France.

Born 2 March 1928, in Kyoto.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Domoto Hisao studied traditional art at the Kyoto Art School until 1949, after which he started exhibiting in Tokyo. In 1952, he went on his first trip to France, Italy and Spain. He exhibited a traditional figurative painting, ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1958.

Born 4 March 1932, in Nagoya (Aichi Prefecture).

Painter, installation artist, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

After graduating from Tokyo fine arts univesity, Tadaaki Kuwayama settled in New York. He initially painted Abstracts in a style based on a deliberately ‘anti-spiritual’ attitude designed to make the work foreign to the artist’s spirit. Subsequently he created installations and environments, making geometric spatial constructions out of small aluminium modules, as in ...

Article

Jeremy Lewison

(b Hartford, CT, Sept 9, 1928; d New York, NY, April 8, 2007).

American sculptor, printmaker, and draughtsman. He studied at Syracuse University, NY, from 1945 to 1949, and between 1951 and 1952 he served in the US Army in Japan and Korea, where he was able to visit oriental shrines, temples, and gardens. In 1953 he moved to New York, where he attended the Cartoonists and Illustrators School. From 1955 to 1956 he worked as a graphic designer for the architect I. M. Pei, and he began to make paintings while continuing to work as a graphic designer. He abandoned painting in 1962 and began to make abstract black-and-white reliefs, followed in 1963 by relief constructions with nested enclosures projecting into space, and box- and table-like constructions. He first made the serial and modular works for which he is best known in 1965, an idea inspired in part by the photographs of Eadweard Muybridge. Initially these were wall and floor structures, but in ...

Article

Singaporean, 20th century, female.

Active and naturalised in England.

Born 16 February 1936; died 1997.

Sculptor, printmaker.

Minimal Art.

Kim Lim grew up in Singapore and moved to London at the age of 18 to study at St Martins School of Art (1954-1956) and at Slade School of Art (...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 18 February 1941, in Kyoto.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Moriguchi studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and the school of fine arts in Kyoto. He was a friend of Balthus. In his work, the canvas is crossed with regular lines, from which constructed geometric forms emerge - squares, triangles, trapeziums. His works are so precise that they look as if they have been computer-generated, although Moriguchi only uses traditional techniques, making his own paper and using a mixture of rice and flour as sizing....

Article

Morgan Falconer

revised by Mary Chou

(b Tokyo, 1962).

Japanese painter and sculptor. He studied at Tokyo National University of Fine Art and Music (BFA 1986, MFA 1988, PhD 1993). Murakami began to gain recognition as a sculptor in the early 1990s. Drawing on Minimalism and conceptual art, his work often explored the clash between contemporary Japanese and American culture. Sea Breeze (1992), which was made in response to an island location, consists of a large trailer with shutters that open to emit a powerful light; it suggests something of the aggressive, sardonic character of his work, as well as the influence of commercial display. In the late 1990s Murakami gained more recognition as a painter, and began to blend abstraction and cartoon imagery in highly coloured images painted in flat space. Some works are abstract: Cream (1998) depicts a long skein of blue-white seminal fluid flying across a pink backdrop. Others, such as ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1962, in Shanghai, China.

Painter.

Minimalism.

Ding Yi received degrees from the Shanghai Arts and Crafts Institute in 1983 and from the Fine Arts Department at Shanghai University in 1990. Ding was part of the 1985 Art New Wave movement in China and was included in the highly influential ...

Article

Michael Turner

(b Kibbutz Mesilot, June 4, 1946).

Israeli sculptor. He studied painting in Tel Aviv with Rafi Levi (b 1936). Visiting New York in 1973, he confronted the idioms of Minimalism, and devoted his time to creating site-specific sculptures. Back in Israel he started a period of activity with the series Tables (e.g. Arrangement of Six, wood, 1973–4; artist’s col., see 1991 exh. cat., p. 23), in which he placed ‘furniture’ and images in specific sites. This theme developed the problems of perception into the relationship of the sculpture within architectural space, his kibbutz utilitarianism of bare essentials generating inductive thinking. His painting background reintegrated itself into his next sculpture series, Narcissus (e.g. 1980; Jerusalem, Israel Mus.; 1982; Tel Aviv, Mus. A.), in which long bars of wood were interconnected, giving the impression of line-drawings in space. In 1984 he reintroduced colour into his work with a sculptural series entitled Boat, Bridge and Yellow Chair...

Article

Xiao  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Shanghai.

Painter, sculptor.

Minimal Art.

After studying in Taipei, in the studio of the painter Li Chun-sen, Xiao lived in Milan and then in New York, where he made his home. In 1957 he was the co-founder of the first Chinese group of abstract artists, ...

Article

Morgan Falconer

(b Fukuoka, 1959).

Japanese sculptor. He studied at Musashino Art University, Tokyo, and completed a fellowship in sculpture at Yale University, New Haven, CT, in 1990. Initially Yanagi was influenced by the Minimalist and Conceptualist orientation of the Japanese Monoha movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s; soon after he became known for a series of performances using coloured gas. He rose to international prominence in the 1990s following the success of a number of seminal installations that employed ants as metaphors for global migration. In the Wandering Position series (begun in 1989) Yanagi used chalk to trace out the path of an ant as it moved about a circumscribed area. The World Flag Ant Farm (1990; first exh. Venice Biennale, 1993; see 1996 exh. cat., p. 37) elaborated on his ideas through an installation that comprised a complex of wall-mounted plexiglass boxes filled with coloured sand depicting a number of national flags. He added ants to the boxes, allowing them to crawl around and move the sand from one box to another via transparent tubes, thus progressively destroying the integrity of the flags. Yanagi’s interest in the nation state developed throughout the 1990s to encompass other themes, including ideology, nationalism and the construction of cultural difference. In ...