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Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1925; died 1988.

Sculptor, painter. Animals.

Salah Abdel Kerim studied at Cairo's faculty of art, continuing his studies in Italy and in Paris. He was appointed Professor of Decorative Art at the same faculty in Cairo and was later appointed Dean of Fine Arts in the city....

Article

Aurélie Verdier

(b Saïda, Algeria, 1953).

French painter, sculptor, photographer, film maker, writer and installation artist of Algerian birth. Born to Spanish parents, he was much affected by North African as well as Southern European culture. He trained at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre. Despite a pervasive and diverse use of media, Alberola often stressed the coexistence of his different artistic practices as leading to painting alone. His paintings relied heavily on evocative narratives, at once personal and ‘historical’. Alberola conceived of his role as a storyteller, on the model of African oral cultures. Convinced that narratives could not be renewed, he argued that a painter’s main task was to reactivate his work through contact with his pictorial heritage. The main points of reference for his paintings of the early 1980s were Velázquez, Manet or Matisse, whose works he quoted in a personal way. In the early 1980s he undertook a series of paintings inspired by mythological subjects, which he combined with his own history as the principal subject-matter of his work. The biblical story of Susannah and the Elders as well as the Greek myth of Actaeon provided his most enduring subjects, both referring to the act of looking as taboo, as in ...

Article

Aldine  

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1917, in Cairo.

Painter, sculptor.

Aldine received a doctorate in science and from 1953 to 1960, he was cultural advisor at the Egyptian embassy in Paris. Although he began painting in 1948, he only took it up as a full-time activity after his retirement from the administrative service in ...

Article

Ian M. E. Shaw

Ancient Egyptian art style that takes its name from Amarna, (Tell) el-, the site of the capital city during the reigns of Akhenaten (reg c. 1353–c. 1336 bc) and Smenkhkare (reg c. 1335–c. 1332 bc). Amarna-style painting and sculpture were characterized by a move away from the traditional idealism of Egyptian art towards a greater realism and artistic freedom. This new sense of vigour and naturalism is most apparent in surviving fragments of paintings from the walls and floors of palaces (Cairo, Egyp. Mus., and Oxford, Ashmolean; see Egypt, ancient §X 2.). The statuary and reliefs, mainly from el-Amarna, Thebes and Hermopolis Magna, represent the royal family and their subjects in a style that was initially grotesque and often crude, as the artists struggled to come to terms with the new approach (see Egypt, ancient §IX 3., (viii)). However, they eventually reached a high degree of sophistication and beauty, exemplified by the painted limestone bust of Queen ...

Article

Chika Okeke-Agulu

(b Cairo, May 22, 1963).

American painter, sculptor, fibre and installation artist of Egyptian birth. Amer, one of the few young artists of African origin to gain prominence in the late 1990s international art scene, studied painting in France at the Villa Arson EPIAR, Nice (MFA, 1989), and the Institut des Hautes Etudes en Art Plastique, Paris (1991). She subsequently moved to New York. She is best known for her canvases in which paint and embroidery are combined to explore themes of love, desire, sexuality, and women’s identity in a patriarchal world. Amer’s use of Embroidery, historically regarded as a genteel female craft, to create images of women fulfilling their sexual desires without inhibition, recalls the provocations and strategies of 1970s Western feminist art. However, her work also reflects her alarm at the incremental curbing of women’s social and political freedoms in her native Egypt following the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, especially after the regime of Gamal Abdel Nasser ended in ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1974.

Born 27 October 1949, in Cairo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Figures.

Sayed Darwiche learnt painting from his father, a calligrapher. He left Egypt after the two Egyptian-Israeli wars. His drawings and paintings show the figures of men, women and children, but through a violent form of expressionist deformation which approaches the work of the Abstract Expressionist artist Wilhem De Kooning, though his chosen blend of colours gives a sense of softness and luxury. Sayed Darwiche's sculptures, carved from old wood or quarried stone, come close to abstraction. They consist of curved, taut volumes whose sensual fullness contrasts with the ruggedness of his drawings and paintings....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1940.

Painter, sculptor, ceramicist.

Abdel El Dawakhli studied at Cairo's higher academy of art, then qualified as an art teacher from the San Fernando academy in Madrid and as a master potter and ceramicist from Madrid's central school. He was appointed professor at the higher academy of art in Cairo and, from ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in France.

Born 1908, in Ismailia; died 5 January 1979, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor.

Leonid Fridman started his career in Belgium where his family had taken refuge. From 1936 onwards, he devoted himself entirely to painting. He settled in Paris just after ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1971 in France.

Born 1929, in Cairo.

Painter, sculptor. Figures, animals.

After attending the faculty of fine arts in Cairo from 1954 to 1956, Adam Henein studied the Egyptian art of Thebes in the Luxor studio with the help of state funding. In ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1926 and naturalised from 1928.

Born 1913, in Alexandria, to Russian parents; died 2003, in East Hampton (New York).

Sculptor, painter.

American Abstract Artists (AAA). New York School.

Ibram Lassaw started his study of sculpture at the age of 13 at Brooklyn's Children Museum, under the guidance of Dorothea Denslow, before moving on to the Clay Club ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Cairo.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, potter.

Saleh Réda studied at the school of applied arts in Cairo, from which he graduated with a diploma in 1957, and then at the school of fine arts. He went to Czechoslovakia to study sculpture and ceramics, and obtained a doctorate in Great Britain. He has participated in collective exhibitions, such as the Biennial in Alexandria, the Biennale for engraving in Italy, the Venice Biennale, and ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 19 November 1924, in Tunis.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor. Local scenes, local figures. Low reliefs, wall decorations.

Zoubeir Turki was a student at the school of fine arts in Tunis, then spent a period in Stockholm from 1953 to 1958, where he attended the school of fine arts. He lives and works in Tunis. He portrays the figures in his compositions with a great deal of wit and affectionate humour, making them lively, vivacious, and malicious. His drawing is linear, very pure, and reminiscent of Matisse's, but is nevertheless full of detail, meaning, and the psychology of its figures. He especially excels in mimicking the Tunisian middle classes. He also executed some mural decorations and low reliefs in Tunisia....