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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 June 1898, in Lyons; died 8 April 1966, in Quimper.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, designer, photographer, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, landscapes.

Art Deco.

Georges Géo-Fourrier attended the Alfred Keller studio in Paris, then studied wood engraving with Alphonse Isaac, and in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1901, in Wuppertal (Ruhr); died 1964 or 1978, in Blacksburg, USA.

Painter, photographer, designer.

Neo-Plasticism.

De Stijl, Novembergruppe, New Vision Photography..

Photobooks.

Werner Gräff was a student of Johannes Itten at the Bauhaus in Weimar between ...

Article

John Milner

[Lisitsky, El’ ; Lisitsky, Lazar’ (Markovich )]

(b Pochinok, Smolensk province, Nov 23, 1890; d Moscow, Dec 30, 1941).

Russian draughtsman, architect, printmaker, painter, illustrator, designer, photographer, teacher, and theorist.

After attending school in Smolensk, he enrolled in 1909 at the Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, to study architecture and engineering. He also travelled extensively in Europe, however, and he made a tour of Italy to study art and architecture. He frequently made drawings of the architectural monuments he encountered on his travels. These early graphic works were executed in a restrained, decorative style reminiscent of Russian Art Nouveau book illustration. His drawings of Vitebsk and Smolensk (1910; Eindhoven, Stedel. Van Abbemus.), for example, show a professional interest in recording specific architectural structures and motifs, but they are simultaneously decorative graphic works in their own right and highly suitable for publication. This innate awareness of the importance of controlling the design of the page was to remain a feature of Lissitzky’s work throughout radical stylistic transformations. He also recorded buildings in Ravenna, Venice, and elsewhere in Italy in ...