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Kristina Van Kirk

(b Long Beach, CA, Sept 12, 1928).

American painter and sculptor. He studied at the Otis Art Institute (1948–50) and at the new and progressive Chouinard Art Institute, Los Angeles (1952–4), where he adopted an Abstract Expressionist painting style. Through his association with the Ferus Gallery, Los Angeles (1959–66), he came into contact with such artists as Ed Moses (b 1926) and Billy Al Bengston. Irwin disdained his early paintings for their lack of ‘potency’. In the early 1960s he began a continuous series of experiments. He broke with figuration, searching like Minimalist artists for a way to make the work of art autonomous in content, that is representing nothing but itself, as in the Disc series that he began in 1966 (exh. 1968, Pasadena, CA, Norton Simon Mus. A.). Designed to exacting dimensions, colour tones, and lighting criteria, the Discs appeared suspended, free from the wall and comprising an uncertain mass that dematerialized into its environment....

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British, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in London.

Painter, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

Peter Joseph is a self-taught painter who worked initially in advertising. Joseph's painting shows the influence of the American Abstract Expressionists - notably Newman, Rothko and Kelly; his work is also comparable in effect to Minimalist art. His canvases play on colour tonalities, and feature a sensitive use of light, sometimes heightened by 'all-over' painting techniques ( ...