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C. Nagy

(b Budapest, Oct 26, 1941).

Hungarian painter, photographer and conceptual artist. He studied under Géza Fónyi at the Fine Art College in Budapest and then from 1966 to 1972 produced portraits, in which the influence of Expressionism was noticeable. From 1973 to 1979, however, he moved in a different direction, producing films, photographic sequences and textual conceptual works, all based on structuralist analysis of pictorial representation and of the institutions of the exhibition and the museum (e.g. the photographic sequences Inquiries on the Exterior Wall of the Museum of Fine Arts, 1975–6; and Reflections, 1976). From 1975 to 1980 he was involved in the Indigo project led by Miklós Erdély, but in 1980 he returned to oil painting, producing abstract works divided into two or three sections and often symmetrical in composition. At first these were vividly coloured, using bold brushstrokes and inspired by the Hungarian landscape, but later works were dominated by schematic representations of the human face, reduced after ...


French, 20th century, male.

Died 1994.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, sculptor.

Louis Calaferte was known principally as an author, but he also produced compositions painted on canvas and pen-and-ink drawings that betray an Expressionist-like vigour, not least because of their explosive use of vivid colours over a black ground. 'I tend to paint when I'm mad at something or when things get on top of me', Louis Calaferte once noted. 'To be honest, my life is a series of crises and painting is a means to get away from it all.'...


Yugoslav, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France and England.

Born 1948, in Sarajevo (now in Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

The son of a painter, Braco Dimitrijevic was already producing Expressionist works by the age of 10, but he then channelled his energies into competitive skiing. He studied at the academy of fine arts in Zagreb ...


German, 20th century, male.

Born 1905, in Munich.

Engraver, collage artist.

Fritz Harnest, who settled in Übersee, was a pupil at the Munich academy and made trips to study in Paris and elsewhere in France. Initially influenced by the Expressionism of Nolde, Harnest moved towards abstraction after the war. His wood engravings, in which the texture of the material is often apparent, influenced his collages, and vice versa. He only exhibited sporadically during the National Socialist era. His first solo exhibition, mounted in Fribourg in ...


American, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Galveston (Texas).

Painter, collage artist.

James Havard trained at the Chapman Kelly studio in Dallas (Texas) in 1960, then from 1965 at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.

Havard's neo-Expressionist style resembles the 'bad painting' of the late 1970s. He uses large, crude strokes to paint schematised figures and abstract motifs, adding collages of images which he repaints, and drips or drops of paint that convey a pictorial energy. In combination these diverse elements acquire a coherent structure, with a main figure taking shape out of this ultimately organised chaos....


American, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Torrington (Connecticut).

Painter, sculptor, mixed media.

Bad Painting, New Image.

Neil Jenney studied at the Massachusetts College of Art in Boston, where he encountered Abstract Expressionism, which became an important influence on his early work. He lives and works in New York....


Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1929, in Buenos Aires; died 17 November 2000, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In the early years of her career, Lublin was an expressionist figurative painter. In 1964 with Reading the Heroes ( Lecture des Héros...


Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 1930, in Rio de Janeiro.

Painter, collage artist, engraver.

Pasqualini studied engraving with Friedländer. As well as her painting, which is both figurative and Expressionist, she has sometimes created collages using various materials, such as cotton and nylon.


Daniela De Dominicis


(b Catanzaro, Oct 17, 1918; d Milan, Jan 8, 2006).

Italian painter and décollagist. He studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Naples and in 1945 moved to Rome, where he produced oil paintings in an Expressionist manner. In 1948 he adopted an abstract geometric idiom, which he rejected on returning to Italy in 1952 after spending a year on a scholarship at the University of Missouri at Kansas City. Abandoning painting, he devoted himself first to phonetic poems composed of inarticulate, onomatopoeic sounds, and from 1954 to a new medium known as Décollage: having eliminated paint tubes and brushes, he now created pictures from the layered textures and coloured shapes of commercial posters torn from city walls. The first such works, for example A Little Above (640×840 mm, 1954; see Hunter, p. 32), were essentially abstract. Encouraged by the Italian critic Emilio Villa, in April 1955 he took part in Esposizione d’arte attuale, a group exhibition held in a barge on the Tiber in Rome, which led to his being labelled a neo-Dadaist. In the same year he held a one-man show at the Galleria del Naviglio in Milan, followed by exhibitions in Venice, London and Zurich, and in ...


Uruguayan, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1947.

Collage artist.

Ana Salcovsky uses collage and a bright palette. She borrows her technique from advertising, producing works that are figurative, dynamic and expressionist.


Czechoslovak, 20th century, female.

Active in England from 1936, naturalised British.

Born 1926, in Prague.

Painter, collage artist.

Spencer studied with Kokoschka, and was influenced by his work in her initial, Expressionist period. She then studied at the Slade School of Fine Art in London, where she lived and worked for three years. Her first abstract works date ...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946.

Painter, collage artist. Figures.

Around 1975 Dominique Thiolat began painting in a radically abstract way with more in common with American Expressionism than the Supports-Surfaces movement, although he exhibited with members of this group. The female form serves as the starting point for fragments of forms and tangled curves in warm, contrasting colours applied by hand directly on to the canvas. From ...


British, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Vacoas, Mauritius. Died 1 Jan 2009.

Painter (mixed media).

Abstract Expressionism.

Frank Avray Wilson initially trained as a scientist at Cambridge University before studying art in France and Norway. He became a full-time painter in 1947, and began exhibiting at the Redfern Gallery, London in ...