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Article

(b Berlin, Oct 15, 1827; d Berlin, Sept 15, 1908).

German architect, archaeologist and writer. He was one of the leading figures of Berlin’s architectural establishment in the latter half of the 19th century. On completion of his studies in 1852, he was given the prestigious post of Bauleiter at the Neues Museum in Berlin, designed by Friedrich August Stüler. He subsequently became a lecturer and in 1861 a professor of architectural history at the Bauakademie in Berlin. Many of his church buildings used medieval motifs and elements, for example the Christuskirche (1862–8) in Berlin and the Elisabethkirche (1869–72) in Wilhelmshafen. He followed Karl Bötticher in his attempts to merge medieval and classical elements, best illustrated in his design for the Thomaskirche (competition 1862; built 1865–70), Berlin. There, Adler used Gothic structural devices embellished with rich Renaissance detail, a tendency that was also present in many of the entries for the Berlin Cathedral competition (...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born in Athens.

Painter, draughtsman. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, seascapes.

Theodor Anagnostaras studied initially in Athens, but having started singing at the age of six and trained at the National Music Conservatoire, he emigrated to the USA to continue his career as a baritone. He then felt an irresistible need to paint and abandoned his singing career in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born in Crete.

Painter.

A student of Roilo Castelodro, Emmanuel Anapolitaky was a portrait and still-life painter who he exhibited in Paris at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in 1926 and 1927.

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1991.

Born 1964, in Chania (Crete).

Painter. Interiors, still-lifes.

Dimitris Andreadakis graduated from the school of fine arts in Athens in 1990 and moved to Paris in 1991 to pursue his studies at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts. His compatriot Alkis Pierrakos wrote of him: 'In his paintings, which are often big, we are struck by the rigour of the overall colour and immediately sense how much care he has put into the complementarity that can be created by just three elements - volume, colour and.'...

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1960, in Athens.

Painter (including gouache), draughtswoman, illustrator, lithographer. Landscapes, seascapes, animals. Artist's books.

Ianna Andreadis studied at the schools of fine art in Dijon, Bourges and Paris between 1978 and 1983. She studied prehistory at the Institut d'Art et d'Archéologie de Paris in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1945.

Born 24 March 1917, in São Paulo, to Greek parents.

Sculptor, painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Born in Brazil to Greek parents, Constantin Andreu went with them to Athens in 1925. In 1932 he decided to become a sculptor but then had to earn his living as a cabinet maker. He was nevertheless able to follow courses at the school of applied arts in the city. In ...

Article

(b Bursa, 1919; d Salonika, March 30, 1992).

Greek archaeologist. He is best known for the discovery in November 1977 of a royal tomb, presumed to be that of Philip of Macedon, at Vergina (anc. Aigai), although this sensational event was in fact the culmination of some 40 years of excavating in and around the area. Though he was born in Asia Minor, Andronicos’s family fled to Thessaloniki in 1921. He studied at the university there with Constantinos Romeos, who found the first evidence of the site of the Macedonian capital and royal necropolis of Aigai, later firmly identified and fully excavated by Andronicos. During World War II he took part in the Greek resistance movement. After 1945 his attention was devoted to the excavation of the huge tumulus at Vergina, where his discoveries included the theatre where Philip II was assassinated in 336 bc and another unlooted royal tomb, possibly that of Alexander IV (d 310...

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born on Corfu.

Sculptor.

Lamprothea Angelaton exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1934 onwards, became a member in 1937 and exhibited there again in 1942.

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in Egypt then in France.

Born 1900, in Volos; died 1990, in Paris.

Painter. Figure compositions, figures, landscapes with figures.

Aristomenis Angelopoulos studied painting in Alexandria, Egypt, where he lived from 1916 until 1955. He was a director and teacher at the painting section of the Khartoum Institute in Sudan between ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born in Smyrna (now Izmir).

Sculptor. Portraits. Busts.

Athanase Apartis executed mostly busts or portraits, especially of contemporary personalities, such as: the former Greek prime minister Venizelos, the French philosopher Alain, and the French writer Georges Duhamel. He exhibited in Paris at the Salon d'Automne from ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, on Corfu.

Sculptor.

Achilles Apergis studied at the school of fine arts in Athens.

Up to 1950, his work was figurative in style, after which he evolved progressively towards Abstraction. In a first series of sculptures made from soldered sheet metal, the inspiration still originates from the observation of nature. Later he began to use iron bars, which gave his sculptures a more robust, yet less figurative, character. From ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Born 23 December 1930, in Athens.

Painter, decorative artist.

Marilene Aravantino draws very fine profiles apparently made of white string inside delineated frames, in a style reminiscent of Jean Cocteau. She uses a thick, lumpy paste in faded colours. Series of paintings include: ...

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1954, in Athens.

Draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, video artist. Multimedia.

Michalis Arfaras first studied painting at the school of fine arts in Athens between 1972 and 1974. He continued his studies at the college of fine arts in Brunswick in Germany where he specialised in engraving and produced book illustrations and comic strips. He now lives and works in Hildesheim where he teaches graphic art at the university....

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Born in Athens.

Sculptor.

Argyropoulo was a pupil of François Léon Sicard, and exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris from 1932 to 1939.

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1877, in Cavalla; died 1963, in Athens.

Painter. Figures, nudes, genre scenes.

Oumbertos Argyros was a pupil of Nicephore Nytras and George Roïlos at the Athens School of Fine Arts, before studying in Munich. His painting was admired for its harmonies of colour....

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Born 1910, in Athens.

Painter.

Armos Group.

Lili Arlioti was one of the founders of the Armos Group . She painted subjects from a fantastical world of her own imagining, in a style tending towards lyrical abstraction. She exhibited internationally, notably in Greece, in London, Paris and Pittsburgh, Venice, Washington. She participated in São Paulo Biennale (...

Article

Geoffrey Waywell

(b Ilford, June 22, 1894; d Peebles, Feb 25, 1988).

English archaeologist . One of the most distinguished Classical scholars of the 20th century, specializing in Greek and Roman sculpture, he was equally well-known for his skills as an administrator and teacher. He was appointed Assistant Curator of Coins at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, in 1922, leaving the post to become Director of the British School in Rome in 1925. Tempted by the opportunity of proximity to the British Museum collections and library, Ashmole returned to England in 1929 to take up the Yates Chair of Classical Archaeology at the University of London (1929–48), soon arranging a transfer to the university of the museum’s collection of plaster casts. As Keeper of Greek and Roman Antiquities at the British Museum (1939–56), he was largely responsible for the eventual display of the Elgin Marbles in the Duveen Gallery. He returned to Oxford in 1956 as Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology, from which post he retired in ...

Article

Greek, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active in Athens.

Painter.

Kleoniki Aspriati executed mostly portraits and worked in Athens. A pupil of Raphael Collin, Paul Leroy and Luc Olivier-Merson, she received honourable mention at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900.

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Born in Athens.

Painter.

Ninette Averov exhibited portraits at the Salon des Indépendants in 1929.

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in Austria.

Born 26 September 1922, in Batumi, to Greek parents.

Sculptor.

Between 1937 and 1939, Joannis Avramidis studied at the Batumi school of fine arts, before going to Athens, where he continued to study painting from 1939 to 1943...