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Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 August 1871, in The Hague; died 19 October 1934, in Amsterdam.

Engraver, lithographer.

Johannes Josephus Aarts studied at the school of fine art in The Hague and became professor in graphics at the art academy of Amsterdam.

He executed wood engravings and etchings....

Article

Jan Jaap Heij

(b The Hague, Aug 18, 1871; d Amsterdam, Oct 19, 1934).

Dutch printmaker and painter. He trained at the Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague, where he subsequently taught graphic art (1893–1911). In 1911 he succeeded Pieter Dupont as professor in graphics at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under the directorship of Antoon Derkinderen. In the early years of his career Aarts produced some paintings using the pointillist technique, mostly landscapes (The Hague, Gemeentemus.); he also carved some sculptures in wood. He is, however, best known for his graphic work. In technique and subject-matter, his prints have a great deal in common with those of Dupont. As the latter’s successor he devoted himself to the revival of engraving, which his predecessor had reintroduced; his own experiments in this medium (in particular his scenes with diggers and beggars, all c. 1900) are considered milestones in early 20th-century Dutch printmaking. He also applied his skills to etching, lithography, woodcutting and wood-engraving; of the latter his ...

Article

S. Kontha

(b Budapest, March 15, 1894; d Budapest, Sept 29, 1941).

Hungarian painter, draughtsman and etcher. He trained as a drawing teacher at the College of Fine Arts, Budapest (1912–14). In 1913 he worked at the Szolnok colony and he served in World War I. He taught drawing for a while at the Technical University, Budapest. In 1922 he learnt etching from Viktor Olgyay at the College of Fine Arts. His early works show an affinity with the Group of Eight; later he moved closer to the work of the Activists, especially József Nemes Lampérth and Béla Uitz. He instinctively sought a dynamic and powerful form of expression. His pen-drawings and etchings are frequently based on biblical subjects and are characterized by a heroic conception, an illusory atmosphere and romantic associations. The etching Savonarola (1925; Budapest, N.G.) reveals his extraordinary compositional abilities, especially in the rendering of crowds, and his use of strong chiaroscuro. His landscapes are dominated by carefully composed, naturalist details and the exploitation of the dramatic effect of reflections. In his drawings, Cubist arrangements gradually gave way to a more diffuse composition. His nudes in the landscape (e.g. ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Turin.

Painter, engraver.

Surfata Group.

Abacuc was a member of the Surfata Group, founded in 1964, whose objectives involved using Surreal imagery. Using a meticulous and detailed technique he depicts masses of entrails out of which emerge human heads....

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 May 1871, in Molenbeek-St-Jean; died 1942, in Ixelles (Brussels).

Painter, engraver. Portraits, landscapes.

Having initially studied at the school of decorative arts, Pierre Abattucci went on to the fine arts academy of Brussels where he was a pupil of Joseph Stallaert and Portaels. He spent considerable time in Italy in various places including Venice, Florence, Assisi and Rome. He showed at the Brussels International Exhibition in 1910. In 1901, 1903 and 1904 he executed albums for the Société des Aquafortistes Belges, of which he was a member. He was professor at the Molenbeek-St-Jean Academy of Art. His landscapes, such as ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 30 October 1858, in Étampes; died 1927, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtswoman, illustrator. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits, interiors, flowers. Decorative panels.

Abbéma was a pupil of Chaplin, Henner and Carolus-Duran. Until 1926, she exhibited regularly at the Salon des Artistes Français, gaining an honourable commendation in 1881 and a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1900. She was made a Chévalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1906....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Zingem.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects.

Jos van den Abeele was a student at the fine art academies of Audenaerde, Ghent and Tournai. He used country folk as models for his works, which were often symbolic in nature.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 29 December 1857, in Versailles; died 9 September 1918, in Auxerre, on the battlefield.

Painter, pastellist, engraver. Historical subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Until 1890, Louis Abel-Truchet was a tradesman by profession, but he went on to become a pupil of both Jules Lefebre and Benjamin Constant at the Académie Julian. He joined up voluntarily in 1914, at the age of 57, as a lieutenant in the First Engineers Regiment and took command of a camouflage unit. He was later awarded the Croix de Guerre, as well as the Légion d'Honneur, which he had already received as a civilian....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born in Paris.

Lithographer, draughtswoman.

Marthe Abram was a pupil of Parrot, Benjamin Constant and Jean-Paul Laurens.

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Amsterdam.

Screen printer.

Ronald Abram exhibited at many of the annual Paris Salons and at the international Biennale exhibitions in Paris. He used sheets of clear plastic to achieve the effect of depth in his Abstract geometric compositions, which were often based on the cube as a unit....

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 March 1857, in Antwerp; died 6 November 1905, in Antwerp.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver (etching). History painting, portraits, genre scenes.

Léon Eugène Auguste Abry was the son of a general, a fact that paved the way for his career as a painter of historical and military scenes. He took part in the main Belgian exhibitions from the age of 20, before going on to become a member of the Société des Aquarellistes Belges in 1886 and to be awarded the Ordre de Léopold. His works were shown in Paris in 1888 and 1895, Vienna in 1888, Berlin in 1886 and 1896, Dresden in 1887, and Munich in 1901. His best-known paintings include: ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 22 August 1920, in Genoa.

Painter, sculptor (including bronze), engraver, designer, collage artist.

The son of Piedmontese parents, Enrico Accatino studied at the fine arts academy in Rome from 1942 to 1945, and was a pupil of Felice Casorati. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 August 1932, in the Var.

Engraver (mezzotint), draughtsman, mixed media.

Achard trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulon and the Académie Charpentier in Paris. He holds an agrégation (a high-level professorial qualification) in fine arts. He is a teacher at the Lycée Thiers in Marseilles and shows his work in private exhibitions, including one at the Galerie L'Échoppe in Marseilles in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1967.

Painter, engraver, photographer.

Achard took some courses at the École d'Arts Décoratifs in Nice, and studied drawing with Velickovic at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, graduating in 1987. He has participated in group exhibitions since 1981.

Achard is also an active photographer, working for periodicals, magazines, and especially in film. He draws, paints in oil, acrylic, as well as using airbrushing and engraving. His painted works are directly derived from photography....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 September 1881, in Mulhouse.

Painter, engraver (etching), illustrator. Landscapes, architectural views.

Achener had a full training, first at the École des Beaux-Arts in Strasbourg, then in Munich in the studios of the engraver Peter Halm and the painter Ludwig von Loefftz. He was also a pupil of Jean-Paul Laurens in Paris....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1885, in Munich.

Painter, engraver (etching). Figures, interiors with figures.

Josef Achmann showed his paintings of a Sick Young Girl, an Interior and a Folding Screen with Mirror at an exhibition of Contemporary German Painter-Engravers ( Peintres Graveurs Allemands Contemporains...

Article

Swedish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1859, in Stockholm; died 1924.

Painter, engraver, decorative designer. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Johan Axel Gustav Acke worked at the academy of art in Stockholm from 1876 to 1881 before going to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and travelling in Italy, Holland, Belgium and Finland, where he stayed for a considerable time....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 26 March 1938, in Leeds.

Engraver, printmaker. Landscapes.

Norman Ackroyd studied at Leeds College of Art (1956-1961) and then went on to study at the Royal College of Art in London for three years, graduating in 1964...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1904, in Paris; died 27 August 1967, in Perros-Guirec (Côtes-d'Armor).

Sculptor (including bronze), engraver (burin). Monuments, designs for tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

Henri Adam's father, a goldsmith and jeweller, taught him the rudiments of the trade while he was studying at the Collège Lavoisier. He also took classes in drawing, first at the École Germain-Pillon and subsequently at the Atelier de la Ville de Paris in Montparnasse, before moving to the École des Beaux-Arts. He exhibited various paintings between ...

Article

(b Paris, Jan 14, 1904; d La Clarté, Brittany, Aug 27, 1967).

French sculptor, printmaker and tapestry designer. His father was a jeweller, and after his return from World War I in 1918 Adam worked in his studio and learnt how to engrave. At the same time he studied drawing at the Ecole Germain-Pilon and read Charles Baudelaire’s Les Fleurs du mal, which was to have a great influence on him. In 1925 he attended evening classes at a school of drawing in Montparnasse. From 1928 to 1934 he started to produce prints and became associated with André Breton, Louis Aragon and Paul Eluard, although he was never greatly influenced by them. His early prints, reminiscent of the work of George Grosz, were mostly designed as social satire, mocking the myths surrounding patriotism, the family and religion, as in When Papa is Patriotic (1935). In 1933 he designed the costumes and scenery for Hans Schlumberg’s Miracle à Verdun performed at the Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord in Paris. His first exhibition of prints was held in ...