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Alice Dugdale

(b Naples, May 14, 1718; d Naples, March 8, 1785).

Italian architect and theorist. He began his training in 1732 with the architect Martino Buoncore, whose style he later dismissed as ‘Gothic’. However, Buoncore had a good architectural library, in which Gioffredo studied the writings of Palladio, Vitruvius and Vincenzo Scamozzi. During the same period he studied with the painter Francesco Solimena, believing an understanding of the human body to be an essential part of architecture.

Gioffredo qualified as an architect in 1741, after being examined by Giovanni Antonio Medrano (b 1703), one of the kingdom’s engineers. Unfortunately his technical education was somewhat neglected, and he earned for himself the sobriquet ‘l’imprudente architetto napoletano’ after Luigi Vanvitelli was called in to work on his Villa Campolieto (1762), Resina, and the Palazzo Casacalenda (c. 1766), Naples, both of which were in danger of collapse.

Gioffredo’s architectural knowledge was largely acquired from books and from the direct study of ancient buildings. In the preface to his ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Died 1533.

Sculptor (wood), engraver, draughtsman.

The most important work by this anonymous artist is the great altar of Brisach Cathedral (1526), one of the most interesting examples of Baroque art in southern Germany. Another, later work is the less well preserved altar in the church at Niederrothweil near Brisach. The sculptor is not afraid to tackle the most complex and detailed of forms, his figures, almost grotesque in their exaggeration, seeming to whirl and fly....

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Active in Granada.

Sculptor.

Pablo de Rojas was the pupil of Rodrigo Moreno, and the master of JM Montanès. He was also the master of Gregorio Fernandez, and thus was well-placed to inspire the two most important Baroque schools in Spain. He produced several statues in Granada Cathedral, and was an early exponent of Spanish religious statuary - which was both realist and intensely spiritual, in accordance with the taste of Andalucians. His studio was taken over by Alonso de Mena....

Article

Bernd Euler-Rolle and Gerhard Schmidt

Augustinian abbey near Linz, Austria. The present Baroque monastic complex was begun in 1686 with the rebuilding of the Gothic collegiate church and early Baroque buildings (1628–32) and was completed in the mid-18th century. The original abbey was built in the 9th century on the site of St Florian’s grave and became an Augustinian foundation in 1071.

Bernd Euler-Rolle

The complex is clearly articulated, with a regular system of closed courtyards, and the church is situated in the traditional location at the northern edge. On the south side of the church is the simple, rectangular conventual courtyard, which was divided into two by the insertion of a theatre in 1731; adjoining this to the south is the large, square prelatial courtyard. The Leopoldine wing between the two was retained from the early Baroque structure.

A presentation sketch of the whole complex by the first architect of the rebuilding project, ...