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Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Activec.1645.

Engraver (line-engraving).

Engraver of the frontispiece for Museum of Unknown Spanish Medals ( Museo de las medallas desconocidos espagnolas) by the scholar, collector and patron of the arts Vincencio Juan de Lastanosa, Lord of the Manor of Figaruelas....

Article

Joseph Connors

Italian family of patrons, of German origin. The Hohenems family from Salzburg Italianized their name when Cardinal Marcus Sitticus Altemps (1533–95) brought the dynasty to Rome. A soldier by training, he pursued an ecclesiastical career under the patronage of his uncle, Pope Pius IV (...

Article

Donatella L. Sparti

Italian writer, historian and collector. He produced about 38 novels and several comedies, although his literary works have been little studied. In Perugia he was a member of the Accademia degli Insensati, under the name Tenebroso. He is documented as having been in Rome in the late 16th century as secretary to Cardinal Ippolito Aldobrandini (later Pope Clement VIII) and chief Apostolic Notary. At his home on the Pincio hill he accumulated a substantial collection, containing scientific instruments, examples of flora and fauna, a picture gallery, a large collection of ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born in Bologna; died 25 February 1615.

Painter.

Bernardino Baldi was a scholar as well as a talented artist. As a collector he left a number of ancient manuscripts classified by him. He founded the Accademia degl'Indifferenti, which remained very popular up to the opening of the Carracci academy. On ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1653, in Aix-en-Provence; died 1703, in Aix-en-Provence.

Painter, engraver. Portraits.

The education of Sébastien Barras was taken in hand by Boyer d'Aiguilles, a rich collector, painter and engraver in Aix. He was Sébastien's first master, and sent him to study in Rome. On his return, he painted, in the house of his teacher, a copy of the ceiling executed in the Palazzo Barberini in Rome by Pietro da Cortona ...

Article

Pietro Roccasecca

Italian cardinal and patron. He was the younger brother of Guidobaldo (1545–1607), the scientist, mathematician and patron of Galileo Galilei, who wrote a treatise on perspective (1600). Francesco was educated at the della Rovere court at Urbino, where he probably studied with the poet Agostino Gallo (...

Article

Italian scholar and patron. A great-nephew of the great Michelangelo, he studied from 1586 to 1591 in Pisa, where for a while he shared lodgings with Maffeo Barberini, the future Pope Urban VIII. On his return to Florence, he frequented literary circles and the Medici court. He was elected to the Accademia della Crusca in ...

Article

Peter Higginson

Italian banker and patron. He was from a rich, mercantile family from Albenga on the Ligurian coast. From 1547 the family held rights over the neighbouring fiefdom of Conscente. His brothers, Pier Francesco Costa (1545–1625) and Alessandro Costa (1555–1624), obtained important ecclesiastical positions, while Ottavio remained responsible for the family business affairs and built up a significant art collection. He moved to Rome some time before ...

Article

Ismael Gutiérrez Pastor

Spanish painter and collector. He was the son and pupil of the painter Pedro Díaz Minaya (c. 1555–1624), who worked in Valladolid, the location of Philip III’s court from 1600 to 1606. For more than 50 years, Diego Valentín Díaz was Valladolid’s most important painter, producing a great number of religious works and portraits containing colourful imagery; many of these are widely dispersed in collections and churches throughout Spain. Although his early works were executed in a style of late Mannerism, he gradually introduced more naturalistic elements, resulting in paintings with precise drawing, a varied but rather dull colouring, an emphasis on decorative details and a sweet expression on the faces of his religious figures. His earliest surviving works are the altarpiece (...

Article

Ismael Gutiérrez Pastor

Spanish painter and collector of Flemish descent. He was the grandson of Anton van Wingaerde and was trained in Madrid in the family tradition. After the death of Bartolomé González in c. 1627–8, he aspired to occupy the vacant post of Pintor del Rey, having served as Arquero de Corps since ...

Article

Dutch, 16th – 17th century, male.

Painter, collector.

Ferreris, who lived in Leiden, was a pupil of Antonio Moro and of Peeter and Frans Pourbus. His collection of paintings included works by Hans Holbein, Lucas van Leyden, Cornelis van Haarlem and others.

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Painter.

A still-life by an artist of the name Goutsblom features in the 1661 inventory of the Amsterdam collector Jacob de Bruyn.

Article

F. Hamilton Hazlehurst

French garden designer and collector. He was outstanding in his time for his innovation and skill in garden design, particularly in his work at Vaux-le-Vicomte, Versailles, and Chantilly, and his ardent disciples carried his gardening principles throughout France and beyond, so spreading his influence. Popular among contemporaries, he also enjoyed a special relationship with the traditionally aloof Louis XIV, who bestowed upon him the Order of St Lazare (later replaced by the even more prestigious Order of St Michel), a coat of arms, and, on his retirement, a princely pension. Although the original spelling of his name was Le Nostre, by the late 20th century the form of Le Nôtre had gained most currency....

Article

Oliver Millar, Diana Dethloff and Lin Barton

Dutch painter, draughtsman, and collector, active in England. By a combination of ability and good fortune, he rapidly established himself in mid-17th-century London as the natural successor in portrait painting to Anthony van Dyck. Between van Dyck’s death in 1641 and the emergence of William Hogarth in the 1730s, Lely and his successor, Godfrey Kneller, were the leading portrait painters in England. After the restoration of the monarchy in ...

Article

Edgar Peters Bowron

Italian painter, draughtsman, collector, dealer and teacher. He was one of the most significant and influential artists active in Rome in the first quarter of the 18th century. The son of a Florentine artisan, he trained in his native city under the direction of Anton Domenico Gabbiani and thoroughly absorbed the style of Pietro da Cortona and his late Baroque successors. In ...

Article

Spanish patron, painter and writer. He was the most remarkable of the patrons of the Baroque period in Seville. He came from a wealthy family, and his father owned an unremarkable collection of paintings. Mañara was a painter of some ability; his works were in several Sevillian collections. He led a dissolute existence until a series of family deaths prompted him to repent and adopt a devout and ascetic way of life. In ...

Article

Alessandra Civai

Italian family of patrons and collectors. Members of the family held important political positions in Florence, especially during the 15th century. One of their most important acts of patronage, recorded by Vasari, was the commissioning by Roberto Martelli (1408–64) of several sculptures from Donatello, including the famous statue of ...

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Active in The Hague.

Born c. 1648.

Painter, collector.

Michelet was a pupil of Cornelis Monincx.

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Born 1580, in Delft; died after 1620.

Painter, collector.

Montfoort was a pupil of Michiel Mierevelt.

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Active in The Hague.

Died 1701.

Painter, collector. Still-lifes, birds.

In 1692 Jacobus de Neys was in the guild in The Hague. He went to Rome with Matheus Terwesten, and there used the surname 'De Genereuse'. He died while travelling. He is known for his still-lifes and paintings of birds....