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Article

German, 17th century, male.

Active in Nuremberg at the beginning of the 17th century.

Painter.

Konrad Ammon gained his master status in Nuremberg following his test piece The Flight into Egypt, dated 22nd November 1611. His pupils were Hans Weber in 1613 and Hans Wenzel ...

Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Born 1637, in Oran, Algeria; died 1703, in Madrid.

Painter.

Benavides was a pupil of Francisco Rizzi. In Madrid, where he worked for some time, he carried out the decorations for the Buen Retiro theatre. Later he was involved in the creation of decorative fresco paintings....

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Guinea.

Painter.

A pupil of Fromantiou and Vaillant, he made his first appearance in Berlin at the end of the 17th century. He entered the service of the Palatinate Princess of Brandenburg.

Article

Venetian ruler and patron. He was the longest-serving doge in the history of Venice. His reign was a period of constant warfare, during which Venice consolidated her hold on her mainland possessions and acquired further territory. His only surviving son, Jacopo Foscari (c. 1416–57...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Painter. History painting.

Carlo was the son and pupil of Lorenzo Garbieri. His Death of St Mary of Egypt is in the Bologna church of S Giovanni in Monte.

Article

Russian, 17th century, male.

Died c. 1664.

Painter.

Kasajez specialised in icon painting and worked at the court of the Tsars. He is known to have painted a St Alexis, a St Mary of Egypt and a Virgin in 1648. In 1652, he is thought to have overseen the painting of frescoes in the Cathedral of the Archangel in the Kremlin. He was also involved in the decoration of the church of the Trinity of Nikitniki in Moscow. His style contains elements of the baroque that dominated Russian painting of the 17th century....

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Milan 1619-1653.

Died in Legnano (Lombardy).

Painter, sculptor, engraver.

Giovanni Battista Lampugnani's work notably includes an engraving entitled Flight into Egypt; Entombment, and Allegories.

Article

Michael Curschmann

The medieval term mappa mundi (also forma mundi, historia/istoire) covers a broad array of maps of the world of which roughly 1100 survive. These have resisted systematic classification, but the clearly dominant type is one that aims at comprehensively symbolistic representation. Its early, schematic form is a disc composed of three continents surrounded and separated from one another by water (“T-O Map”) and associated with the three sons of Noah: Asia (Shem) occupies all of the upper half, Europe (Japhet) to the left and Africa (Ham) to the right share the lower half. Quadripartite cartographic schemes included the antipodes as a fourth continent, but the tripartite model was adopted by the large majority of the more developed world maps in use from the 11th century on and—with important variations—well into the Renaissance. While details were added as available space permitted, the Mediterranean continued to serve as the vertical axis and, with diminishing clarity, the rivers Don and Nile as the horizontal one. The map also continues to be ‘oriented’ towards Asia, where paradise sits at the very top. A circular ocean forms the perimeter and not infrequently the city of Jerusalem constitutes its centre....

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Born 1618; died 7 October 1672, in Madagascar, murdered.

Draughtsman.

Jean Nieuhoff was also a navigator. He is known for his illustrations of his voyage account, Embassy in Peking.

Article

Obelisk  

Erik Iversen

Square or rectangular shaft, usually monolithic, with tapering sides and a pyramidal apex, first developed in Egypt in the 3rd millennium bc but also popular in Europe in Roman times, the Renaissance and the 19th century.

The Egyptian name for the obelisk was tekhen, from a verb meaning ‘pierce’, while its apex, clearly considered as a distinct part, was known as ...

Article

Flemish, 17th century, male.

Active in Mechelenc.1604.

Painter. History painting.

Flemish School.

Michiel van Opstal was a pupil of Rombout von Avont in Mechelen. One of his paintings, Flight into Egypt, appeared at an auction in Antwerp in 1768.

Article

C. A. Keller

(reg c. 1290–c. 1279 bc). Egyptian ruler and patron, second ruler of the 19th Dynasty. The inclusion in his own titulary of the expression wehem–meswt (Egyp.: ‘renaissance’) explicitly stated the rationale for his vigorous political and architectural activity: in his aggressive military policy he sought to emulate the achievements of Tuthmosis III (...

Article

Italian painter. Reputed to have studied for two years with Titian in Venice, she painted portraits as well as historical and religious subjects (e.g. the Flight into Egypt, ex-Count F. di Maniago col.), but few works have been identified. Lanzi wrote that her majestic figures, soft gradations of colour and use of glazing were reminiscent of Titian (Ellet). A three-quarter-length portrait of her sister, ...