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Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born in Triana.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Antonio Arfián worked in Seville. He started out as a commercial artist and sold his works abroad, mainly to Spanish America. In 1550 he joined the studio of Vargas, who had recently returned from Italy, and worked hard at changing his style, taking advice from Vargas; his efforts were soon rewarded. Among his works is a panel for the high altar of Seville Cathedral (...

Article

Christian Norberg-Schulz

Norwegian architectural and furniture design partnership formed in 1922 by Gudolf Blakstad (b Gjerpen, 19 May 1893; d Oslo, 1986) and Herman Munthe-Kaas (b Christiania [now Oslo], 25 May 1890; d Oslo, 5 March 1970). Blakstad was awarded his diploma as an architect at the Norwegian Institute of Technology in Trondheim in 1916. He collaborated with Jens Dunker on the New Theatre, Oslo, from 1919 to 1929. After a preliminary training in Christiania, Munthe-Kaas finished his education at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm in 1919.

From the beginning of their careers Blakstad and Munthe-Kaas played a leading role in Norwegian architecture. After studying in Italy in the early 1920s, they advocated Neo-classicism in architectural projects, furniture designs and writings. In 1922 they won the competition for the new Town Hall in Haugesund (1924–31), a major work of 20th-century Norwegian Neo-classicism. Above a powerfully rusticated basement, the long office wing with its regular fenestration contrasts with the higher City Council Hall, accentuated by pairs of monumental, free-standing columns. In general the effect is of robust strength and an exciting interplay of horizontals and verticals....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 19 November 1889, in Verdun; died 25 June 1972.

Painter, draughtswoman, humorist artist, watercolourist, illustrator, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes. Church decoration, furniture, frescoes, designs for tapestry, posters, costumes.

The third child of Edouard Branly, a doctor, Elisabeth Branly trained with Claire Chevalet, as well as with Jacques Cancaret at the Académie Julian until ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 May 1869, in Wachbach bei Mergentheim; died 1926, in Dresden.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects. Murals, designs (furniture, fabrics, carpets).

Jugendstil.

Otto Gussmann first attended classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Stuttgart, then at the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin under Max Koch. After this, he entered the academy in Berlin, where he was supervised by Josef Scheurenberg. In ...

Article

Christian Norberg-Schulz

(b Christiania [now Oslo], Aug 14, 1900; d Cuzco, Peru, Aug 29, 1968).

Norwegian architect and designer. He graduated as an architect from the Norwegian Polytechnic in Trondheim in 1926. He worked as an assistant to architects in Oslo and in 1928 travelled extensively in Europe before starting his own practice in Oslo with Sverre Aasland (b 1899) in 1929. Together they designed the Frøen housing development (1929–30), the block of flats at Pavels Gate 6 (1930), Oslo, the Havna housing development, Oslo, including Villa Dammann (1930–32), and a grain silo in Kristiansand (1933–6).

Korsmo was a major exponent of the Modern Movement in Norway during the 1930s, and continued to expound its tenets after World War II. His first important work, the Villa Dammann, is a good illustration of his sensitive and original approach. It is reminiscent of the work of Erich Mendelsohn and W. M. Dudok: the exterior walls are concrete, interrupted in places by brick. A large, semi-cylindrical projection on the south side accommodates the living-room, and it is broken only by a horizontal strip of windows, set high so as to give a large wall area for the display of a painting collection inside....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1 July 1873, in Leipzig; died 1957, in Heidelberg.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, poster artist. Religious subjects, portraits. Murals, designs (glassware and furniture).

Paul Otto Rössler studied first at the Art Academy of Leipzig from 1893 to 1898 then at the Dresden Academy. He taught decorative painting at the Kunstgewerbeschule at Dresden ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1895; died 1980, in Safed.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist. Scenes with figures, religious subjects.

Shalom-of-Safed was a watchmaker of Polish-Russian exraction who began painting at the age of 60 in order to illustrate the Bible to his grandchildren. His naive creations included graphic elements inspired by tribal art....

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Active from 1905 in France.

Born 12 February 1884, in Smolensk; died 14 May 1957, in Nogent-sur-Marne, France.

Painter, sculptor, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits. Stage sets, furniture.

Maria Vassileva began her studies in medicine in St Petersburg from 1902, but switched to the fine art academy. Having received a travel grant, she arrived in Paris in 1905. She went back there in 1907 and finally settled there. A Russian news correspondent, she was a student of Matisse at the same time. She then got to know Max Jacob, among others. It was perhaps as a result of the article on Matisse that she published in the ...

Article

Swiss, 18th century, male.

Born 14 November 1719, in Kaiserstuhl; died 25 August 1789, in Kaiserstuhl.

Sculptor (wood/stone). Religious subjects, figures. Low reliefs, ornaments, armorials, furniture, religious furnishings.

Franz Ludwig Wind devoted himself to sculpture on wood and stone, and interpreted the Baroque style in an original style that he used all his life. He specialised in ornamentation in churches and on stalls, figures of saints and coats of arms for town halls. In the town of Zurzach the central pillar of the bridge over the Rhine, depicting St John Nepomuk, is his work, as is the main gate of the castle of Schwarz-Wasserstelz, near Zurzach....