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Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active in Bologna in 1352.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Bolognese School.

A monk, Giovanni Acario produced a number of different works for the Dominican convent, including the altarpiece for the high altar in the chapel of S Domenico.

Article

French, 14th – 15th century, male.

Active in Amiens between 1389 and 1416.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Amiens School.

The town archives in Amiens hold a receipt from Adam de France dated 1416. He is known to have produced various figures of saints.

Article

German, 14th – 15th century, male.

Born at the end of the 14th century, probably in Worms.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Adam de Wurmbs' name first appears in archives dated 26 November 1408. In 1421 he lived in Nuremberg. On 10 July 1423 he gave up his right to reside there. Two paintings in the church of St Sebald are attributed to him based on dates: ...

Article

[Khwāja ‛Abd al-Ḥayy]

(fl c. 1374; d Samarkand, 1405).

Illustrator and painter. According to the Safavid chronicler Dust Muhammad, ‛Abd al-Hayy trained under Shams al-Din at Baghdad during the reign of the Jalayirid sultan Uways I (reg 1356–74) and became the leading painter under his son Ahmad (reg 1382–1410), who was also ‛Abd al-Hayy’s pupil. When Timur took Baghdad, ‛Abd al-Hayy was sent to Samarkand, either in 1393 or in 1401, where he spent the rest of his life. He seems to have specialized in monochrome ink drawings: Dust Muhammad recorded that ‛Abd al-Hayy’s pupil, Ahmad Jalayir, contributed a black-and-white drawing to a manuscript of the Abūsa‛īdnāma (‘Book of Abu Sa‛id’), and a number of examples attributed to the late 14th century and preserved in various albums (e.g. Berlin, Staatsbib. Preuss. Kultbes., Orientabt. Diez A. 70–73) bear the notation that they were copied from ‛Abd al-Hayy’s drawings by Muhammad ibn Mahmud Shah Khayyam. In his album (Istanbul, Topkapı Pal. Lib., H. ...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active in Venice.

Died before 1397.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Venetian School.

The academy of fine arts in Venice has a tripytch by Jacopo Albaregno. It shows Christ on the Cross with St John and Mary and to the sides, St Jerome and St Augustine....

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Born 1330, in Zevio, near Verona; died before 1393.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Paduan School, Veronese School.

Altichiero is one of the most interesting of the early masters, and has recently received a great deal of scholarly attention. Among his earliest works (c. ...

Article

Italian, 14th – 15th century, male.

Born 1352; died 30 October 1429.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects, genre scenes.

In 1387, Ambrogio di Baldese painted the tabernacle above which was to be placed a statue of the Virgin carved by Alberto Arnoldi for the Compagnia del Bigallo...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

According to some biographers, Andrea da Bologna is an alternative name for the miniaturist Andrea di Guido, who was alive in 1382. He is believed to have executed an altarpiece dated 1369 (in the museum in Fermo) and a panel showing the ...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Died 1377 or 1379.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Florentine School.

From 1366 to 1368, Andrea da Firenze was among the artists working on the frescoes in the Spanish chapel at S Maria Novella in Florence. These include The Passion of Christ; The Victory of the Church Militant; The Triumph of St Thomas...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Rome (Borgia Mus.): Madonna (1334, attributed)

Article

Italian, 14th – 15th century, male.

Active in Siena.

Born c. 1332; died c. 1413 or 1414.

Painter. Religious subjects. Frescoes.

Sienese School.

Andrea di Vanni d'Andrea was involved in the politics of his native town, though this did not prevent him producing some distinguished works, few of which, however, survive today. In ...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active Venetian painter, active between 1340 and 1370.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Angelo da Venezia executed an altarpiece of St Onofrius that can be seen in the church of S Giovanni in Lucca.

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Orvieto School.

Angelo di Lippo worked at Orvieto Cathedral on the choir vault. A stained glass painter of the same name is mentioned in 1433 as one of the artists working on Florence Cathedral.

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active in Bettona.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Antonio da Foligno worked for many years for S Maria Maggiore on a gonfalon which still survives, one side of which shows the Crucifixion of Christ.

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Born before 1340, in Venice; died after 1387, in Florence.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Florentine School.

Antonio Veneziano received his early training in Venice before going to Florence where he was a pupil of Taddeo, not of Agnolo Gaddi as Vasari claims. In ...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

The Aretino Master was active around 1350, and was in Giotto's circle.

Milan, 2 Dec 1993: Resurrection of St John the Evangelist (tempera/panel, 15¼ × 18in/39 × 46cm) ITL 103,500,000

Bologna, Ferdinando: Novita su Giotto...

Article

Arihisa  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures.

Kose no Arihisa was the third son of Kose no Ariyuku and held important positions at court. His works include the portrait of two Mandarins and an image of Benzaiten, Goddess of Fortune. He worked at the temple of Kyoogokokuji in Kyoto between ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active in Genoa in 1367.

Born in Modena.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Genoese School.

It seems likely that, up to 1380, Barnaba da Modena worked in Liguria and Piedmont. He then went to Pisa to complete the frescoes of the ...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

The name Bartolino da Piacenza appears at the bottom of the St John the Baptist niche on the baptismal fonts at Parma (one of 16 niches in total). Crowe and Cavalcaselle also attribute frescoes to the artist, including the fragment of the 14th-century St Lucy fresco, which is the best preserved....