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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 March 1942, in Montluçon (Allier).

Painter, collage artist, engraver. Religious subjects. Murals.

Jean-Louis Arbaretaz was a pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he was awarded the second Grand Prix de Rome for engraving in 1966. Primarily an engraver, he frequently took religious themes for his subject matter, in a dark, even disturbing chromatic and psychological climate....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1909 , in Dublin; died 28 April 1992 , in Madrid.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, role="theme">animals.

School of London.

Francis Bacon’s father was an English racehorse trainer. He spent part of his childhood with his maternal grandmother in Ireland. He suffered from asthma as a child and had no conventional schooling. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 October 1840, in Monza (Lombardy); died 15 May 1904, in Milan.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. History painting, figures, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, seascapes, church interiors.

Mosè di Giosue Bianchi studied under Giuseppe Bertini at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan. He travelled in the course of his studies to Rome, Venice and Paris (where he exhibited successfully for the first time in ...

Article

Eleanor Heartney

(b Bangkok, Feb 25, 1953; d Bangkok, Aug 25, 2000).

Thai sculptor and installation artist. Boonma studied at the Poh Chang Arts and Crafts School, Bangkok (1971–3) and went on to study painting at Silpakorn University, Bangkok (1974–8). He became a Buddhist monk in 1986 and his work explores a distinctively Buddhist art language. His early work dealt with environmental issues that came out of his concerns about the effects of industrialization on rural Thailand. Increasingly his work became involved with issues of illness and death as his own health faltered. He subtly melded natural forms, Buddhist architecture and ritual objects with a minimalist sense of structure inspired by his study of Western art. He fashioned sculptural objects based on Buddhist alms bowls, ‘painted’ with healing herbs and created walls and enclosures from stacks of hundreds of ceramic temple bells.

From 1991 Boonma’s wife struggled with breast cancer, until she succumbed in 1994. During this period the pair turned to both Western and Eastern tools to battle her disease, alternating chemotherapy with visits to shrines and offerings to propitious spirits. In ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Born 1915 or 1916, in Huelva; died 1991.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, collage artist, illustrator, scenographer. Religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, horse racing scenes, still-lifes. Murals, stage sets.

Caballero gave up engineering studies to enter the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in ...

Article

Julia Detchon

(b Lübeck, 1937).

Uruguayan conceptual artist, critic, educator, and curator of German birth, active in the USA. Of Jewish ancestry, he fled with his family to Uruguay in 1939. He studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes in 1953–1957 and 1959–1962, working with students to reform the school’s curriculum. In 1961, a Guggenheim fellowship took him to New York to study printmaking. Though he retained his Uruguayan citizenship, he settled permanently in New York, where he taught at the Pratt Graphics Art Center; co-founded the New York Graphic Workshop in 1964 with Liliana Porter (b 1941) and José Guillermo Castillo (1938–1999); and in 1971 helped establish New York’s Museo Latinoamericano and its subsequent splinter group, the Movimiento de Independencia Cultural de Latino América. From the 1970s, political repression in Latin America inspired a series of conceptual installations that addressed such issues as language, identity, freedom, political violence, and the role of art. For Camnitzer, the task of the artist was to identify and express the problems that surrounded him, transforming art into a political instrument. His questioning of traditional values applied not only to the themes of his work, but to its material form; employing objects of little intrinsic value, he rejected traditional notions of art as beautiful and of commercial worth....

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1654, in Rome; died 1724, in Rome.

Painter (mixed media). Religious subjects.

A pupil and assistant of Carlo Maratti. Together with Niccolò Berrettoni, he was one of Maratti's most talented successors. He completed his first official commission (a Birth of the Virgin...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 June 1886, in Paris; died 8 July 1972, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), pastellist, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, nudes, portraits, still-lifes (flowers/fruit). Church decoration, murals, banknotes.

Clément-Serveau studied in Paris at the École des Arts Decoratifs and under Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts, where he was awarded the Chenavard Prize. He began as a Realist but demonstrated an acute awareness of current art trends at the turn of the century. As a friend of Louis Marcoussis, he was not unaffected by Cubism; this is most evident in his dense composition, the superimposition of various 'screens', and the overall reduction of form to geometric shapes, all of which are hallmarks of his style between 1930 and 1950. He subsequently turned to Abstraction, yet contrived to sustain a highly personal sense of harmony and balance in his compositions.He painted outsize mural decorations, notably ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1892, in Chicago; died 1973, in Plains (Illinois).

Painter, watercolourist, collage artist, illustrator.

Art Brut.

Henry J. Darger worked as a handyman at the Catholic mission of the Little Sisters of the Poor, who took him in when his father died, and then in various hospitals in Chicago....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...

Article

Norwegian, 20th century, female.

Active in the USA.

Installation artist, assemblage artist.

Lisa Floistad works on the depiction of woman in the Catholic imagination (the virgin, the courtesan...), selecting details from paintings which she enlarges using a photocopier and reveals desire and masculine sexuality. She has shown her works in solo exhibitions including ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Marcilly-sur-Eure from 1984.

Born 10 March 1946, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figure compositions, genre scenes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Gérard Garouste was mostly self-taught. He went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a brief period in ...

Article

Filipino, 20th century, female.

Active in France fromc.1972.

Born 4 June 1942, in Guimbal (Iloilo), Philippines.

Engraver, collage artist. Figure compositions, religious subjects.

Ofélia Gelvezon-Téqui graduated in art from the University of the Philippines in 1964, and again in 1966, in English. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1905.

Engraver, draughtswoman, collage artist, watercolourist. Religious subjects, nudes, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures, animals.

Mercédès Guingot enrolled in the engraving courses run by Jean Delpech, where she learnt dry-point engraving and etching. She showed her works in solo exhibitions, including the Maison du Bailly in Épinal in ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

(b Shiraz, Jan 15, 1955).

Iranian sculptor and installation artist, active in England. She left Iran in 1973 and studied at the Chelsea School of Art, London (1976–9), then was a junior fellow at Cardiff College of Art (1979–80). Although she settled in London and was often bracketed with a group of young British sculptors, including Anish Kapoor and Richard Deacon, her work was distinguished by the interpretation of a Persian cultural background through Western sculptural language. Her early work consisted of allusive environments and biomorphic sculptural forms, demonstrating an attempt, echoed in later work, to embody spiritual concepts physically. As it developed, her work became more autonomous, austere and concerned with materials that could symbolize a spiritual transcendence of materiality (see figs 1 and 2; see image page for alternate views). The drawings Dancing around my Ghost (graphite and acrylic on paper, 7 parts, each 1.0×1.0 m, 1992–3...

Article

Jean Robertson

(b Jerusalem, 1969).

Israeli sculptor and video, performance and installation artist. She studied at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem, where she was awarded a BFA in 1994 and continued post-graduate studies in 1995. She spent a semester at the Cooper Union School of Art and Design, New York, as an exchange student in 1993. She moved to Tel Aviv in 1996. Landau represented Israel in 1997 at the Venice Biennale and participated in Documenta X that same summer. Since then she became internationally known for complex, ambitious installations that have included video projections, decaying materials such as rotting fruit and cotton candy, and sometimes life-size Ecorché (flayed) figures fashioned by the artist of Papier mâché with surfaces that look like bloody sinew. From 2005, Landau submerged various objects in the Dead Sea then dried them in the desert sun, the salt coating forming a crystallized surface; some are found objects, others are sculptural forms made of barbed wire. The salt-encrusted objects—including lampshade-like forms—became components of installations. She also made individual sculptures of bronze and other materials....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963, in Montevideo.

Installation artist, draughtsman.

Lanzarini's work draws on the history of his country, shaken by years of dictatorship. His installations with their references to Catholicism and Marxism-Leninism convey the sense of a search for cultural identity. He lives and works in Montevideo. He has taken part in collective exhibitions, including: Havana Biennale and, in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, collage artist, installation artist, performance artist, writer on art.

Fabio Mauri grew up in Milan from 1929 and settled in Rome in 1956. From 1949 to 1954 he painted religious subjects in an Expressionist style. He then turned to the Piazza del Popolo school, producing works based on popular culture and entertainment. In the late 1950s he wrote the plays ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958, in Paris.

Installation artist, painter (including mixed media). Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

R. V. Miloux studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Orléans, then at the École des Arts Appliqués in Paris. He is an art teacher. He worked on the theme of Christ in the series ...