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Article

Marcella Nesom-Sirhandi

(b Delhi, India, Feb 4, 1941; d Lahore, Pakistan, Jan 18, 1999).

Pakistani painter, sculptor and printmaker. Educated in Pakistan and abroad, he has consciously and successfully synthesized Eastern and Western aesthetic traditions. In 1963, a year after graduating from the National College of Arts, Lahore, he joined the faculty as a lecturer in art, later becoming a professor and head of the Department of Fine Arts. His studies abroad have included post-graduate work in London (1966–7, 1968–9) and the United States (1987–9).

Like many of his colleagues, Zahoor was influenced by his mentor, Shakir ‛Ali, principal of the National College of Art from 1961 to 1975. Both artists were motivated by art history, philosophy and aesthetics. Zahoor’s non-figurative paintings of the 1960s evolved into tangible—though not always realistic—images addressing the dualities of space and time, East and West. Most of his triptychs and single canvases were conceived within a grid that provides a stabilizing structure for their compositions. This grid refers to Zahoor’s admiration for the American artist ...

Article

Arnige  

Ian Alsop and Kashinath Tamot

[Chin. Anige; A-ni-ke; A-ni-ko; Nepalese: Arnike]

(b c. 1244; d c. 1306).

Nepalese sculptor, architect, and painter who worked in Tibet and China. A Newar from the Kathmandu Valley, Anige is now honoured in his native land as Nepal’s most famous artist of early times. He left his home at the age of 17 or 18, joining the myriads of wandering Newar artists who served the courts of the great lamas and emperors of Tibet and China. He so impressed his patrons at the court of the Mongol Yuan dynasty (1279–1368) that he eventually rose to a position of prominence as the director of the imperial workshops at the capital of Dadu, now Beijing.

No trace of Anige’s life and works has survived in Nepal, but this is not surprising given the dearth of historical records (as is the case throughout the Indian subcontinent), and the fact that artists were generally anonymous. Further, as Anige left the valley at a young age, his artistic distinction was almost entirely achieved in foreign lands....

Article

R. Siva Kumar

(b Bankura, May 25, 1906; d Calcutta, Aug 2, 1980).

Indian sculptor and painter . The example of rural craftsmen inspired him to paint curtains for village theatre and posters for the nationalist demonstrations before he was taken in 1925 to the art college at Santiniketan in West Bengal by the nationalist leader, publisher and patron Ramananda Chatterjee (1865–1943). He was initially influenced by Abanindranath Tagore and Nandalal Bose but soon developed an individual perception and a keen interest in sculpture. His early outdoor sculptures, such as Sujata (1935), Santal Family (1939) and the Lamp Stand (1940), were made in situ in Santiniketan in concrete and were environmental in scale and theme.

Although best known for his sculpture, as a painter Baij, along with Benode Behari Mukherjee, was one of the first Indian artists to show a deep understanding of modern Western art. In the late 1930s and early 1940s he made reference in his formal language to Post-Impressionism, Cubism and Futurism, although he consistently derived his imagery from immediate visual experience. The combination of these influences with his natural ...

Article

Vietnamese, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1968.

Painter, sculptor, draughtswoman, pastellist. Figure compositions, figures.

Bich Hai was born in the Chinese-Vietnamese border region and spent time in refugee camps during the Vietnam wars. Later she settled in Saigon (now Ho Chi Mihn City) with her family and studied at the local school of fine arts, producing drawings and pastels of trees and flowers in an oriental manner. In ...

Article

Vietnamese, 20th century, female.

Active also active in France.

Born 18 August 1920, in Hue; died 28 January 2002, in Hue.

Sculptor, draughtswoman.

After studying in Hanoi and Paris, Diem Phung Thi abandoned her career as a dentist and devoted herself to sculpture. Between 1959...

Article

Vietnamese, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Ben Tre Province, South Vietnam.

Sculptor, painter. Statues, busts.

A student at the school of fine arts in Hanoi between 1940 and 1944, Diep Minh Chau also graduated from the school of fine arts in Prague. His output reflects his political views and he is best known for his sculpture of ...

Article

Dinh Ru  

Vietnamese, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Phuoc Son, near Phan Rang.

Painter, sculptor.

Dinh Ru is known principally for his sculptures in wood, which are sometimes highlighted with polychrome paint. His favourite subject is the female form. Some of his works are very rough in appearance, showing the influence of the art of various ethnic groups; others have more carefully rendered details, forging a link with art of the Champa civilisation....

Article

Filipino, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1972, in Las Piñas City, Manila, Philippines.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects, socio-political themes.

Folk art, symbolism.

Anting-Anting Group.

Alfredo Esquillo Jr. graduated from the University of Santo Tomas College of Fine Arts in 1993. He first gained recognition when he won first prize in the ASEAN Art Awards in ...

Article

Anis Farooqi

(b Jhelum, West Punjab [now in Pakistan], Dec 25, 1925).

Indian painter, sculptor, printmaker and architect. Totally deaf from the age of 13, he studied painting at the Mayo School of Art, Lahore, from 1939 to 1944, and then at the Sir Jamshetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art, Bombay, from 1944 to 1947. After independence and the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, he pursued his artistic career in India and for several years expressed in his work the anguish of the partition. From 1952 to 1954 he studied at the Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, and from 1953 to 1954 worked under David Alfaro Siqueiros on murals in University City, MI. He was also influenced by the work of the Mexican artist José Clemente Orozco, especially by his use of large forms and his treatment of human anatomy. In his paintings of this period, such as Despair (1954; oil, 0.9×0.9 m; New Delhi, N.G. Mod. A.) and ...

Article

(b Peshawar, Oct 25, 1926).

Pakistani painter and sculptor. He began painting while training as an engineer in the USA (Columbia and Harvard universities) and held his first exhibition in 1950. He continued to paint while secretary at the Pakistan embassy at Ottawa during the 1950s, developing a reputation for portraiture. In 1957 he was commissioned to paint the portrait of King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan, and in 1959 he held an exhibition of 151 paintings and sketches in Kabul. He also painted portraits of Prince Karim Aga Khan (1961), Zhou Enlai (1964), Queen Farah Diba of Iran (1965) and President Ayub Khan of Pakistan (1968). He then turned to making portraits from marble mosaic and semi-precious stones, a technique that he had developed in Kabul in 1959. His abstract paintings, produced since the 1960s, incorporate ornamental calligraphy, coloured beads, small pieces of mirror, and gold and silver leaf. These works include a large abstract mural painted in ...

Article

Richard Cork

(b India, Feb 15, 1884; d Cookham, Berks, March 13, 1959).

English painter, designer, ceramicist and sculptor. He studied at the Slade School of Fine Art between 1899 and 1903, where Wyndham Lewis was a fellow student, and then taught art at Clifton College (1907–10). It seems that Hamilton was in sympathy with avant-garde developments since he was involved c. 1912 with the Cave of the Golden Calf, the audacious cabaret club decorated with murals and sculpture by Jacob Epstein, Eric Gill, Charles Ginner, Spencer Gore and Wyndham Lewis. His work was shown in the final month of Roger Fry’s Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition (January 1913) in London, and later that year he joined the Omega Workshops, designing furniture, clothes and avant-garde interiors. In October 1913, however, he left Omega with Frederick Etchells, Lewis and Edward Wadsworth in protest against Fry’s policy.

Hamilton’s work was included in the ‘Cubist Room’ section of the Camden Town Group and Others...

Article

Vietnamese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1943, in Vietnam.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor.

Kim Hamisky’s painting initially came close to lyrical abstraction, but in 1970-71 he suddenly started to produce creations in lacquered wood, which represented frames and with empty space where the canvas would traditionally be. Sometimes certain motifs (zig-zags, balls) starting from the frame run across the hollow space like force lines; this is a persistent motif. Hamisky moved on from these picture-objects to sculpture, and his ...

Article

Indonesian, 20th century, male.

Active in the Netherlands from 1938.

Born 1924, in Sabang, Indonesia.

Engraver, painter, collage artist, sculptor, draughtsman.

A self-taught artist, Anton Heyboer lived in Curaçao in the Dutch Antilles from 1933 to 1938.

He was in a concentration camp in 1943...

Article

R. Siva Kumar

(b Chittagong, April 13, 1921).

Indian printmaker, sculptor and painter. He began with visual reporting of the 1943 Bengal famine for the Communist Party organ Jannayuddha (People’s War); he was also associated with the 1946 peasant unrest. Later, at the Calcutta Art School, he mastered traditional printmaking media. He devoted himself seriously to printmaking in the 1950s, developing viscosity printing independently in ...

Article

Vietnamese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1940.

Born 1921 or 1922, in Bich-La-Dong (Quang Tai, Hue); died 7 March 2015, in Paris.

Painter, printmaker, lithographer, draughtsman, sculptor. Stage costumes and sets.

Le Ba Dang came to Paris in 1939 and studied at the Écoles des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse and then Paris. He had his first solo exhibition at the Galerie du Globe in Paris in ...

Article

Vietnamese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1965, in Hanoi.

Painter, sculptor.

Le Dinh Bao studied at the school of fine arts in Hanoi. He specialises in traditional painting. His work has been shown in various collective exhibitions including Vietnam. Thirty Years of Painting from War to Peace...

Article

Malayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Switzerland from 1971.

Born 1948, in Sabah, Borneo.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman.

Lawrence Lee’s work was shown at the From Bonnard to Baselitz: A Decade of Acquisitions by the Prints Collection 1978–1988 ( De Bonnard à Baselitz - Dix ans d’enrichissements du cabinet des estampes 1978–1988...

Article

Filipino, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1926, in Manila.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, designer. Figures, landscapes, cityscapes, genre scenes.

Neo-Realists.

Arturo Luz began his art lessons under the painter Pablo Amorsolo. He studied at the University of Santo Tomas College of Fine Arts and received a scholarship to attend the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland, California, from which he graduated in ...

Article

Anis Farooqi

(b Kapadvanj, Gujarat, July 26, 1925; d Mumbai, July 2, 2009).

Indian painter, sculptor and film maker. He studied painting from 1947 to 1952 at the Sir Jamshetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art, Bombay, where he became acquainted with akbar Padamsee and was a close associate of the painters in the Progressive Artists’ Group. In 1954 he visited London and Paris for four months, then returned to India to devote himself to painting and sculpture. He took part in several group exhibitions and held his first solo exhibition of drawings, paintings and sculptures at the Jehangir Art Gallery, Bombay, in 1959. From 1959 to 1965 he lived and worked in London, exhibiting his paintings at the Bear Lane Gallery, Oxford (1962), among other locations. From 1965 to 1968 he lived in Delhi and in 1968 visited New York on a fellowship from the J. D. Rockefeller III Fund. By that time he was an acknowledged figure in contemporary Indian art. His paintings of the 1970s include ...

Article

Filipino, 20th century, male.

Active settled and naturalised in the USA from 1930.

Born 2 August 1916, in Manila; died 1990, in East Hampton (New York).

Painter, collage artist, assemblage artist, engraver, draughtsman, sculptor, illustrator, mixed media.

Alfonso Ossorio spent his childhood in Great Britain and in ...