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Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born in Nucourt (Val-d'Oise).

Painter. Figures, still-lifes, flowers.

Achenbach was a pupil of Gustave Courtois, H. Royer and the realist painter Dagnan-Bouveret. She worked in Paris, where she exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants and the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, first in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1871; died 1957.

Painter. Figures, genre scenes, animals.

Edmund Adler, who painted in an extremely controlled Realist style as far as detail is concerned, specialised in scenes from childhood.

New York, 13 Oct 1978: Children Watching a Frog in a Jar...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1777, in Rome; died 1858.

Sculptor.

Carlo Albacini was inspired by Canova but sought to give his works a more Realist expression, which reduced them to exaggeration. His Realism ultimately bordered on coarseness, notably in some of his statuettes which appeared in the Chapel of Pescivendoli in Rome. Copies of statues of the antiquities are attributed to him, including ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 11 November 1854, in Naples.

Sculptor.

Vincenzo Alfano was a pupil of Morelli and Palizzi. He was one of the most interesting personalities of the Italian Realist school. Abandoning Classical formulas, he sought to give life's emotional intensity to his terracotta objects. His work attracted both violent opposition and ardent support. His statue of ...

Article

(b Orléans, March 7, 1817; d Paris, Feb 26, 1878).

French painter. He was taught at the school of drawing in Orléans by a local painter, François Salmon (1781–1855). On 9 October 1837 he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, first in the atelier of Sebastien Norblin de la Gourdaine (1796–1884). A year later he became a pupil of Paul Delaroche, from whom he acquired his understanding of dramatic composition.

Antigna exhibited at the Salon for the first time in 1841 with a religious canvas, the Birth of Christ (untraced), and showed there every year for the rest of his life. Until 1845 his exhibits were primarily religious scenes and portraits. Influenced by the effects of industrialization and the sufferings of the urban working class, which he witnessed at first hand while living in the poor quarter of the Ile St Louis in Paris, he turned towards contemporary social subjects dominated by poverty and hardship. The ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 7 March 1817, in Orléans; died 26 February 1878, in Paris.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes.

Realism.

Alexandre Antigna travelled to Paris at the suggestion of André Salamon, then professor of composition at a college in Orléans. He enrolled in Norblin's workshop before going on to work for seven years under the direction of Paul Delaroche. He exhibited at Paris salons on a regular basis from 1841 and was awarded the Légion d'Honneur in 1861. His work was principally on religious themes but, from 1841 to 1846, he took an increasing interest in genre painting. His style brings together observation of nature with studio poses and mannerisms observed from painters such as Daumier....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1879, in Naples.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Aprea was a pupil of the history painter Domenico Morelli and the Realist painter Filippo Palizzi at the fine art academy in Naples. As early as 1900 he showed his painting Queen of the Sky...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1854, in Argentière-La-Bessée (Hautes-Alpes); died 1921, in Beaume-des-Arnauds (Hautes-Alpes).

Painter. Landscapes.

Marie Joséphine Arnaud's landscapes have a quality of such objective Realism that they evoke what was later to become Hyperrealistic painting.

Gap (Mus. départemental): Farmyard in Ribiers

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1913.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Lucien Frédéric Arrieu was a Realist and sought out anecdotal or picturesque subjects.

Paris, 29 May 1964: Abandoned Canvas, FRF 2,000

Paris, 5 July 1994: Still-life with Bottle (oil on canvas, 23½ × 11¾ ins/60 × 30 cm) ...

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Göteborg.

Painter.

After starting out doing collages in 1966, Gert Aspelin turned to Realist paintings with a didactic purpose. He has exhibited regularly, in solo and collective shows in Stockhom, since 1966.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1844, in Brienne-le-Château; died 23 January 1931, in Périgueux.

Painter. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes. Wall decorations.

Realism.

Jules-Charles Aviat was the son of a bolting (flour-sifting) machine operator, Jean Baptiste Mauperrin, and Marie Marguerite Doux. After the death of her husband, Marie married Pierre Antoine Aviat by whom she had two more children. In ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1906, in Craiova.

Painter. Portraits, local scenes.

A pupil of N. Tonitza at the fine arts academy in Jasi, Corneliu Baba like most Romanian artists of the time, produced work strictly realist in character. He specialised in scenes from the life of peasants and labourers. He travelled to the Soviet Union, Bulgaria and Italy. He exhibited, from ...

Article

Norwegian, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 21 January 1845, in Holmestrand; died 1932, in Oslo.

Painter. Portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, still-lifes.

Realism.

Harriet Backer studied under J.F. Eckersberg at the school he established in Oslo. After spending time in Berlin and Weimar, she continued her studies in Italy in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919.

Painter. Landscapes with figures.

A student at the I. Repin institute in Leningrad, working under the direction of Mikhail Avilov, Leonid Baikov was linked to the 19th academic tradition through his realist style and choice of subjects. He became a member of the Union of the Artists of the USSR and from ...

Article

Gabriel P. Weisberg

French family of painters. Jean-Antoine Bail (b Chasseley, Rhône, 8 April 1830; d Nesle-la-Vallée, 20 Oct 1919) was largely self-taught, but he received some training at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Lyon before showing the intimate, monochromatic Artist’s Studio (Saint-Etienne, Mus. A. & Indust.) at the Salon there in 1854. He subsequently showed works at the Paris Salon, beginning in 1861 with The Cherries (untraced), and he exhibited at the Salon of the Société des Artistes Français, Paris, until 1898. He was recognized by contemporary critics as the artist who best exemplified the realist tradition in provincial themes. He used models who posed in his studio on the Ile St Louis for his paintings of cooks and maids, and many of his interior scenes, with their intimate figural groupings and close attention to detail, display an awareness of Chardin and Dutch 17th-century painting. Sensitive portraits such as the ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Giorgio Baldero continued in the much-criticised 'realist' bambocciati style - originally popularized in Rome by the 17th-century Dutch painter Pieter van Laer (1592-1642) - that revived and sustained the tenebrist naturalism of Caravaggio.

Paris, 10 Dec 1982...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Plougoumelen.

Sculptor, painter (mixed media).

Bauduin's sculptures, which have a clear geometric tendency, are often realised in plastic materials, such as synthetic resins, and in metal. Bauduin has taken part in group exhibitions, including: Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui, Salon de la Jeune Sculpture, Salon de Mai. He took part in ...

Article

Valérie M. C. Bajou

(b Montpellier, Dec 6, 1841; d Beaune-la-Rolande, Nov 28, 1870).

French painter. The son of a senator, he was born into the wealthy Protestant middle class in Montpellier. He soon came into contact with the contemporary and still controversial painting of Eugène Delacroix and Gustave Courbet through the Montpellier collector, Alfred Bruyas. In response to his family’s wishes he began to study medicine in 1860. He moved to Paris in 1862 and devoted his time increasingly to painting. In November 1862 he entered the studio of Charles Gleyre where he produced academic life drawings (examples in Montpellier, Mus. Fabre) and made friends with the future Impressionists, Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley. When the studio closed in 1863, he did not look for another teacher but followed his friends to Chailly, near the forest of Fontainebleau, where he made studies from nature (e.g. Study of Trees; priv. col.). From 1863 he took an active part in Parisian musical life, attending the Pasdeloup and Conservatoire concerts. He developed a passion for opera (Berlioz and Wagner in particular) and German music (Beethoven and Schumann). He attended the salon of his cousins, the Lejosne family, where Henri Fantin-Latour, Charles Baudelaire, Edmond Maître, Renoir and Edouard Manet were frequent guests, and at the end of ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Ireneusz Bec worked instinctively, producing work that was spontaneous, rendered by energetically building up layers of paint. Occasionally realist elements such as objects appear in otherwise abstract compositions.

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1917, in St Maria Oudenhove.

Painter, caricaturist. Landscapes.

Beerens' realist landscapes principally render the quality of light. He also produced satirical paintings that teem with simplified figures.