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Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Painter. Figures, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes.

Maurice Bonfils’ Post-Impressionist landscapes are often a nostalgic throwback to his time in Lebanon. At times, not least in his still-lifes, there is the merest suggestion of Cubist geometricisation. He shows his work at group exhibitions in Lebanon and in France, including the Paris Salon d’Automne (...

Article

Thai, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Japan.

Born 1911, in Bangkok.

Painter. Landscapes.

Chitr Prakit Buabusaya trained in 1941 at the fine arts academy in Tokyo, where he mastered the impressionist technique. Many of his major works were destroyed in the bombing of Tokyo and the artist was only able to save works of small dimensions. He was the first Thai artist to work in a purely French impressionist style....

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1901, in Rotterdam; died 1968.

Painter. Genre scenes, figures, landscapes.

Erfmann attended the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam. During a sojourn in Indonesia he painted landscapes in an Impressionist style, whereas he is renowned in Holland as a Magical-Realist painter.

Amsterdam, 11 May 1982...

Article

Polish, 19th century, male.

Born 1867, in Warsaw.

Painter. Landscapes.

Ivan Kostuwiczky went to Paris at the age of 20. He worked in the Louvre and followed the teachings of the Impressionists. He was travelling through Italy, Greece and Palestine and exhibiting in the major cities of Europe, when war broke out in ...

Article

Aya Louisa McDonald

[Kuroda, Kiyoteru; Seiki]

(b Kagoshima Prefect., June 29, 1866; d Tokyo, July 15, 1924).

Japanese painter. He is best known for introducing the plein-air palette of French Impressionism to Japan. He was the most successful and politically influential advocate of Western-style painting (Yōga; see Japan §VI 5., (iv)) in Japan at the turn of the century. Born into a wealthy aristocratic family, Kuroda was adopted by his uncle Viscount Kuroda Kiyotsuna (1830–1917) and educated in French and English in preparation for a career in the Foreign Service. In his teens he studied pencil sketching and watercolours under Hosoda Shūji (fl 19th century), a minor follower of the Western-style painter Takahashi Yūichi.

In 1884 Kuroda was sent to Paris to prepare for a career in law. It was then that his interest in art was reawakened, not only by the city of Paris itself but also by his contact and friendship with other Japanese such as Fuji Masazō (...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1898.

Painter, copyist.

The details of Li Yongsen’s life are uncertain. He was known in the West mainly for his scenes of France and his copies of works by the Impressionist painters Renoir and Sisley.

Taipei, 22 March 1992: Scenes of France...

Article

Marian Burleigh-Motley

(Sergeyevich)

(b Nakhchyvan’-on-Don [now Rostov-on-Don], Feb 28, 1880; d Yerevan, May 5, 1972).

Armenian painter and museum director. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture from 1897 to 1903 and then worked in the studios of Valentin Serov and Konstantin Korovin. He was a member of the Moscow Symbolist group around Pavel Kuznetsov who participated in the Crimson Rose (Alaya Roza) exhibition in Saratov, 1904, and the Blue Rose group’s exhibition in Moscow in 1907. Like the other members of the group, Saryan painted fantastic themes, sometimes based on folk tales, although in brighter colours and with stronger rhythmic patterns than were typical of the other Symbolists. Man with Gazelles (1906–7; untraced, see Gray, rev. 2/1986, pl. 45), exhibited at the Blue Rose exhibition and Panthers, also known as Deserted Village (1907; Yerevan, Pict. Gal. Armenia), with its bright blue sky, yellow tree and dark blue panthers, indicate a growing interest in exotic places and an increasingly stylized treatment of figures and animals....

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1891; died 1973.

Painter. Landscapes, animals.

A poet and calligrapher, Sun Bozhun painted animals and landscapes in an Impressionistic style. He taught Chinese civilisation in the faculty of foreign languages at the University of Tokyo.

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Born 1897; died 1980.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes.

Esref Üren is probably the same person as Esbref Üren. He presented some Post-Impressionist portraits and landscapes at Turkish Art ( L’Art Turc) at the Musée Cernuschi, Paris, in 1946.

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1893 or 1894, in Zhejiang; died 1983.

Painter.

After studying under Liu Haisu, Wang Yachen went to Europe in 1928 to continue his education. He pursued an Impressionistic style at that time. On his return, he founded the Xinhua academy in Shanghai which was closed by the Japanese in ...