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Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Wuxi (Jiangsu).

Painter.

Cheng Ji taught for four years at St John’s University, Shanghai. In 1947, he went to the USA where he became a member of the American Watercolor Society. His realism, combined with his technical dexterity, brought him considerable success in Shanghai and the USA. Like many of his contemporaries he was much influenced by western painting, retaining his Chinese identity only by his choice of subjects and his signature....

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Beijing and Dali (Yunnan Province), China.

Born 1963, in Handan, China.

Painter, printmaker.

Cynical Realism.

Part of the generation of artists who grew up in China during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), Fang Lijun graduated from the printmaking department at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Heibei.

Painter. Figures, genre scenes, landscapes, flowers.

Gao Chao was a member of the Chinese Artists Association. He taught at the Beijing Academy of Art. His painting was academic and realist and demonstrates a knowledge of Western art. He had a solo exhibition at the Cité internationale des Arts in Paris....

Article

Genkei  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th century.

Painter.

Genkei was a pupil of Shuseki (1639-1707). He lived in Nagasaki where he worked as an interpreter in Dutch. He belonged to what might be called the realist Nagasaki school....

Article

Hakyo  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1764; died 1826.

Painter.

Hakyo was a follower of Maruyama Okyo (1733-1795) and was a painter in the Maruyama Realist School started by Okyo. He specialised in flowers and birds.

Article

Hanko  

Japanese, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870, in Tokyo; died 1917.

Painter. Portraits.

Hanko was a follower of Nabeta Gyokuei and an artist of the Shijo School, a Realist school founded by Goshun (1752-1811). He was a member of the Nihon Kaiga Kyokai (Japanese Painting Association) and the Nihon Bijustsu-in (Japanese Art Association), and was also director of the technical college in Toyama. He established his own style gradually and specialised in portraits. A lot of his work was done for magazines....

Article

Hu Kao  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Painter, cartoonist.

A cartoonist in the Realist style, Hu Kao worked in Shanghai before leaving for Yenan during the second Sino-Japanese War.

Cartoon art has a very important place in 20th-century China as it is closely connected with the social upheaval the country underwent during this century. As a movement, cartoon art emerged in the 1930s, drawing inspiration at first from the novels of Lu Xun (...

Article

Ippo  

Japanese, 19th century, male.

Born 1798, in Osaka; died 2 January 1871.

Painter.

Ippo was the disciple of his adoptive father Mori Tetsuzan, and followed the Realist tendency of Maruyama Okyo (1733-1795) and his school. In 1854, after the fire at the imperial palace in Kyoto, he was summoned to decorate the sliding doors ( ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Jiangsu; died 1982.

Painter, engraver.

Jiang Feng was one of the young artists of the Realist School of the 1930s, whose art was closely associated with the Chinese Communist movement. Political commitment is especially perceptible in their wood engravings, stamped with a profound awareness of the poor conditions of the Chinese masses at the time. Although these works take their inspiration from Soviet Realism, they demonstrate more freedom, invention and vitality than their models. The works of Jiang Feng, in an Expressionist style with black predominating, celebrate political struggle....

Article

Katen  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born 1730, in Kyoto; died 1794.

Painter. Landscapes, flowers.

Katen belonged to the realist school of Nagasaki and mainly painted cherry trees in bloom. He seems also to have painted a portrait sold at auction in London.

London, 13 Nov 1989...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1951.

Painter.

Setsuko Minami was active at the time of the trend towards Hyperrealist painting. She took part in collective exhibitions in 1972 in Mexico and Buenos Aires and in 1974 at the exhibition of Japanese Art of Today in Montreal and Vancouver....

Article

Japanese, 13th century, male.

Born before 1185; died after 1265.

Painter.

Nobuzane was son of the painter Takanobu. Like his father he was a middle-ranking courtier and a poet and he continued in the Realist style used by his father. He had a great reputation as a portrait painter, depicting people either living or dead, singly or in groups. His art is denoted by the term ...

Article

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born in Ohara, near Yamashiro (Kyoto Prefecture); died 1733, in Nagasaki (Fukuoka).

Painter.

Keizan studied in the Kano style before adopting the realist style of the Nagasaki School. He painted flowers and birds.

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Wakayama Prefecture; died 1985.

Painter.

Gutai group.

After approaching an abstract geometrism, Sekino Yoshio’s style followed a hyperrealist tendency. He took part in many collective exhibitions, including: from 1948 at exhibitions of the Han group; from 1949 to 1954...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Fujian.

Painter, wood engraver. Landscapes, seascapes.

Shen Roujian lives and works in Shanghai. His work is typical of post-1949 Chinese wood engraving in its realism, clarity of design and simple colouring, as well as in its subject-matter, boats, bridges, railways and factories under construction, driven by yet another great leap forward....

Article

Shi Lu  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Draughtsman (including ink), wood engraver. Scenes with figures.

Shi Lu was a wood engraver with a meticulous, realist yet not unoriginal style who did propaganda work in keeping with the great ideological themes of his time.

Hong Kong, 30 Oct 1995...

Article

Toyo  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1755, in Mutsu; died 1839.

Painter.

Azuma Toyo was a landscape and figure painter who served the lord of the Sendai clan. He first studied the Kano School style with Baisho before turning to the more realistic style of the Maruyama School and associating with Taiga, Okyo and Gekkei....

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1908, in Daishan (Guangdong).

Painter.

Wang Shaoling was a painter of the modern school. He settled in the USA in 1938 and followed American traditions of Realism. He was more concerned with line and colour than with formal expression. He was an assistant at Columbia University for a time....

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in northern China.

Engraver (wood).

Yang Jiachang was one of the founders of the Woodcut Movement and ran the Wood-Engraving Tool Cooperative factory in Shang­hai together with Ye Fu. His work was Realist in style.

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Mie Prefecture.

Painter.

Yashima Masaaki paints Abstracts with Sur­realist tendencies. In 1961 he exhibited his work at the Bijutsu Bunka Salon and in 1967 he won the Shell Prize in Tokyo. He has had several solo exhibitions.