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Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 10 May 1866, in St Petersburg; died 28 December 1924, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits, nudes, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes. Stage sets, stage costumes, posters.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Mir Iskusstva (World of Art) group...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1820, in Paris; died 18 October 1867, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman. Landscapes, urban views, scenes with figures. Stage costumes.

Hippolyte Ballue studied under Diaz and exhibited at the Paris Salon between 1842 and 1851, chiefly vividly coloured views of Paris, Sicily and Algeria, but also theatrical costumes....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1860, in Lyons; died 3 March 1905, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Figures. Stage costumes.

Charles Bianchini began as a designer of costumes for revues and in 1893 was appointed artist to the Paris Opéra. He also produced costume designs for the Opéra-Comique and other companies, designs which were always right for the roles and for the physique of the actors involved....

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1859, in Codogno; died 16 December 1912, in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor. Stage costumes, figurines.

Edel made figurines and theatre costumes. He worked for Coquelin, Sarah Bernhardt, the Comédie Française and Barnum in Paris, as well as the Olympia Theatre in London and La Scala in Milan....

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1924.

Born 1882 or 1884, in Bielostok (Kiev); died 1949, in Fontenay-aux-Roses, France.

Painter, decorative artist. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Symbolism, Futurism, Constructivism.

Groups: Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds).

A student at the school of fine art in Kiev, Aleksandra Exter exhibited for the first time with the ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, female.

Born 1904, in Brussels; died 1985.

Painter, draughtswoman. Figures, scenes with figures. Stage costumes.

Symbolism.

Suzanne Fabry was a student of Isidore de Rudder, Jean Delville and Constant Montald at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.

She took part in collective exhibitions: in ...

Article

Hungarian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1877, in Budapest; died 1928.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer. Patterns (fabrics), stage costumes, posters.

Geza Farago was initially a fabric designer in a cotton fabric factory, then went to Paris where he was apprenticed as a painter, draughtsman and decorator in several workshops, notably at the Académie Colarossi....

Article

Ellen G. Landau

(b Allegheny, PA, May 11, 1894; d New York, NY, April 1, 1991).

American dancer and choreographer. Graham is widely considered a major pioneer and exponent of modernism. Her collaboration with American sculptor Isamu Noguchi, who designed costumes and sets for the Martha Graham Dance Company from 1935 to 1966, and the extraordinary photographs of her in performance by Imogen Cunningham, Soichi Sunami (1885–1971), Philippe Halsman (1906–79) and especially Barbara Morgan, link Graham’s revolutionary accomplishments in dance to experimentation in the visual arts. During the late 1930s and 1940s, her belief in the ability of dance to tap the power of myth and the unconscious anticipated and was analogous to the tenets of Abstract Expressionism.

Brought up in California the daughter of a physician, in 1916 at age 22, Graham began studying dance under Ruth St Denis (1879–1968) and Ted Shawn (1891–1972). Ten years later she formed the Martha Graham Center of Contemporary Dance in New York. While her own performances were initially based on the Denishawn style, by ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1827, in Épineuil (Yonne); died 1892, in St-Mandé (Val-de-Marne).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Figures, scenes with figures. Stage costumes.

Employed on the railway at Lyons, Grévin started on the Journal Amusant and on the Petit Journal pour Rire...

Article

(b Epineuil, nr Tonnerre, Yonne, Jan 1827; d Saint-Mandé, Seine, May 5, 1892).

French printmaker and costume designer. After leaving school he became an apprentice draughtsman for the Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée railway company. While thus employed he also made his début as a caricaturist in the journal Gaulois, to which he contributed from 1858. In 1859 he had the first of many works published in the Journal amusant; his At the Opéra Ball (1860; Paris, Bib. N.) was for this publication. In 1860 he left the railway company and started to contribute to the Petit journal pour rire as well. He began working for Le Charivari in 1869, the year in which he co-founded, with Adrien Huart, the Almanach des Parisiennes, which published albums of prints for the next 19 years. It was about this time, when he began to concentrate on the manners and language of Parisian society, that Grévin established his mature style. Many of his designs, which were always accompanied by humorous captions, were inspired by the women of the demi-monde. Unlike many caricaturists of his age he avoided political topics....

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1923 in France.

Born 23 November 1861, in Moscow; died 11 September 1939, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, decorative artist, architect. Scenes with figures, rural landscapes, urban landscapes, harbour scenes, still lifes, flowers.

Stage sets, stage costumes...

Article

Czech, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 24 August 1860, in Ivancice; died 14 July 1939, in Prague.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, poster artist. Historical subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, costume studies. Murals, stage costumes and sets, coats of arms, designs (jewels/postage stamps/banknotes/furniture)...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Angers; died 1937, in Marly-le-Roi.

Painter, draughtsman, poster artist, designer. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Mültzer was attached to the Opéra-comique. He designed many sets and costumes over a period of about 40 years.

Article

Néstor  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 February 1887, in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria; died 6 February 1938, in Las Palmas.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, scenographer. Figure compositions, scenes with figures, figures, nudes, portraits, animals. Murals, stage sets, stage costumes, theatre decoration.

Symbolism.

From a very early age Néstor showed signs of being gifted in drawing and painting and in this he was encouraged by his mother. From ...

Article

Dora Pérez-Tibi

revised by Kristen E. Stewart

(b Paris, April 20, 1879; d Paris, April 28, 1944).

French costume designer, dress designer and painter. Despite paternal opposition to his precocious artistic gifts, Poiret attracted attention with his first fashion drawings for Mme Chéruit at the Maison Raudnitz, 21, Place Vendôme, Paris. From 1898 to 1900 he worked for Jacques(-Antoine) Doucet and distinguished himself by creating the famous costume ‘Aiglon’ (Fr.: ‘eaglet’; the nickname of Napoleon II; untraced) for Sarah Bernhardt. From 1901 he worked for the fashion house Worth, where he designed the Eastern-influenced cloak, ‘Confucius’ (1901–2; Paris, Mus. Mode & Cost.). Poiret opened his first fashion house in 1902 on the Rue Auber in Paris. There he produced innovative designs such as the kimono coat and the ‘Révérend’ (1905; Paris, Mus. Mode & Cost.) and enlarged his clientele of famous customers. In 1910 he opened new salons in a large 18th-century house, in the Avenue d’Antin, where he created his famous ‘hobble-skirted’ dresses, drawn in at the hem. Dubbed the ‘Prophet of Simplicity’ in a ...

Article

Philip Ward-Jackson

[Jean-Jacques]

(b Geneva, May 23, 1790; d Bougival, June 4, 1852).

Swiss sculptor, painter and composer. Prompted by his early displays of artistic talent, Pradier’s parents placed him in the workshop of a jeweller, where he learnt engraving on metal. He attended drawing classes in Geneva, before leaving for Paris in 1807. By 1811 he was registered at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and subsequently entered its sculpture competitions as a pupil of François-Frédéric, Baron Lemot. A more significant contribution to his artistic formation around this time was the guidance of the painter François Gérard. Pradier won the Prix de Rome in 1813 and was resident at the French Academy in Rome, from 1814 until 1819. On his return to France, he showed at the Salon of 1819 a group Centaur and Bacchante (untraced) and a reclining Bacchante (marble; Rouen, Mus. B.-A.). The latter, borrowing an erotically significant torsion from the Antique Callipygean Venus, opens the series of sensuous Classical female subjects that were to become Pradier’s forte. In ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1869, in Hanau; died April 1949.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, watercolourist, pastellist. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stage costumes.

Franz Stassen was a pupil of the School of Drawing of Hanau under the direction of C. Fr. Hausmanns and of the private studio of Georg Cornicelius, then of the Hochschule für Bildende Kunst of Berlin. He wanted first to live in Munich but settled in Berlin where he made friends with Fidus and with other artists such as Franz Ebers and Melchior Lechter. He composed and exhibited his series of watercolours ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 February 1856, in Paris.

Watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Equestrian portraits, military portraits, equestrian subjects, genre scenes, figures. Stage costumes.

Louis Vallet contributed to several illustrated magazines, including Charivari, Parisian Life ( La Vie Parisienne) and Illustrated Paris ( ...