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Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born in Tafers (Fribourg).

Sculptor.

He was a monk who lived as a hermit at St Theodule near Memberg around 1850. He submitted modelled clay figures to various Swiss exhibitions. It is not known if he studied sculpture before taking orders....

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in Naples at the beginning of the 19th century.

Sculptor, modeller (porcelain).

Four bisque medallions of the face of Napoleon are attributed to Pietro Paolo Acquaviva. He made them at the royal porcelain factory. Acquaviva was one of the artists who produced the decorations upon the return of the Bourbons to Naples. He was appointed a teacher of sculpture in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1868, in Worcester; died 1947.

Painter. Landscapes.

Harry Adams worked as a decorative artist for the Royal Worcester Porcelain Factory for eight years, before going to study art at the Académie Julian in Paris in 1895. He first exhibited in ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1840, in Edmonton, Surrey; died 20 June 1906, in Ewhurst Hill, near Guildford.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

John Clayton Adams exhibited landscapes at Royal Academy exhibitions in London from 1863. He was a member of the New Watercolour Society and the Society of British Artists. He painted landscapes in the South of England....

Article

Gordon Campbell

Name of at least four potters in Staffordshire in the late 18th century and early 19th. The most distinguished William Adams (1746–1805) was the founder of Greengates Pottery, where the design and high quality of his jasper ware has led to the mistaken inference that he had been trained by Josiah Wedgwood; in fact he trained with John Brindley, brother of the canal builder James Brindley. His wares, of which some 300 examples are known to survive, are stamped Adams and Co. Apart from jasper ware, he also made underglaze blue-printed ware. He was succeeded by his son Benjamin, who ran the business until its closure in 1820.

The works of Adams of Greengates are sometimes confused with those of his three namesakes: William Adams (1748–1831) of Brick House, Burslem and Cobridge; William Adams of Stoke-on-Trent (1772–1829), who exported many blue-painted wares to the USA; and William Adams (...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1786 or 1787, in Triesdorf near Ansbach; died 1842 or 1850, in Munich.

Painter (including porcelain), watercolourist. History painting, portraits.

He was first taught art by Professor Naumann in Ansbach. Later, around 1811, he worked at the royal manufactory in Nymphenburg, where he was appointed head and inspector of the painting workshop. In his genre, he is considered among the best German masters. His reputation is based mainly on his reproductions of old masters. Notable among his works are some large vases decorated with portraits of members of the Bavarian royal family....

Article

Agano  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese region in Buzen Province (now part of Fukuoka Prefect.), northern Kyushu, where stonewares were manufactured at various sites from c. 1600 (see also Japan, §IX, 3, (i), (d)).

The first potter to make Agano ware was the Korean master Chon’gye (Jap. Sonkai; 1576–1654). Deported to Kyushu during one of the Japanese invasions of Korea in 1592 and 1597, he entered the service of Hosokawa Tadaoki (1563–1645), the newly appointed governor of Buzen. On the completion of Tadaoki’s fortress at Kokura (now Kitakyushu), Chon’gye built the Saienba kiln, probably within the castle precincts. A site thought to be Saienba was found beneath Myōkōji, the temple that replaced the castle in 1679, and excavations took place between 1979 and 1983. Sherds of both tea ceremony and everyday wares have been found there; they have transparent glazes made with a wood-ash flux, opaque glazes made with a straw-ash flux or brown-black glazes pigmented with iron oxide. Inscriptions on surviving pieces and entries in contemporary diaries indicate that these early products were also called Buzen or Kokura ware. After a few years the Saienba kiln closed, and ...

Article

Carlos Cid Priego

(b Logroño, Dec 26, 1759; d Madrid, 1842).

Spanish sculptor and ceramicist. He moved to Madrid at an early age and was apprenticed to the French sculptor Robert Michel (i), who was employed at the court. He won first prize in a competition at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes, and organized the royal workshop for the carving of precious stones, where he executed two magnificent cameo portraits of Charles IV and Queen Maria Luisa (c. 1796; Madrid, Pal. Real). He was a leading sculptor in the Buen Retiro porcelain factory, for which he produced a large amount of work. In 1797 he entered the Real Academia de Bellas Artes and was promoted until he was finally appointed Director-general in 1821. He was also appointed Honorary Chamber Sculptor to Charles IV. His successful career made him an influential figure in Spanish art. He was one of the leading exponents of Neo-classical sculpture, producing works that were technically accomplished although stylistically rather cold. He executed a large amount of work between ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Slip clay that can produce a dark brown glaze. Albany slip was mined near Albany, NY, from the early 19th century, and was used on American stoneware. It is no longer mined commercially, but is imitated by colouring similar clays.

‘Slip Sliding Away’, Ceramics Monthly, 36 (Jan 1988), pp. 57–8...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Spanish pottery manufactory. In 1727 a pottery factory was established in Alcora, in the Catalan province of Castellón (see also Valencia §3). The most important products of the factory in its early years were plaques and glazed floor titles; the plaques were typically decorated with biblical or mythological scenes set within moulded frames, and the floor tiles used religious motifs (for churches and convents) and secular subjects such as maps and theatrical scenes. Later in the century the factory began to produce tableware, notably fruit bowls, sugar bowls, and pyramidical centrepieces. At the end of the 18th century Italian models were displaced by French design, and the factory began to produce tableware of soft porcelain in the Sèvres style. In this period the factory also started to manufacture the polychrome earthenware terrines known as Fauna d’Alcora because they were the shape of animals. The factory closed in 1895...

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born in Valencia.

Sculptor.

Apprenticed to his father José, to whom he was an able assistant, Alegre is known for a terracotta Mercury, which earned him a silver medal at the national art exhibition in Madrid in 1850.

Article

Danish, 19th century, male.

Active in Copenhagen in 1818.

Painter.

Alexandersen studied at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen from 1831 to 1838, and was employed by the royal porcelain factory. Between 1837 and 1846, he exhibited drawings and a number of flower paintings.

Article

French, 19th century, female.

Born in Paris.

Painter. Portraits, genre scenes, flowers.

Laure Alix exhibited from 1876 to 1880. She contributed watercolours and pastels around 1886 to the Société du Blanc et Noir, and also painted on porcelain.

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Sculptor.

Allard exhibited a terracotta medallion at the 1892 Paris Salon.

Article

Swiss, 19th century, female.

Painter. Portraits.

She was a pupil of Hornung and exhibited in Geneva in 1832, 1841, 1845 and 1847. She specialised in portraits of children, but also painted on porcelain.

Article

Mieke van der Wal

(b The Hague, Jan 6, 1876; d The Hague, Dec 11, 1955).

Dutch sculptor and ceramicist. He trained at the Academie van Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague (1894–7) and in various sculpture studios. In 1898 he decorated the shop-front of the gallery Arts and Crafts in The Hague after a design by Johan Thorn Prikker, who advised him to set up on his own. From 1901 Altorf exhibited regularly and successfully; he was represented at the Prima Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte Decorativa Moderna in Turin in 1902, where he won a silver medal, and at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris in 1925.

Altorf was a leading exponent of Dutch Art Nouveau. His work is characterized by a strong simplification of form. It is often compared with that of Joseph Mendes da Costa but is somewhat more angular and austere. At first Altorf made mainly animal forms from various types of wood, ivory, bronze and ceramic. In firing his modelled figures, he worked with the ceramicist ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Hanau; died 1913, in Berlin.

Sculptor, worker in precious metals. Figures. Designs (ceramics/metal objects).

Jugendstil.

Adolf Amberg trained at the academy of fine arts in Berlin. He went to Paris and worked at the Académie Julian, exhibiting at the Salon of ...

Article

Ellen Paul Denker

American pottery manufacturer. Beginning in 1828 D. & J. Henderson made award-winning Rockingham in a factory previously occupied by the Jersey Porcelain and Earthenware Co. in Jersey City, NJ, but in 1833 David Henderson (c. 1793–1845) took control of the company and changed the name to the American Pottery Manufacturing Co. (see fig.). In addition to the fine Rockingham modelled by the Englishman Daniel Greatbach (fl after 1839; d after 1866), the company was the first to make transfer-printed pearlware in the USA and c. 1833 reproduced Ridgway’s ‘Canova’ pattern. Many English potters who settled in the USA during the second quarter of the 19th century started their American careers in Henderson’s pottery. After Henderson’s death in 1845, the firm continued until 1852, when John Owen Rouse (d 1896) and Nathaniel Turner (d 1884) took over the works for the production of whiteware, which was made there until ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Dutch porcelain factory near Amsterdam, originally founded at Weesp (1764; see Weesp Porcelain Factory), then moved to Oude Loosdrecht (1771), Oude Amstel (1784) and Nieuwe Amstel (1799); it closed in 1810 (see Netherlands, Kingdom of the §VII 3.). The term ‘Amstel porcelain’ is sometimes used to denote the products of the period 1784–1810, when the factory was in Oude Amstel and Nieuwe Amstel, but is also used to denote all the products of the factory from 1764 to 1810. The original workmen were from Dresden, and the early pottery resembles white Dresden pottery with landscape and figure decorations; the late pottery tends to follow French models, especially Sèvres. Amstel tableware and utilitarian containers suited bourgeois tastes, and apart from a few busts in biscuit there was no attempt to mimic the refined technical mastery of Delft pottery. Decoration and shape were eclectic, so the pottery never developed a strong visual identity. Some pottery is entirely white, with ornament in low relief; piercings are sometimes outlined in blue; cartouches contained a wide variety of pictures, often portraying flowers or landscapes; Sèvres cornflowers are a common adornment....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 19 April 1807, in Paris; died 17 April 1869.

Painter (including porcelain), engraver. Landscapes.

A pupil of Jolivard and Watelet, Jules André was the first painter to be employed by the Sèvres porcelain factory and also contributed decorative panels for the Louvre and the Hôtel Alba. He was awarded a silver medal in 1835. He drew inspiration from travels in Belgium, southern France and the Rhineland. His approach lay somewhere between the Classicism of Poussin and Romanticism, to the extent that his compositional rigour is typically offset by an apparent spontaneity. He was also an engraver, notably of ...