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Canadian First Nations (Inuit), 20th century, female.

Born 1907/1908, in Toojak (Nottingham Island, Nunavut); died 28 May 1983, in Cape Dorset (Nunavut).

Graphic artist (felt pen/crayon/pencil), printmaker (stonecut/etching/copper plate).

Figures domestic scenes and traditional Inuit fables.

Pitseolak Ashoona, a self-taught graphic artist, began drawing the ‘old ways’ of traditional Inuit pre-contact life for the Cape Dorset Artist Co-op (also known as Dorset Fine Art) set up by James Hudson in ...


Canadian First Nations (Dunne-Zaa/Beaver), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1970, in Fort St. John (British Columbia).

Sculpture, painting, graphic art, mixed media, installation art.

Born in rural British Columbia in 1970, Jungen was actively interested in drawing as a child. Both his mother (Dunne-Zaa) and father (Swiss-Canadian) died when he was young. After high school, he moved to Vancouver and completed a Diploma in Visual Art at Emily Carr College of Art in ...


Canadian First Nations (Ojibwa), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 14 March 1931 or 1932, near Beardmore (Ontario); died 4 December 2007, Toronto.

Painter, graphic artist. Figures, animals, Native American subjects.

Woodland Art School.

Norval Morrisseau, an Ojibwa (Anishnaabe) raised traditionally by his grandparents on the Sand Point Reserve near Lake Nipigon, called himself a ‘born artist’ and received no formal art training. In his childhood, he spent a short period at a residential school in Thunder Bay before returning to his family home in Beardmore. He was much influenced by the Ojibwa stories told by his grandparents, and during a life-threatening illness he was given a ceremonial name, Copper Thunderbird, which he signed in Cree syllabics on some of his paintings....


Canadian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1946, in Manitoba.

Painter (acrylics/gouache), graphic artist (silk screen prints), sculptor (bronze). Figures, Native American subjects.

Maxine Noel is a Native artist, whose Lakota name Ioyan Mani means 'Walk Beyond'. After spending her early years on the Birdtail Reservation with her Santee Oglala Sioux parents she attended an Indian residential school. After a short period as a legal secretary she took a course in advanced design, eventually devoting herself full-time to her work in art. She has dedicated herself to the promotion of Native artists through serving as a board member, consultant or artistic director for institutions such as Native Earth Performing Arts, the Canadian Native Arts Foundation, and the Association for Native Development in the Performing and Visual Arts. She has also participated as a panel member at the Saskatchewan School of Fine Arts, at the University of Western Ontario in London, and in the Native programme at the Ontario College of Art....


Canadian First Nations, 20th century, female.

Born 11 September 1919, in Wikwemikong (Manitoulin Island, Ontario).

Painter, graphic artist (silk screen prints). Figures, Native American subjects.

Daphne Odjig, an Ojibwa and Potawatomi Indian of the Wikwemikong First Nation, created a unique style of painting and drawing that drew attention to her experiences in both indigenous and wider communities. A foundational figure, she established the first indigenously run art gallery in the country in Winnipeg in ...


Canadian First Nations (Inuit, Utkusiksalingmiut), 20th century, female.

Born 1906, in Back River region (Nunavut); died 2 March 1985, in Baker Lake (Nunavut).

Textile artist, draughtsman, printmaker, graphic artist.

Inuit art.

For the first four decades of her life, Jessie Oonark lived on the land, first with her parents Killivuk (mother) and Aglaquark (father), and later with her husband, Quablunaaq. A few years after Quablunaaq’s death in ...


Canadian First Nations (Inuit), 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1969, in Cape Dorset (Nunavut).

Graphic artist (felt pen, crayon, pencil), printmaker (lithography, stone cut). Contemporary Inuit domestic scenes, social realism.

Active in Cape Dorset from the 1990s, Pootoogook moved to Ottawa after becoming the first indigenous artist to win the prestigious Sobey Art Award in ...


Canadian First Nations (Inuit), 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1938, in Sako, Baffin Island (Canadian Northwest Territory); died 2002, in Cape Dorset (Nunavut).

Graphic artist (felt pen, pencil), printmaker (lithography, stone cut). Domestic scenes, traditional and contemporary fables.

Napatchie Pootoogook was the daughter of acclaimed graphic artist Pitseolak Ashoona. She took up drawing pictures of Inuit life in the early 1960s along with her mother for the Cape Dorset Artist Co-op (also known as Dorset Fine Art) set up by James Houston in ...


Arthur Silberman


(b Western Oklahoma, 1861; d Stecker, Oklahoma, Dec 14, 1940).

Native American Kiowa draughtsman, silversmith and beadworker. He was the son of Chief Dohasan III, keeper of one of the Kiowa pictographic calendar counts, and younger brother of Ohettoint (1852–1934), one of the Fort Marion artist–prisoners also known as Charlie Buffalo (see Native North American art, §IV, 2 and Howling Wolf). Silverhorn was a key cultural figure and the most significant and prolific Native American artist in the last part of the 19th century and the first part of the 20th. He probably learnt pictography at an early age. As a ceremonial leader, he was keeper of one of the sacred Kiowa medicine bundles. As a craftsman, he produced beadwork, war bonnets and jewellery made from German silver, an alloy of nickel, copper and zinc. For anthropologists, he illustrated religious ceremonies, myths and folklore, and painted model tipis and shields. Most of his works on paper and muslin are romantic evocations of the past and do not refer to specific events or individuals. An exception to his general output is the ...


Canadian First Nations (Inuit), 20th century, male.

Born ?1906, in Neahungnik camp (Nunavik, Quebec); died 13 September 1976, in Puvirnituq (Nunavik, Quebec).

Sculpture, carving, drawing, printmaking, graphic art.

Joe Talirunili was born in 1906 at Neahungnik, a camp located north of Puvirnituq in northern Quebec. He lived much of his life on the land as a hunter, and likely began carving in the 1950s with John Houston’s visit to the area. Talirunili became more active in drawing and printmaking as print shops started to be established in the Canadian Arctic through the 1960s. He was a key founder of the Puvirnituq print shop along with his cousin, Davidialuk Amittu, another well-known Inuit artist. Around 70 of Talirunili’s stonecut prints were released. He is included among the early stars of the contemporary Inuit artists of the early generation....