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Article

Cuban, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Pilon.

Engraver, lithographer, graphic designer.

Roger Aguilar graduated from the school of artistic education in Cuba in 1965. He has taken part in collective exhibitions since 1967. In 1975 he was awarded first prize for lithography at the National Engraving Salon. He works as a graphic artist for the Ministry of Culture....

Article

Roberto Pontual

(b São Paulo, 1935).

Brazilian painter and printmaker. After studying engraving in São Paulo, he moved to New York in 1959 to complete his studies at the Pratt Graphic Center, where his contact with international Pop art merged with his own interest in Brazilian popular imagery, for example in the portfolio of woodcuts Mine and Yours (1967). Immediately afterwards he began painting ambiguous and ironic still-lifes collectively titled Brasíliana, which use bananas as symbols of underdevelopment and exploitation, for example BR-1 SP (1970; São Paulo, Pin. Estado) and Bananas (1971; Washington, DC, Mus. Mod. A. Latin America). In 1971 he won a trip abroad in the National Salon of Modern Art (Rio de Janeiro), which took him again to New York between 1972 and 1973. On his return to São Paulo he began the series Battlegrounds, in which he submitted the previously reclining bananas to slashing, torture and putrefaction. Subsequently shapes were reorganized into configurations of an undramatic Surrealism, playful, colourful, tumescent and as firmly rooted as ever in his native Brazil and Latin America....

Article

Colombian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Colombia.

Painter. Landscapes.

Antonio Barrera's landscapes consist of small, intersecting touches of neutral or flamboyant colour and evoke the climatic and geographical diversity of his native country.

New York, 8 May 1981: Reference 160 (1977, acrylic/canvas...

Article

Aleca Le Blanc

(b São Paulo, Jun 20, 1914; d São Paulo, Dec 22, 2010).

Brazilian visual artist and designer. The formal training Barsotti received was in drawing and chemistry, and by the 1950s he had established a professional career in design, working in São Paulo during the postwar period. From 1954 to 1964 he ran a studio with Willys de Castro (1926–1988), a life-long collaborator and fellow artist, called Estúdio de Projetos Gráficos, where he created costume design, graphic design, and textile design, among other things. During this period he focused his artistic efforts exclusively on geometric abstraction, then the dominant style of the avant-garde in Brazil under the rubric of Concrete art. However, Barsotti did not immediately affiliate with any of the groups that promoted it, such as the dogmatic Grupo Ruptura in São Paulo. He was not, strictly speaking, a devotee of Concrete art, which required that the geometric composition be entirely preconceived, divorced from observed reality, and visually represent a mathematical formula. On this matter, de Castro applauded his friend in a ...

Article

Jesús Fuenmayor

(b Caracas, May 1950).

Venezuelan painter and graphic designer. Chacón studied in Caracas at the Escuela de Artes Cristóbal Rojas between 1963 and 1966 and at the Instituto de Diseño Neumann-Ince from 1966 to 1970 where he was taught by two of the most important abstract painters in Venezuela at that time, Nedo M. F. [Mion Ferrario] (1926–2001) and Gerd Leufert, who were also graphic designers. In 1971 Chacón introduced his work in the emerging avant-garde scene in Venezuela with an installation titled El Autobus at the Ateneo de Caracas, realized in collaboration with William Stone (b 1945) and Ibrahim Nebreda (b 1948). The work consisted of an environment that recreated Caracas street life by placing a bus inside the gallery space together with found materials and a speaker, which reproduced the sounds of a thunderous radio station. In doing so, the trio brought the crude reality of Caracas urban life into the art institution. Chacón’s first solo exhibition, ...

Article

Margarita González Arredondo

(b Mexico City, June 10, 1940).

Mexican painter, sculptor, illustrator and stage designer. He was self-taught when he took up painting in 1956 with the encouragement of Diego Rivera, but from 1956 to 1960 he studied graphic design with Gordon Jones. During those years he worked in an Abstract Expressionist manner, although he soon incorporated figurative elements and, from c. 1963, elements of fantasy. In 1967 he went to Paris on a French government grant. In the following year he was a founder-member of the Salón Independiente, where he began to exhibit acrylic sculptures of the female torso. These were followed between 1974 and 1976 by a series entitled Mutations, in which he explored the possibilities of the cube and which opened the way to later sculptures and paintings in which geometry is balanced with sensuality. Venus and Mars (Mexico City, U. N. Autónoma) is one of the best of his public sculptures. He also worked as a stage designer, for example on a production in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958, in Fortaleza.

Painter, installation artist. Multimedia.

José Guedes is a self-taught artist and lives and works in Fortaleza. He uses photographic images and video in his work. In the video installation he showed at the Capc, Musée d'Art Contemporain in Bordeaux in ...

Article

Cruz Barceló Cedeño

(b Cardereu, nr Barcelona, Jan 19, 1946).

Venezuelan graphic designer of Spanish birth. He moved to Venezuela in 1954, where he studied at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas, Caracas. In 1960 he went to Paris, where he continued his studies at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts. In 1965 he started working as a graphic designer. He developed a surrealistic style, influenced by the work of Magritte and Dalí, based on photography of previously modelled or built three-dimensional figures. His posters received awards in Warsaw, Havana, Leipzig and Mexico. In ...

Article

Lelia Delgado

[Francisco]

(b Caracas, April 16, 1954).

Venezuelan printmaker and draughtsman, active in France. He graduated in graphic design from the Instituto de Diseño Neumann-Ince, Caracas, in 1978 and studied lithography (1978–9) at the Centro de Enseñanza Gráfica (CEGRA), Caracas. In 1981 he moved to Paris. His work offers a fantastic vision of impossible architecture: oneiric cities are described through a delirious geometry, and within them are combined instruments of astronomy and alchemy, archaeological visions and futuristic technology, and maps and plans as objects of historical and scientific description. Examples of his work include My Refuge (1987), The Planet Looks at Itself (1991) and Venezuela: New Cartographies and Cosmogonies (1992). In three consecutive years he was awarded at the Salón Michelena, Ateneo de Valencia, the Bernardo Rubinstein prize (1978), second prize for drawing from the Instituto Nacional de Hipódromos (1979) and an engraving prize from the daily paper ...

Article

Ana Tapias

(b Caracas, Nov 13, 1946).

Venezuelan graphic designer. He studied in Caracas at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas Cristóbal Rojas and at the Instituto de Diseño of the Fundación Neumann-Ince. As a designer he worked on books, magazines, catalogues and posters, as well as designing and executing prints, and he received numerous national and international awards. Among these was the Premio Letra de Oro in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 June 1947, in Jacinto (Minas Gerais).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman.

Manfredo de Souzanetto studied at the Belo Horizonte school of fine arts and graphical arts; he also studied architecture. In his early works, Souzanetto shows a strong interest in mountains which he transforms through a subtle interplay of erasure, collage and superimposition in a geometric space that has been stripped bare. He works in series, his ...