1-13 of 13 results  for:

  • Greek/Roman Art x
  • 1400–1500 x
Clear all

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Born in Mocchlio.

Painter.

Work attributed to this artist are the frescoes at the church of Apano Flori on Crete.

Article

Greek, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 15th and at the beginning of the 16th century.

Born c. 1440; died after 1503.

Painter.

Although of Greek origin, Dionysius painted mostly in Russia, in the company of his sons Theodosi and Vladimir. They worked together to paint frescoes at the Cathedral of the Dormition of the Virgin in the Ferapontov Monastry at Vologda in ...

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Born in Constantinople.

Painter.

This artist was known to be in Ferrara (Italy) in 1404.

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Painter.

Milan (Pinacoteca di Brera)

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Active on Crete in 1441.

Painter.

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Active on Crete.

Painter.

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Active on Crete in 1497.

Painter.

This artist decorated several churches.

Article

Alison Stones

Legends and myths in medieval art are often symbolic rather than narrative, appearing as isolated representations on monuments and portable objects and following the tradition of Greek vase painting where individual subjects are depicted and rely on prior knowledge of the stories for recognition and understanding. World histories celebrated great heroes of the past, starting with Creation and biblical history, then the ancient and medieval world with the exploits of the Trojan heroes, Alexander the Great, King Arthur and the campaigns of Charlemagne and his nephew Roland. Northern gods such as Thor were depicted in cult statues (c. 1000; Reykjavík, N. Mus.) or through such ornamental hammers as those from north Jutland in the Copenhagen Nationalmuseum, and Freya, head of the Valkyries, was painted riding a cat on the walls of Schleswig Cathedral.

The Fall of Troy is most celebrated in the early 13th-century copy of Heinrich von Veldecke’s ...

Article

Gabriele Finaldi

(b Isola di Carturo, nr Padua, 1430–31; d Mantua Sept 13, 1506).

Italian painter and printmaker. He occupies a pre-eminent position among Italian artists of the 15th century. The profound enthusiasm for the civilization of ancient Rome that infuses his entire oeuvre was unprecedented in a painter. In addition to its antiquarian content, his art is characterized by brilliant compositional solutions, the bold and innovative use of perspective and foreshortening and a precise and deliberate manner of execution, an aspect that was commented on during his lifetime. He was held in great esteem by his contemporaries for his learning and skill and, significantly, he is the only artist of the period to have left a small corpus of self-portraits: two in the Ovetari Chapel; his presumed self-portrait in the Presentation in the Temple (Berlin, Gemäldegal.); one in the Camera Picta (Mantua, Pal. Ducale) and the funerary bust in his burial chapel in S Andrea, Mantua, designed and probably executed by himself. His printmaking activity is technically advanced and of great importance, although certain aspects of the execution remain to be clarified. Due to the survival of both the Paduan and Mantuan archives, Mantegna is one of the best-documented artists of the 15th century....

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Painter.

Georgios Parzalis painted frescoes for the church of St George in Selino in 1441.

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Active in Heraklion (Crete) in the second half of the 15th century.

Icon painter.

Athens (Ethnikí Pinakothíki): Crucifixion (tempera/panel, signed in Latin 'Andreas Pavias pinxit de Candia')

Rossano (Museo Diocesano): Pietà

Article

Greek, 15th century, male.

Active in Crete.

Painters.