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Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Lived and worked at the monastery of Mount Athos in the middle of the 19th century.

Engraver (line-engraving).

An engraving by this Greek monk represents the Virgin enthroned, surrounded by the tribes of Jesse and a number of prophets. He is also noted for 24 small vignettes illustrating a Greek hymnal....

Article

(b Berlin, Oct 15, 1827; d Berlin, Sept 15, 1908).

German architect, archaeologist and writer. He was one of the leading figures of Berlin’s architectural establishment in the latter half of the 19th century. On completion of his studies in 1852, he was given the prestigious post of Bauleiter at the Neues Museum in Berlin, designed by Friedrich August Stüler. He subsequently became a lecturer and in 1861 a professor of architectural history at the Bauakademie in Berlin. Many of his church buildings used medieval motifs and elements, for example the Christuskirche (1862–8) in Berlin and the Elisabethkirche (1869–72) in Wilhelmshafen. He followed Karl Bötticher in his attempts to merge medieval and classical elements, best illustrated in his design for the Thomaskirche (competition 1862; built 1865–70), Berlin. There, Adler used Gothic structural devices embellished with rich Renaissance detail, a tendency that was also present in many of the entries for the Berlin Cathedral competition (...

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Born 1852, in Athens; died 1878.

Painter. Waterscapes, seascapes.

A friend of the architect H.C. Hansen, Altamura visited Copenhagen where he attended the fine arts academy from 1873 to 1876. He was primarily a painter of seascapes.

Copenhagen, 3 June 1976...

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 19th century.

Born in Greece.

Portrait artist.

Works by Antoniadi were exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1887, 1893 and 1896.

Paris, 27 June 1924: Nude Reclining on Grass, FRF 50

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Painter.

Arthimos painted a Madonna for the chapel of St Nicholas in the lavra monastery at Mount Athos.

Article

Greek, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active in Athens.

Painter.

Kleoniki Aspriati executed mostly portraits and worked in Athens. A pupil of Raphael Collin, Paul Leroy and Luc Olivier-Merson, she received honourable mention at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900.

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Born in Constantinople, of Greek parents.

Painter. Genre scenes.

This artist lived in Alexandria and travelled in Egypt. He exhibited in the Paris Salons of 1893 and 1896.

Article

(b Saumur, June 29, 1826; d Paris, April 4, 1874).

French archaeologist and politician. In 1849 he was named a member of the Ecole Française d’Athènes, created three years earlier by Louis-Philippe, King of France. Beulé was an elegant and urbane man whose energy and curiosity led him towards active field research through travel and excavation. He explored Arcadia, Elis and Achaia in 1850, publishing his findings in 1855, and as early as 1852–3 undertook excavations on the west slope of the Acropolis at Athens that were to make him famous. Using ‘50 pounds of powder’ to blow up the Turkish defences that obstructed the space before the Propylaia, he uncovered the great Roman staircase and the Byzantine postern gate known as the ‘Beulé Gate’. Deceived by the high quality of the Classical marble reused in this late monument, he believed he had discovered the original entrance to the Acropolis built by Mnesikles or at least, on later reflection, ‘conforming to Mnesikles’ plans’. The repercussions of this discovery and the polemics they entailed brought fame to Beulé and ‘its first ray of glory’ to the Ecole d’Athènes, welcome at a time when its usefulness was being questioned in Paris. Beulé helped to ensure its survival and its transformation into an archaeological research institute. He carried out excavations at Byrsa in ...

Article

Daniela Campanelli

(b Lugano, March 26, 1787; d Naples, Dec 6, 1849).

Italian architect and archaeologist, of Swiss origin. He was a pupil of Luigi Cagnola and attended the Accademia delle Belle Arti in Milan, graduating in architecture at Pavia in 1806. He lived in Rome and between 1810 and 1814 was superintendent of the excavation of the Colosseum, which was being directed by Giuseppe Valadier. In 1812 Bianchi published the Osservazioni sull’arena e sul podio dell’Anfiteatro Flavio … in Rome, and he also carried out excavations on the Forum Romanum.

As a member of the Accademia di S Luca, Bianchi was put forward to design the layout of the Largo di Palazzo (now the Piazza del Plebiscito), Naples; the commission was awarded him by Ferdinand I of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (reg 1759–1825). Ferdinand had in fact announced a competition in 1817 for the completion of this work, which had been initiated by Joachim Murat, King of Naples, in ...

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 17 March 1837, on Crete; died 1907.

Painter. Waterscapes, seascapes.

Bolanachi worked in Munich.

Graz: 'Emperor', Liner

Leeds (City AG): A Turkish Warship on Fire (1868, oil on canvas...

Article

Alessandro Conti

(b Venice, April 25, 1859; d Rome, July 10, 1925).

Italian archaeologist. He was educated in Venice at a time when there was great controversy over the conservation of original works of art, especially in connection with the restorations (1875) in S Marco. In 1888 he moved to Rome, where he became an inspector of monuments and advocated the establishment of a photographic archive and a catalogue of monuments as a basis for restoration programmes. Having collaborated on excavations inside the Pantheon in 1892, from 1895 he superintended new excavations in the Forum Romanum (see Rome, §V, 1); the latter uncovered fundamental evidence concerning the origins of Rome, including the Lapis Niger (1st century bc; in situ), an archaic Latin inscription (c. 500 bc; Corpus inscriptionum latinarum, Academia Litterarum Borussicae, Berlin, 1863–, vi, 36840) and ‘pre-Romulan’ burial grounds. He was influenced by John Ruskin’s philosophy of art and argued that the prime function of restoration is to preserve original materials. In ...

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Died c. 1920, in Greece.

Sculptor.

This artist exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris and was awarded a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1889 and again in 1900.

Article

Greek, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born in Vienna, to Greek parents.

Painter. Portraits, birds.

Diana Bornozi exhibited portraits and pictures of birds in Paris at the Salon de la Société des Beaux-Arts 1914 and 1935.

Article

Greek, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19th century, in Lemnos; died c. 1920.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Brounzos was a pupil of Cabanel. He exhibited at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1889 (receiving a bronze medal) and in 1900.

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Born 1814, in Thebes; died 1878, in Munich.

Painter. History painting, figures.

This artist arrived in Munich in 1832 and studied at the academy there, earning a place of honour among 19th-century painters. Notable works include the Apotheosis of the War of Greek Independence...

Article

Valeria Farinati

(b Casale Monferrato, Oct 24, 1795; d Florence, Oct 17, 1856).

Italian architect, archaeologist and architectural historian. He studied architecture at the University of Turin (1810–12) under Ferdinando Bonsignore (1767–1843) and his assistant Giuseppe Talucchi (1782–1863). After serving (1812–14) in the fortress of Alessandria, he resumed his studies and obtained a degree in architecture in 1814. He served a period of apprenticeship under Talucchi, who helped him obtain a three-year grant from the Court of Turin for further study in Rome, where Canina settled in January 1818. He worked on engravings of Roman monuments under the antiquarian, scholar and publisher Mariano Vasi (1744–1820), and at the end of his three-year period as pensionato, he presented a survey of the Colosseum (Anfiteatro Flavio descritto, misurato e restaurato; dispersed) to the architects of the Accademia di S Luca, including Giuseppe Valadier, who were much impressed.

In 1824 Canina was appointed to execute his scheme for the expansion of the park of the ...

Article

Greek, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1768, in Zákinthos; died 1834, at Zákinthos.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Cantunis was the pupil of Nicolas Cutuzis, and also studied in Venice.

Athens (Ethnikí Pinakothíki)

Zakinthos (MA)

Article

Greek, 19th century, female.

Born 29 April 1843, in London; died 14 July 1914, in Paris.

Sculptor.

Maria Cassavetti Zambaco was a wealthy Greek Heiress. Following a failed marriage to Demetrius Zambaco, a doctor to the Greek community in Paris, she returned to London to live with her mother. She studied under Edward Burne-Jones in London and under Alphonse Legros and Auguste Rodin in Paris. She exhibited at the Royal Academy in London and, from ...

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Born 1858, in Patras; died 27 January 1935, in Athens.

Painter, art restorer. Landscapes, seascapes.

This artist, the pupil of George Jakobidés, exhibited at the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris.

Article

Greek, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in Russia.

Born between 1865 and 1866, in Eupatoria (Crimea); died 1929, in Athens.

Painter. Landscapes.

Nicolas Chimonas studied with Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi at the academy of fine arts in St Petersburg from 1890 to 1894 and later taught there (...