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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 6 December 1939, in Chicago.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor, designer (furniture).

Finish Fetish, Light and Space.

Larry Bell grew up in San Fernando Valley. In 1957 he joined the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles with the intention of becoming a draughtsman at Disney. However, inspired by the teaching of Robert Irwin and his peers, he resolved to become a painter and left the school before graduating in ...

Article

Hugh Davies

(b San Lorenzo, nr Reggio di Calabria, March 10, 1915; d Barto, PA, Nov 6, 1978).

American sculptor and furniture designer of Italian birth. After settling in the USA in 1930, he studied at the Society of Arts and Crafts, Detroit (1936), and the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, MI (1937–9), where he taught metalworking and produced abstract silver jewellery and colour monoprints. In 1943 he moved to California to assist in the development of the first of a series of chairs designed by Charles O. Eames. His first sculptures date from the late 1940s. In 1950 he established himself in Bally, PA, where he designed the Bertoia chair (1952), several forms of which were marketed by Knoll International. His furniture is characterized by the use of moulded and welded wire; in the case of the Bertoia chair, the chromium-plated steel wire is reshaped by the weight of the sitter. Bertoia also worked on small sculptures, directly forged or welded bronzes. The first of his many large architectural sculptures was a screen commissioned in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1969.

Sculptor of assemblages.

Vincent Fecteau's sculptures have similarities with baroque furniture. He has been exhibiting regularly in the USA since the early 1990s, particularly at Feature Inc. in New York. He has participated in various collective exhibitions, including: ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1942, in Atlanta.

Sculptor.

Brower Hatcher studied engineering before obtaining a BA in Industrial Design from the Pratt Institute in 1967. He then studied for an MA at the St. Martin's School of Art in London where he later taught. He taught at Bennington College until ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Bellingham (Washington State).

Engraver, lithographer, installation artist, sculptor.

Conceptual Art.

David Ireland studied industrial design and printmaking at the Californian College of Arts and Crafts, graduating in 1953. He worked as an architectural draughtsman, a carpenter and an African safari guide before returning to art education in the 1970s. In ...

Article

David M. Sokol

(b Milwaukee, WI, May 3, 1915; d Roslyn, NY, Aug 22, 2002).

American sculptor. He studied industrial design in Chicago, at the University and at the School of the Art Institute (1933–7). He began making sculptures c. 1942 and achieved major recognition following his one-man show at the Willard Gallery, New York (1947). His sculptures reveal a concern for the space that they occupy, and for movement, real and apparent. They are often made of fragmented metal, wire, or rods, sometimes giving an impression of weightlessness.

Lippold’s reputation was assured by the purchase in 1950 of Variation No. 7: Full Moon (1949–50) by the Museum of Modern Art in New York. A larger, but similar construction in metal wire, Variation within a Sphere, No. 10: The Sun (6.6×1.5 m, 1953–6), was commissioned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. A diaphanous web of gold-filled wire, anchored to the ceiling, floor, and walls by thin steel wires, the sculpture is illuminated by specially arranged lights. Among his other commissions, which he preferred to speculative work, were ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1944.

Sculptor, furniture designer.

Judy McKie produces artistic furniture.

Atkins, Robert: ArtSpeak: A Guide to Contemporary Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords, Abbeville Press, New York, 1990.

Article

Geoffrey R. Edwards

(b Melbourne, Feb 9, 1929; d New York, April 19, 2005).

Australian sculptor and designer, active in the USA. He studied aeronautical engineering and later industrial design at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, but left without finishing the course. From 1949 to 1953 he worked as an industrial designer, specializing in furniture. Marketed widely in Australia during these years, his furniture was distinguished by its simplicity. It was constructed with plain, undisguised materials such as steel rods, timber laminates, and cord; his tables, chairs, and shelving systems exercised a delight in linear and open structure that conveyed an impression of virtual weightlessness.

In his free time Meadmore began to produce sculptures, carving wooden shapes whose forms were similar to those of tensioned strings, and from 1950 to 1953 experimenting with mobiles. After extensive travel in 1953 in Europe, where he was particularly impressed by modern sculptures that he saw in Belgium, he produced his first large abstract sculptures in welded steel. Some of these, for example ...

Article

Margaret Barlow

(b Brooklyn, NY, Dec 20, 1924).

American sculptor. She began her career as a commercial art director, then studied at the Pratt Institute and afterwards at the Art Students’ League in New York. She then went to Paris and studied painting at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière with Fernand Léger and André Lhote. In 1951 she settled in Italy, and in 1960 she began producing sculptures. She maintained homes in Todi, Italy, and New York City. During the 1960s her sculptural style became gradually less expressionistic and more geometric, and she began using stainless steel as a material. Her sculptures, which tended to be large and located outdoors, were often made up of stacked, irregular, rectangular box-like shapes that were open on two sides, enabling the viewer to see through them. At once monumental and partly invisible, these works seemed to incorporate parts of their surroundings while reflecting other parts in their metallic surfaces. Later works were more overtly environmental, for example ...

Article

Elizabeth Legge

(James Aleck)

(b Toronto, Dec 10, 1928).

Canadian painter, sculptor, filmmaker, photographer, and musician. Snow was born in Toronto, and studied at the Ontario College of Art. From the early 1960s he lived in New York, where he was associated with Jonas Mekas’s Film-Makers’ Cinematheque, returning to Toronto in 1972. Snow worked in film, video, photography, holography, painting, sculpture, jazz, and combinations of these. In 1969 the film theorist P. Adams Sitney said that Snow, along with other artists/filmmakers including Hollis Frampton, Paul Sharits, Ernie Gehr, Tony Conrad, and Joyce Wieland, had established a new “structural film” in which overall shape took primacy over other concerns. Snow later said that his work was concerned with fundamental structural aspects of art, rather than “pictures,” and accordingly constructed the index for the “encyclopedia” of his work, Digital Snow (DVD 2002, website 2012) around “core principles,” which included properties abstracted from any particular medium (“transparency,” “duration,” “surface,” “language,” and “recto–verso”) as well as medium-based categories (“collage,” “photography,” and “painting”). These informed all his work....