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Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1910, in New York; died 30 December 2002, in New York.

Painter, engraver. Figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes.

Ida Abelman studied in New York at the Grand Central Art School, the National Academy School of Fine Art, City College of New York, Hunter College, the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League....

Article

American, 18th century, male.

Active in Charleston (South Carolina) in 1785.

Engraver (burin).

Article

Pat Gilmour

(b Glendale, CA, Dec 11, 1918; d Albuquerque, NM, May 13, 2002).

American painter, printmaker, art historian, writer and teacher. His appointment to the art faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1942 was interrupted by military service, and it was not until 1946 that he resumed his career as a teacher of the practice and theory of art. This took him to the universities of Kentucky (Lexington), Florida (Gainesville) and finally New Mexico (Albuquerque), where he served as Dean (1961–76). Despite academic demands, Adams always found time to paint and showed his work in over 50 solo exhibitions. Equally at home in oil, acrylic, watercolour and egg tempera, he was initially inspired by the abstracted cityscapes of Stuart Davis. Later he absorbed the lessons of Matisse, achieving particularly radiant paintings during the 1980s. In 1993 he was elected an Academician by the National Academy of Design.

In 1948, at Stanton Macdonald-Wright’s suggestion, Adams began to make lithographs with the Los Angeles printer, ...

Article

American, 18th century, male.

Active in 1764.

Engraver.

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Exeter, USA, from 1770 to 1810.

Engraver. Ex-libris plates.

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1803, in New Germantown (New Jersey); died 1880, in Morristown (New Jersey).

Engraver (wood).

Joseph Alexander Adams worked for several years as a printer and then devoted himself to engraving on wood, which he initially studied alone. He later received advice from the engraver Alexander Anderson. He became a master and, with his pupils and collaborators, undertook the great work that made his reputation, ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born in Plainfield (New Jersey).

Painter, engraver.

Article

Canadian First Nations (Oji-Cree), 20th century, female.

Born 28 March 1971, in Yorkton (Saskatchewan).

Installation artist, ceramicist, photographer, sculptor, printmaker.

KC Adams studied at Concordia University, in Montreal, Quebec, where she received her BFA in Studio Arts in 1998. Her artistic practice was further developed through artists’ residencies in Canada, at institutions in Banff, Charlottetown and Winnipeg. During her ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Muncie (Indiana); died 1959.

Painter, watercolourist, print artist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, animals.

Wayman Adams has his first lessons in painting from his father, Nelson Perry Adams, a stock farmer who took up painting late in life. He studied with William Forsythe and J. Otis Adams at the John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, with William Merritt Chase in Italy in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active in Belgium.

Born in Rochester (New York).

Painter, engraver. Urban landscapes.

Joan Aghib received a degree in Philosophy and Literature from the University of Michigan. She was taught painting by Hans Hofmann in New York and engraving by Stanley William Hayter in his famous ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1872, in Quincy (Illinois); died 1938.

Painter, engraver (etching). Portraits.

George Charles Aid studied at the School of Fine Art in St Louis. He went to France where he worked under the supervision of Jean-Paul Laurens and Benjamin-Constant. He exhibited in several artistic institutions in the USA and won a silver medal at the Universal Exhibition in St Louis in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1857, in New York; died 1939.

Engraver (wood).

A pupil of Frank French and J.-D. Smithmick, Walter Monteith Aikman trained in New York and then went to Paris to study painting. His engravings won him medals in exhibitions in Paris (...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1773, in Charleston (South Carolina); died 1846, in Philadelphia.

Engraver (line-engraving), illustrator.

James Akin was born in South Carolina, but moved first to Philadelphia and then to Newburyport and Salem in Massachusetts. Among his works are a portrait of ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 28 July 1890, in Scituate (Rhode Island); died 1985.

Painter, engraver (wood).

Grace Arnold Albee was the wife of Percy F. Albee. She studied at the Rhode Island School of Design and later moved to Paris, where she studied with the engraver Paul Bornet. While in Paris she exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne. In the USA she exhibited mainly in Philadelphia....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1883, in Bridgeport (Connecticut); died 1959.

Painter, lithographer. History painting.

Percy F. Albee studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He exhibited at collective shows in various cities across the USA and in particular at the Art Institute of Chicago. He was a member of the Providence and New York Art Clubs. He started exhibiting at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne in Paris in 1926. He painted symbolic or themed murals....

Article

Janet Marstine

(le Lorraine)

(b North Harvey, nr Chicago, Feb 20, 1897; d Woodstock, VT, Nov 18, 1983).

American painter, sculptor, printmaker and film maker. He was brought up in the suburbs of Chicago and was exposed to art at an early age by his father, Adam Emory Albright (1862–1957), a portrait painter. He passed on to his son the interest in careful draughtsmanship that he had developed from tuition with Thomas Eakins. Ivan’s initial field of interest was architecture, which he studied at Northwestern University, Evanston (1915–16), and at the University of Illinois, Urbana (1916–17). During World War I he served with an Army medical unit, making surgical drawings with great precision. He subsequently decided to become a painter and attended the Art Institute of Chicago (1920–23), the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Chicago (1923), and the National Academy of Design, New York (1924). Around this time he began to exhibit regularly.

Albright settled in Chicago in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in North Harvey (Illinois); died 1983, in Chicago.

Painter (gouache), engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, still-lifes.

American Magical Realism.

Ivan Le Lorraine Albright was born into a family of artists and painters who had emigrated to the USA from Germany in the 18th century. His father, Adam Emory Albright, had been a pupil of Thomas Eakins, who was considered the precursor of the American tradition known as ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Worcester (Massachusetts); died 1941.

Painter, engraver. Landscapes.

At the beginning of the 20th century George Ames Aldrich took his vacations in north-west France, where he painted views of Normandy and Brittany.

New York, 4 Jan 1907: River Path, Marne Chapel...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1800, in Windham County (Connecticut); died 1880 or 1881, in Florence.

Painter, engraver. Portraits.

A distinguished portrait artist and lithographer, Francis Alexander studied under Alexander Robertson, who was the secretary at the American Academy of Fine Arts in New York. He lived in Boston and Providence, where he earned a considerable reputation as a portraitist. He went to Europe in 1853 and studied the Italian Primitives; this had an effect on his own style, which became more Naive than Primitive. His landscapes contain few figures and convey a powerful feeling of solitude....

Article

Leah Lipton

(b Killingly, CT, Feb 3, 1800; d Florence, March 27, 1880).

American painter and lithographer. He studied briefly with Alexander Robertson (1768–1841) in New York and copied portraits by John Trumbull and Samuel Waldo. From 1821 to 1825 he painted portraits in Killingly, CT, and Providence, RI. He received encouraging advice from Gilbert Stuart in Boston, probably in 1825, and by 1828 was a prominent portrait painter and lithographer there. Portraits such as Mrs Jared Sparks (1830; Cambridge, MA, Harvard U.) demonstrate a well-developed sense of pattern and design but display some deficiency in draughtsmanship, with conventional shapes used to determine the sitter’s features.

From 1831 to 1833 Alexander travelled and painted in Italy. After returning to Boston, he exhibited 39 paintings in 1834 at Harding’s Gallery, many of which were derived from the Italian trip. His unusually theatrical portrait of Senator Daniel Webster (1835; Hanover, NH, Dartmouth Coll., Hood Mus. A.) shows the effect of his exposure to Romanticism; Webster is presented with fiery eyes and wild hair, silhouetted against a dramatic sky. When Dickens visited America in ...